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British Administration of Mysore

British Administration of Mysore

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09/10/2012

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BIlrrrSH
AlJ.i\llNISTHATlON
OF'
l"iYS01~E
By
A 1'i.\TIY,:-:
OT.'
MYSORE
PART
I.
FIFTY
YEARS OF
AD~nNIS'rRATION
LONDON
LONGMANS,
GREEN,
AND
CO.
1874
 
MYSOHB.
AT
the present
mOlllent,
when
bO
lIIuch
interest
is eyincedevery,rbere on
the
subject of the education which
is
being giyen
to
the
young
Maharaja
of
!lr~'sore,
underthe
ord~rs
of
the
Secrt·tary oi
State
for India, for thepurpose of
tmining
him fo-
the
future government of his
proyi1!Ce,:1
question of no less importance
naturalh'
suggests itself to consideration,
l1iz.,
how
that
province
is
b~jng
prepared to receiYe
tbe
native ruler.
This
que3tion
has
been asked in several quarters,
and
"s
it
sC··~l;lg
tohave elicited
no
reply, and
as
it
is
one of deep
int.ere~t
to
the
natiYes
01
this
province, we need no apology in comingforward to take up
the
subject. And though we
cannot
hut.
feel
dittident
in venturing
upon
an
untried field,
WI'
shall
be
satistied if we
so
far succeed as
to
draw
attention
to
the
great
importance of
the
question.
The
affaira of Mysore possess great interest
not
onlyin
the
peculiar
character
of
their
origin
but
in
the
grt'atconsequenceR which are involved
in
tIheir
future. Thc'act
by
which the
Earlof
Morningtonresened
the
SCiOD
of
the
old ;\lysore family from his
dIlJag6OJ1
and replacedhim
on
the
throne
of
hill
ancestors, whether it-e1!l1anateufrom
an
unwillingness to
augment
the
dominions of hisallies ,in
the
Mysore campaigns
or
frOID
a desire to concilin.te
the
natives
of
the
land
(a
policy of conciliation ofwhich
Hyder
had
furnished such a sucCessful precerlent.
and
which his bigoted
son
with
such infatua.tion violated
to
the
ruin
oiall
his
interests),
or
whether,
what
is more
B
 
probah!t::
than
~itbeL
LItis
singnla.r
instauc~
(jf
generosity
h:1J
its
()r~;"';'i!l
in
t!IC
(,O\lll';;t'l~
of
th~l-t
b',-'Ilest1
ilobjp
tll
incl,
which
\\'<1:-;
tht:.u
vljU21'~,il!8'
l1:t_."!
jtl)lh~;'~a!l(e,
~lld
wbo::il'
syn.p3.thising
interest in
their
welfare
hasmade
the
sly~orc
family
reg[tl'(l
him
as
their
grt':1t
idol,
this
an
stands
out as
:1
,:.!-It)l'Li)ilS
ft::ltnre
i.n
a (:a,reer of
conqn(~s~
and
spljliutil.ln
which
marl·::.;
tllC
origin
of
every
grent
empIre.
But
My,ort',
if
its
rrt'f:tirs axe
lwLtlngcil
in strict
ucconhnc"
\\'ith
till'
,piri,
of
the
policy now
[wowed
in
regurd to
it
by
till)
];l
iti~ll
Guvcrnnleut, is
destined
h)
play
,1,
rar
1l1'll'l'
ill:pNllmt
]l:'r~
in
the
future
carel'"
(If
peace,
than
l'rrn
i~-)
{Jri~:!J,-Ll
founders
eyer
UrefLIl10
of.
\Ye do
ll"~
wt",:rl
to
Llilow
out
the
snbseqUeIlt
"(':');l'5
of tb,· .",,'n(lnl
C:ll'h!"
of
this
Native
State.
v\
e
lH'l,tl
ll()~
dV;t':l
\1;\
~
111_'
llJ;lllllcr
in
whi~.h
the
ea.rl,'-'
tr"i::L'~
:lltel
education of
it",
~lt'\har:t.ia,
thus
iustalietl,
wa~
ilf':~ll'etl:d
by
tbe
l)Ci\"fl!l,
I.'r;gru~:-;c\l
in
the
scrcwillg
(Jut of a
fCYl'l1ne
ill
which
ll~_!
h~ld
~-L
clil't'ct
interest
in
titt,
:..;.Lalll'
("f
a pPfcentage
('l)lIll!,ission;
ll()\\"
the
official
jcakH;~':l'S
I)t't\\'~'en
the
Dewall,
the
1
l'\)U'gL'
of
the
suprerJiE'
GUYl.'l'lln:cat
:u:<1
the
R{':~idclJt.
fL
llUll1i!ll'e
of
the
Govern
llH~nt.
of
~I:'V1ra:",)
led
tothe
displa('('lll('nt
of
the
fornH:'f,
alld
tj)
till'
lJl:u:ing
of
the'
COUIlL!'y
illl/)
tllt'
inexperienct-d
h:Ullhi
or
tlw
H:Lj'-1h
at
the
(':triy
a'gt\
of
si
'\t.CCtl,
\vithout
allY
gU;lrallt('(' for
ih
~:o()d
goYC'rntllt'llt
:-oneIl
as
was
obviously
necessary
uudl'"
tilt'
cin:U[li,tllllees;
lww
Hi"
Highness,
suw,rting
til
Iller
tl,~
lIi'glt"('t
he Imd
bis
relations
had
fiuffered
at
the
hamls
of
til"
Dewan,
was
illduceq
to
entrust
theaJwillistmtiull
into tlw
hands
of
his
ignorant
relations
and
depencLlnts,
who-.;e re-cki('ss
IIJismftnagt-:lIlent
soon
le-d
to
the
rui1l of
tl18
tinatlCd,
tbe
oppression
of
the
ryots,
ana
to
the
distllrbancps
in N uggur, while all
the
time
the
representatives
of the
Government
passively looked
on,
content with
giving gClJeral adrrwnitions
and
{Jerhaps
not
altogether
indisposed
towards
a,
consummation
which
was
rather
desireu,
and matters
came
ttMluch a
pitch
tlat

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