A Word from US President F.D. Roosevelt:
As for Germany, that tragic nation which has sown the wind and is now reaping the whirlwind—weand our Allies are entirely agreed that we shall not bargain with the Nazi conspirators, or leave them ashred of control—open or secret—of the instruments of government. We shall not leave them a singleelement of military power—or of potential military power. But I should be false to the very foundationsof my religious and political convictions, if I should ever relinquish the hope—and even the faith—thatin all people, without exception, there lives some instinct for truth, some attraction toward justice, andsome passion for peace—buried as they may be in the German case under a brutal regime. We bring nocharge against the German race, as such, for we cannot believe that God has eternally condemned anyrace of humanity. For we know in our own land how many good men and women of German ancestryhave proved loyal, freedom-loving, peace-loving citizens.There is going to be stern punishment for allthose in Germany directly responsible for this agony of mankind.The German people are not going to be enslaved —because the United Nations do not traffic in humanslavery. But it will be necessary for them to earn their way back into the fellowship of peace-loving andlaw-abiding nations. And, in their climb up that steep road, we shall certainly see to it that they are notencumbered by having to carry guns. They will be relieved of that burden—we hope, forever.—President RooseveltThis book owes much to discussions I have had on the subject with many authorities,both in and out of Government, and to analyses that have been made by a number of other experts in the field. To all of them I wish to express my gratitude and appreciation.Their help has been invaluable, but the interpretations and opinions expressed here aremy responsibility, not theirs.I have donated this book to the Elinor and Henry Morgenthau Jr. Foundation for PeaceInc., a non-profit membership corporation. The Foundation will use the proceeds of thepublication and distribution of the book for the purpose of encouraging individuals andorganizations aspiring for a world of freedom, peace and security and for thecoordination and direction of the efforts of all peoples in their struggle for theattainment of such a world.H. Morgenthau Jr.
THE REASON FOR THIS BOOK
IN SEPTEMBER, 1944, PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. Roosevelt asked me to outline for him aprogram for the treatment of Germany after her defeat. He wished to take such a document to theQuebec Conference, which was to be held in a few days, and he knew that I had devoted a good deal of thought and study to the subject. As Secretary of the Treasury, I had been led into the whole problemby questions of reparations, currency and financial controls. I had seen that these could not be divorcedfrom the broader aspects of what to do with Germany. The President, with whom I had been privilegedto work on terms of intimacy and confidence for many years, knew of my interest and my research.