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Boeing P-12 Biplane

Boeing P-12 Biplane

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Aircraft Model Plans
Aircraft Model Plans

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Published by: Aviation/Space History Library on Sep 11, 2012
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09/11/2012

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 Attention to detail creates a fine appearanceThis ship will be a credit to your fleet
Build and Fly This Boeing Fighter
How You Can Construct a Flying Miniatureof One of Uncle Sam's GreatestNavy FightersBy WILLIAM WINTER
The model is an excellent flier. The largestabilizer aids performanceTHE Boeing F4B-4 fighterneeds no introduction as it isprobably the most popular serviceship of the day. Its every linesuggests the ruggedness for which itis famous. It is noted in the air for theease with which it withstands themost violent maneuver. The wellknown Pratt and Whitney "Wasp"rated at 420-550 hp. reliably meets allthe demands of pursuit tactics.The model like the real shipis synonymous with stamina. Despitethe fact that pursuit ships usuallymake mediocre models, the F4B-4 isall excellent performer. It possessesstability to an unusual degree and willafford many hours of sure-fire flightswith little or no repairs.
Fuselage
Cut all the bulkheads from1/16" sheet balsa. Using the patternsgiven, cut the former stringers from3/32" sheet. Cement the two sideformer stringers in place on all the
 
bulkheads. When dry, attach the topand bottom stringers. The auxiliarystringers are 1/16" sq. sanded toabout 1/20" sq. They are placed inthe proper notches and cemented.The rudder post is cut from a piece of1/4"x 3/16" and glued in position. Therear hook is bent to shape from .028music wire and sunk in the rudderpost as required. The cockpit isformed by bending 1/32" sheet. Thesheet is first cut to the necessarywidth and length. The lower edge iscemented to the stringer below thecockpit. When dry, the sheet balsa isbent the remaining distance andglued. The cockpit outline is markedwith a pencil and cut out with a sliverof a razor blade. A small piece of1/16" sheet, the pattern of which isgiven on the bulkhead sheet, isinserted between the extensions ofNo. 3 and 4 bulkheads and forms thecenter portion of the fillet,To cover, use narrow stripsof the best grade paper obtainable.Each strip runs the entire portion ofthe fuselage. The headrest also iscovered with numerous narrow stripsto avoid wrinkles. The finishedcovering is lightly sprayed and doped.Cut all the blocks X (7/16" x1-1/16" x 7/16") and Y (1-1/16" x 1" x1-1/16"). Block X is cemented flushwith the front face of No. 3 bulkhead.Block Y is attached in the samemanner to the rear face of No. 4bulkhead. If any care is exercised inthe carving of these fillet blocks, notrouble will be had in theirattachment.The auxiliary gas tank addsvery little weight but much inappearance. The side patterns arecut from 1/32" sheet and cemented tothe bottom of the fuselage at therequired position. The lower coveringor bottom of the tank is also 1/32"sheet. It is bent to shape as it is gluedin place. Cement one end and allowto dry. Bend a bit further and allow todry again. In this manner there canbe no cracking. Block Z is cut from asoft block 1-3/8" x 1-3/16" x 7/16" andis attached at the position shown inthe side view.The entire fuselage unit, ifpainting is desired, should besilvered. The markings are easilydiscerned in the pictures. Though thepainting adds weight, the F4B-4 willfly well.The windshield is celluloid.Directly in front of the windshield atthe position noted on the side view,the telescopic sight is located. A stripof 3/32" is cut to the required lengthand rounded. The sight is paintedblack.
Landing Gear and Tail WheelAssembly
 The main landing gear strut iscut from 1/8" x 3/8" stock andstreamlined. The small fillets shownare made from 1/4" sheet andattached with bamboo pins andcement. Do not dispense with thepins as they are necessary. The mainstruts are attached to the fuselage asrequired. It would be use to cut awaya tiny opening in the paper so that thestrut will have a firm contact with thewood of the bulkhead. The rearstruts, the spreader bar and the strutsmarked M are all cut to the requiredlengths and streamlined from hard1/8" x 1/4". The spreader bar isattached to the bamboo pins at thelower extremities of the main struts.There should be a small clearancebetween the wood of the bar and themain strut. The 1-7/8" wheels aremounted on .028 music wire axles.The axles are attached to thespreader bar in such a manner thattheir ends sink into the wood at apoint just below the attachment of theM struts. The axles are bound withthread and cemented.The 1/2" tail wheel ismounted on an .014 wire axle. Thewood mount seen on the side view isa piece of 3/32" sheet attached to thecut away portion of the rudder post.
Tail Assembly and Mounting
 The main spars are 1/16" x1/8" and are pinned directly to thebench. The crosspieces are cut to therequired lengths from 1/32" x 1/8" andare cemented in place. The lowestcross-piece of the rudder is cut from3/32" sheet. The edges of bothstabilizer and rudder are formed bybending 1/20" sq. bamboo to shapearound a candle flame.Cover each side of bothstabilizer and rudder with separatepieces of tissue. Dope the finishedsurfaces lightly.The fillets are cut to shape asshown from two blocks 3-1/16" x 5/8"x 5/16". They are attached to thefuselage with very thick cement. Ifnecessary, expose a quantity ofcement to the air until the desiredconsistency is attained. If anycrevices result from a variation ofconstruction, carefully fill them withthis thickened cement as they are tobe painted over. Attach the stabilizerhalves to the fillets with cement. Thetail braces are cut to the givenlengths and cemented in position.The rudder is cemented to the topformer stringer and braced with blackthread.The tail unit, including thefillets, were painted a solid red on themodel. The lettering was done withwhite oil paint.
Center Section Struts, Wingsand Interplane Struts
 The center section struts arecut to the lengths required from 1/8" x1/4 " and streamlined. The ends areslanted before the struts arecemented in position.The spars for the top wingare 1/16"x 3/16". They are pinned tothe bench as evenly as possible. Theribs are cut from 1/32" sheet, pinnedtogether and sanded to a similaroutline. The notches are cut while theribs are pinned together to insuretheir accuracy. Cement the ribs inplace on the spars. The special tipsections required are shown on thewing plan in dotted lines. The leadingedge of the top wing is 1/8" sq. stock,half rounded and cemented inposition. The trailing edge is 1/16" x3/16" stock. The tips are 1/20" sq.bamboo, bent by candle flame to the
 
desired shape. To incorporate the1/4" dihedral in the top wing, it isnecessary to crack the spars andleading edge at the point of angle.The wing tips are supported at theproper height by small blocks until thecemented cracked portions havedried. There is no dihedral on thescale Boeing's top wing. The smallestdegree advisable has been added tothe flying model.The lower wing panels arebuilt one left and one right hand. It isnecessary to slant the innermost ribof each panel to allow for the 1/2"dihedral. Small pieces of 1/16" stockare inserted between the two innerribs of both panels to prevent theirdistortion by covering. The leadingedge is 3/32" sq. The spars are 1/16"x 1/8" and the trailing edge 1/16" x3/16".Cover the bottom of the topwing with one piece of tissue. The topsurface is covered with three piecesdue to the dihedral angle. The topand bottom surfaces of both the lowerwing panels are covered withseparate pieces of tissue. It would beadvisable to cover the tips withnarrow strips to avoid wrinkles. Thefinished covering is lightly sprayedand doped. The upper surface of thetop wing is colored yellow. Three inchstars are used.The top wing is attached tothe center section struts and checkedfor alignment. The lower wing panelsare cemented to the fillets built intothe fuselage. It is to be noted that theincidence of the top wing is 3/32" andthat of the bottom 1/16". Theinterplane and aileron struts are cutto the required sizes, streamlined andcemented in position. The interplanestruts are 1/16" x 1/4" and the aileronstruts 1/16" x 1/8". Fillets R and S arecut to the detailed size front 3/32"sheet. Black thread bracing wires areused. All load and lift wires aredouble. The remainder of the wingsand all the struts are painted silver.
Drag Ring, Propeller andMotor
 The drag ring is built up of sixlayers of 3/16" balsa sheet. Eachlayer is cut to the required outsideand inside diameters and glued upcross grain. When dry, the contour ofthe outside is accomplished byshaping with a razor blade. A thor-ough sanding is done with fine paper.The main dimensions of the keylayers are tabulated on the plan. Thehole cut to receive the dummy motoror removable nose plug is square toprevent turning.The crankcase proper isrounded from a block slightly largerthan the 1-1/2" sq. one actuallyrequired. The nine spacings for thecylinder attachments are accuratelymarked. The crankcase must beflattened slightly where each cylinderis to be attached. This is clearlyshown in the motor detail. The threecircular additions to the front of thecrankcase are made from 3/16" and3/32" sheets as required. The bearingshown is cut from tin and sunk in aswell as cemented to the crankcase.The cylinders shown are built up ofscraps. The lowest portion of thecylinder is 1/16" sheet. The pieceimmediately above is 3/8" in diameterand 1/4" in thickness. The top of eachcylinder is rounded as seen in thecross-section of the ring. The rockerarm housings are small pieces cut toshape and glued into notches cut inthe cylinder head. The pushrods callbe made by rounding 1/16" sq. balsa.The square plug piece at the rear ofthe crankcase is a piece of 3/16"sheet.The propeller blank is cutalong the diagonals that run alongeach side of the blades and extendbeyond the confines of the blockshown. These diagonals are for ablock 2-1/4" wide. The excessportions are not shown on the plan.Do not shape the tips until the carvinghas been completed. Sand carefullyafter the balancing has beencompleted. The proper balance isessential to the performance of themodel. The shaft is bent to shapefrom .028 wire. It is of coursenecessary to locate the shaft in thepropeller, imbed a bearing in the rearface and to place a loose washer onthe shaft as well as the plug beforethe hook is bent. The front of theshaft is bent U-shaped to permit itsfirm hold in the prop base. The propis silver in color as is the drag ringand crankcase. The cylinders areblack and the pushrods silver.The motive power is eightstrands of 1/8" flat rubber. Lubricationand winder winding will increase theflight duration if high performance isdemanded.
Flight Directions
 Balance the model by flying itover deep grass. If none is available,fly the ship on a few turns R.O.G. Asthe correct balance is ascertained,the number of turns is graduallyincreased. A small weight isinvariably needed in the nose tobalance the flying scale modeldespite all the possible methods ofdesign and construction unless theproportions of tail surfaces areinterfered with. Though the F4B-4has a short rubber length, it iscapable of flights a few hundred feetin distance if accurately built andwisely flown. You are bound to bepleased with the unexpected distanceand stability of this little fighter.

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