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One Year Out_0

One Year Out_0

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Published by: Sergio Nahuel Candido on Sep 10, 2012
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One Year Out:An Assessment of DADT Repeal
s Impact onMilitary Readiness
byProfessor Aaron Belkin, Ph.D, Palm CenterProfessor Morten Ender, Ph.D, US Military Academy*Dr. Nathaniel Frank, Ph.D, Columbia UniversityDr. Stacie Furia, Ph.D, Palm CenterProfessor George R. Lucas, Ph.D, US Naval Academy/Naval Postgraduate School*Colonel Gary Packard, Jr., Ph.D, US Air Force Academy*Professor Tammy S. Schultz, Ph.D, US Marine Corps War College*Professor Steven M. Samuels, Ph.D, US Air Force Academy*Professor David R. Segal, Ph.D, University of MarylandSeptember 20, 2012*The views expressed by faculty at US Government Agencies are those of the individuals and do notnecessarily reflect the official policy or position of their respective Service Academies, their ServiceBranches, the Department of Defense or the US Government. Non-military institutional affiliationsare listed for identification purposes only and do not convey the institutions
positions.
 
1
R
epeal…
would undermine recruiting and retention, impact leadershipat all levels, have adverse effects on the willingness of parents who lendtheir sons and daughters to military service, and eventually break theAll-Volunteer Force.
 
 — 
March 2009 statement signed by1,167 retired admirals and generals
1
 
The flag and general officers for the military, 1,167 to date, 51 of themformer four-stars, said that this law, if repealed, could indeed
break 
theAll-Volunteer Force. They chose that word very carefully. They have a
lot of military experience…
and they know what they
re talking about.
 
 — 
 
 Elaine Donnelly, Center for Military Readiness, May 2010
2
 
 
2
Table of Contents
E
XECUTIVE
S
UMMARY
................................................................................................................................................. 3
 
Study Overview and Approach ..........................................................................................................................
3
 
Findings .............................................................................................................................................................
4
 
One-Year Impact of DADT repeal (September 2011
– 
September 2012) ............................................................
5
 
I
NTRODUCTION
.......................................................................................................................................................... 6
 
M
ETHODS
................................................................................................................................................................. 7
 
H
ISTORICAL
C
ONTEXT
............................................................................................................................................... 10
 
M
ILITARY
R
EADINESS
................................................................................................................................................ 10
 
C
OMPONENTS OF
M
ILITARY
R
EADINESS
....................................................................................................................... 15
 
Unit Cohesion ..................................................................................................................................................
15
 
Recruitment and Retention .............................................................................................................................
20
 
 Assaults and Harassment ................................................................................................................................
23
 
Morale .............................................................................................................................................................
28
 
D
ISCUSSION OF
R
ESULTS
........................................................................................................................................... 30
 
V
ALIDITY
................................................................................................................................................................. 32
 
C
ONCLUSION
........................................................................................................................................................... 33
 
A
PPENDIX
A
 
 –
 
A
UTHOR
B
IOGRAPHIES
.......................................................................................................................... 34
 
A
PPENDIX
B
 
 –
 
S
TANDARDS OF EVIDENCE
...................................................................................................................... 35
 
A
PPENDIX
C
 
 –
 
L
ETTER TO
553
 
R
ETIRED
G
ENERALS AND
A
DMIRALS
................................................................................... 36
 
A
PPENDIX
D
 
 –
 
DADT
REPEAL OPPONENTS CONTACTED
.................................................................................................. 37
 
A
PPENDIX
E
 
 –
 
W
ATCHDOG ORGANIZATIONS CONTACTED
................................................................................................ 38
 
A
PPENDIX
F
 
 –
 
S
CHOLARLY AND PRACTITIONERS INTERVIEWED
.......................................................................................... 39
 
A
PPENDIX
G
 
 –
 
S
ERVICEMEMBER INTERVIEWS
................................................................................................................ 40
 
A
PPENDIX
H
 
 –
 
M
ILITARY 
IMES
ADVERTISEMENT
.......................................................................................................... 42A
PPENDIX
I
 
 –
 
S
TATEMENT BY MILITARY FACULTY
........................................................................................................... 43
 

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