the abundant detail, intense colours, and complex compositions of QuattrocentoItalianand Flemish art.The Pre-Raphaelites have been considered the firstavant-gardemovement in art, thoughthey have also been denied that status, because they continued to accept both theconcepts of history paintingand of mimesis,or imitation of nature, as central to thepurpose of art. However, the Pre-Raphaelites undoubtedly defined themselves as areform-movement, created a distinct name for their form of art, and published aperiodical,
Ford Madox Brown was invited to join, but preferred to remainindependent. He nevertheless remained close to the group. Some other young paintersand sculptors were also close associates, includingCharles Allston Collins,ThomasTupper,andAlexander Munro.They kept the existence of the Brotherhood secret frommembers of the Royal Academy.