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THORIUM –BASED NUCLEAR POWER PRODUCTION

THORIUM –BASED NUCLEAR POWER PRODUCTION

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Published by TU_MTECH_ENV11

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Published by: TU_MTECH_ENV11 on Sep 11, 2012
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01/31/2013

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THORIUM
 –
BASED NUCLEAR POWERPRODUCTION
 
 
Introduction
Thorium & Uranium have a million times the energy density of coal.
Thorium is a natural radioactive chemical element with the symbol Th and atomicnumber 90. It was discovered in 1828 and named after Thor, the Norse god of thunder.
Uranium reserves in India pertaining are estimated to be about 95,000 tonnes of metal. Thorium reserves (monazite ore) in India are about 8 million tonnes(containing about 0.63 million tonnes of thorium metal) occurring in beach andriver sands.
Mined thorium is retrieved as a single isotope, thorium-232. No isotope separationnor enrichment process is needed.
The known reserves of uranium in the country can support about 10 GWe of installed electricity capacity based on PHWRs for a life-time of 40 years at 80%capacity factor.
 
CLASSIFICATION BY TYPE OFNUCLEAR REACTION
 
Nuclear Fission is a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which
the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts (lighter nuclei), often
producing free neutrons and photons (in the form of gamma rays), andreleasing a very large amount of energy, even by the energetic standards of 
radioactive decay.
Nuclear fusion is the process by which two or more atomic nuclei jointogether, or "fuse", to form a single heavier nucleus. During this process,matter is not conserved because some of the mass of the fusing nuclei isconverted to energy which is released.

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