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Burlington High School prepares students for lifelong learning and responsible citizenship by offering achallenging, relevant curriculum and varied activities in a safe environment.

Burlington High SchoolMathematics Department

AP Calculus AB (290)

–

Course Syllabus 2012-2013

Contact Information

Or: bdmcneill7@gmail.comTwitter: @bmcneill7

Online Resource: http://bhsapcalc.wikispaces.comCourse Overview

This course teaches all topics associated with Functions, Graphs and Limits,Derivatives, and Integrals as outlines in the Calculus AB topics Outline in the

APCalculus course description.

Each student is provided a TI-84+ calculator by the schoolfor his/her use throughout the course. We use these calculators almost every day to helpsolve problems, experiment, discover and reinforce the concepts of Calculus. Mostproblems are presented numerically, analytically, graphically, and verbally. All tests aregiven in two parts: one part which requires a graphing calculator, and the other partwhere the calculator is not allowed. Discussions are a part of the course both orally andwritten. Students are encouraged and required to explain solutions to problems bothverbally and in writing. Students often work together inside and outside the classroom.

Primary Text

Anton, H., Bivens, I., & Davis, S. (2005).

Calculus, early transcendentals

. (8

th

ed.).Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.The following is an outline of the topics covered and the order in which they are covered.All time estimates are approximations.

Functions, Graphs, Limits, and Continuity

(4 to 5 weeks)1.

Review the definition and properties of elementary functions including algebraic,trigonometric, and exponential. Develop further understanding of composite andinverse functions. Review the following: function notation, domains, ranges,combinations, odd, even periodicity, symmetry, asymptotes, zeros, upper andlower bounds, and intervals where the function is increasing and decreasing.Explore and analyze the functions using the TI-84+ calculator.

Burlington High School prepares students for lifelong learning and responsible citizenship by offering achallenging, relevant curriculum and varied activities in a safe environment.

Burlington High SchoolMathematics Department

2.

Introduction of limits through definitions properties including properties of constant, sum, product, and quotients. Use of limit notation, right- and left-handlimits, one-sided limits, limits at infinity, infinite limits, and nonexistent limits.3.

Compute limits intuitively, estimating limits from graphs and from tables of values. Calculate limits using algebra, providing support for previous

“estimates.”

4.

Study asymptotic behavior, unbound behavior using graphical and algebraicapproaches. Describe behavior in terms of limits involving infinity. Usegraphing calculator to support conclusions about the behavior of functions.5.

Learn the definitions of continuity and determine when a function is continuous ordiscontinuous. This will include examining continuity at a point, continuity overa closed interval, application of the Intermediate Value Theorem, and graphicalinterpretation of continuity and discontinuity.

Differentiation

(4 to 5 weeks)1.

Find the slope of a curve and the tangent line to a curve at a point. Use the zoomand trace properties of the graphing calculator to model local linearapproximation.2.

Approximate instantaneous rate of change from graphs and tables of values as thelimit of average rate of change.3.

Find the derivative of an algebraic function by using the definition of a derivativeand investigate the relationship between differentiability and continuity.4.

Apply formulas to find the derivative of algebraic and trigonometric functions.5.

Learn the characteristics of the graphs of a function and its derivative, inparticular, the relationship between the increasing and decreasing behavior of afunction and the sign of its derivative.6.

Apply formulas to find the derivative of the sum, product, quotient, inverse, andcomposite of elementary functions.7.

Find the derivative of an implicitly defined function.8.

Use implicit differentiation to model and solve real world related rate problems,which involve finding the rate at which some quantity is changing by relating toother quantities whose rate of change are known.9.

Apply linear approximation, which uses the values of the tangent line at a point toapproximate the values of a nonlinear function close to that point.

The Derivative

–

Graphing and Applications

(4 to 5 weeks)1.

Analyze curves by applying derivative to functions and their graphs, includingmatching graphs of functions with graphs of the first and second derivatives,finding local and absolute extrema, and determining increasing, decreasing,concavity and inflection points.2.

Use the derivative as an optimization tool to find local and global extrema.3.

Model and solve real world optimization problems using examples from businessand industry, such as maximizing volume or minimizing cost and problems formeconomics, using cost, revenue, and profit functions.

Burlington High School prepares students for lifelong learning and responsible citizenship by offering achallenging, relevant curriculum and varied activities in a safe environment.

Burlington High SchoolMathematics Department

4.

Interpret the derivative as a rate of change in rectilinear motion problems, usingvelocity, speed, and acceleration.5.

Use Newton’s Method to approximate the roots of a function and investigate

situations where the method fails.6.

Learn the Mean Value Theorem for derivatives and apply it both algebraically andgraphically.

Antiderivatives and Integrals

(4 to 6 weeks)1.

Calculate the antiderivative of elementary and trigonometric functions,algebraically and graphically, including the construction and interpretation of slope fields.2.

Find the indefinite integral using the technique of substitution of variables.3.

Approximate the value of a definite integral as area under a curve using RiemannSums and the Trapezoidal Rule. Define the integral as the limit of these sums.4.

Learn and use both parts of the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. The first partto evaluate the definite integral and the second part to shat that a function can berecovered from its integral by differentiating, thus showing that integration anddifferentiation are inverse processes.5.

Define the definite integral of the rate of change of a quantity over an interval asthe change of the quantity over the interval.6.

Learn and use the Mean Value Theorem of Integrals (average value of a functionover a closed interval).

Applications of Integration

(3 to 4 weeks)

1.

Find the area under a curve and the area between two curves in a plane usingintegration with respect to both the x-axis and y-axis.2.

Find the volume of a region that is revolved around the x-axis, y-axis, or any lineparallel to these axes, using the method of disks/washers and cylindrical shells.3.

Find the volume of solids using cross-sectional areas perpendicular to the x-axisor the y-axis.4.

Find the arc lengths of plane curves using integration and areas of a surface of revolution.

Logarithmic, Exponential, and Inverse Trigonometric Functions

(4 to 5 weeks)1.

Identify the relationship between a function and its inverses, both algebraicallyand graphically. Differentiate inverse functions.2.

Derive and apply the rules of differentiation for logarithmic, exponential, andinverse trigonometric functions.3.

Derive and apply the techniques for integration of logarithmic, exponential, andinverse trigonometric functions.4.

Solve separable differential equations and use them in modeling, includingexponential growth and decay problems.5.

Use L’Hopital’s Rule to find the limit of functions whose limits are indeterminate

forms.

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