RESTORATION EFFORTS FOR RESTART OF KASHIWAZAKIKARIWA NPS AFTER THE 2007 NIIGATAKEN CHUETSU-OKIEARTHQUAKE
Kazuyuki Nagasawa*, Hideaki Kiyoura* and Takaya Sukegawa** Tokyo Electric Power Company INC.1
IntroductionAlthough Kashiwazaki Kariwa (KK) NPS was affected by the 2007 NiigatakenChuetsu-oki earthquake (the NCO earthquake), there was no damage to safety relatedcomponents. We conducted seismic evaluation by inspections and seismic response analysis,then we assessed the quake's impact on components in detail. We had evaluated soundness of all safety related components in Unit-1, 5, 6, 7, and restarted them.2
Damages caused by the NCO earthquakeUnit-3, 4 and 7 were automatically shut down by the NCO earthquake (Unit-1, 2, 5 and 6were in the outage period at the NCO earthquake).Although the recorded earthquake motion in the NCO earthquake far exceeded design basisseismic motion, there was no damage to safety related components (S class components)(Table1).In the case of Unit-7, we inspected 1360 components after the earthquake, and discovereddamages on only 21 non safety related components (B or C class components).3
Evaluation of NPS soundness after the NCO earthquakeIn order to restart NPS affected by the earthquake that far exceeded design basis seismicmotion, we evaluated soundness of NPS in three steps as below. Based on this experience,IAEA Safety report “
Earthquake Preparedness and Response for Nuclear Power Plants(Safety report series 66
)” was published in 2011.
Component level evaluation
We performed basic inspections of components (pump, piping, valve etc.), paying attentionsto parts likely to be damaged by an earthquake. For safety related components (S classcomponents), we performed seismic response analysis in addition and comprehensiveevaluation by the both results of inspections and seismic response analysis.
System level evaluation
Seismic SafetyClassExamples of Components Damages caused by the NCO earthquakeSReactor pressure vessel, Primary containment vessel,Control rods, ECCS, Reactor buildingNoneBTurbine facilities, Radioactive waste processing System,Reactor building crane, Fuel handling machineMinor
Universal joints of overhead crane
CMain generators, Transformers,House steam boilers, Fire protection systemSome(House transformer
Exhaust stack duct
Piping for fire protection system etc.)
Seismic Safety Class of components and damages caused by the NCO earthquake