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Analysis of Examination Results Data Using Various Mining Techniques

Analysis of Examination Results Data Using Various Mining Techniques

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Published by ijcsis
The paper comprises of various pattern mining techniques from data mining such as statistical techniques, classification and clustering. The domain we have chosen is the university domain for the above entitled thesis. The objective for choosing a university domain is, as educational data mining is an emerging discipline concern with the developing method for the exploring the unique types of data that come from the educational context. Due to an increasing number of institutions and students' technical educational institutions becoming increasingly oriented to performance and their measurement and an accordingly setting goals and developing strategies for their achievements [02]. This already happens in Europe in Croatia, USA [01] but still lacking in India. The pattern extracted after applying mining techniques, clearly shows the impact of subject contents in the students' career with the variations in the examination policy.
The paper comprises of various pattern mining techniques from data mining such as statistical techniques, classification and clustering. The domain we have chosen is the university domain for the above entitled thesis. The objective for choosing a university domain is, as educational data mining is an emerging discipline concern with the developing method for the exploring the unique types of data that come from the educational context. Due to an increasing number of institutions and students' technical educational institutions becoming increasingly oriented to performance and their measurement and an accordingly setting goals and developing strategies for their achievements [02]. This already happens in Europe in Croatia, USA [01] but still lacking in India. The pattern extracted after applying mining techniques, clearly shows the impact of subject contents in the students' career with the variations in the examination policy.

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Published by: ijcsis on Sep 11, 2012
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(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 10, No. 8, August 2012
1
Dr. Kanak Saxena
Professor & Head,Computer ApplicationsSATI, Vidisha (M.P.)
Kanak.saxena@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
The paper comprises of various patternmining techniques from data mining such asstatistical techniques, classification andclustering. The domain we have chosen is theuniversity domain for the above entitledthesis. The objective for choosing a universitydomain is, as educational data mining is anemerging discipline concern with thedeveloping method for the exploring theunique types of data that come from theeducational context. Due to an increasingnumber of institutions and students' technicaleducational institutions becoming increasinglyoriented to performance and theirmeasurement and an accordingly setting goalsand developing strategies for theirachievements [02]. This already happens inEurope in Croatia, USA [01] but still lacking inIndia. The pattern extracted after applyingmining techniques, clearly shows the impactof subject contents in the students' careerwith the variations in the examination policy.
INTRODUCTION:
In our mining system the data preprocess isthe phase where data cleaned from noise byovercoming the difficulties of recognizingstudents, semester, branch in order to beused as input to the next phase of patterndiscovery. In the pattern mining phase variousmining algorithms are incorporated into the
Dr. Anubhuti Khare
Associate Professor,DoEC, UIT,RGPV,Bhopal (M.P.)
anubhutikhare@gmail.com
 
system to mine different types of pattern. Inthe pattern analysis phase the mined patternswhich in great number to be evaluated.Mining system is classified and explained.Commonly a mining system introduces threeparts:(i) Data Preprocessing(ii) Pattern Discovery(iii) Pattern Analysis
General Mechanism
DataPre-processPattern DiscoveryPattern AnalysisPredict user behavior
DATA DESCRIPTION:
There are about millions of data on studentswho belongs to various courses, years,semesters etc. Among which we have taken asample of approx 2 lacs data, When weapplied various analytical techniques wefound the results of the analysis takes verylong time and every time we have to pre-
ANALYSIS OF EXAMINATION RESULTSDATA USING VARIOUS MININGTECHNIQUES
 
DEVENDRA SINGH RAJPOOT
Ph.D. Scholor , UIT, RGPV,Bhoapl (M.P.)dsrphd@yahoo.com
 
69http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 10, No. 8, August 2012
2
process the data. Thus for simplicity we havetaken a particular semester and a specificrange of year from 2004 to 2008 with only onecourse. The sample data comes out to be nearabout 16574. For the complete analysis thedata are chosen from the university whichconsists of total attributes 154. Applying themining algorithms on the complete data theproblems of execution due to the constraintsof computer system exist. Thus we reduce ourdata set with approx 16574. No doubt thesystem accumulates vast amount informationwhich is very valuable for analyzing thestudent behavior and could create valuableinformation to the educational system but asdiscussed earlier, for mining the entire datawould not be possible. Hence the data whichconsider for the valuation is consisting of Engineering III Semester (All disciplines) sincethe year 2004 to 2008. The interest forperformance indicators in the technicaleducation has become extremely high as thereason for this lies in the relevant political andsocial changes in the recent years[03,04,05,06,07,08,09,10].
WORK DONE:
Data mining is the process of efficientdiscovery of non-obvious valuable patternfrom a large collection of data [11]. Tocomprehend better the student’s behavior,statistical data processing will be performed.In the first segment, graphs will be used topresent the basic information on the structureof the student’s data and second segment theanalysis will be carried out by using variousregression techniques.For this work we use weka 3.6.2 because of itsimportant characteristics [12]:(i)
 
Free Software System which isimplemented in the Java interface.(ii)
 
Open source software that provides acollection of machine learning and datamining algorithms.(iii)
 
The algorithms and routines can bemodified using the same programminglanguage.
Course Intake
BE (All discipline) 64430B. Pharm. 5880MCA 5980B. Arch. 300
Table 1. Shows total intake of students of TechnicalUniversity in the year 2008.
 
Figure 1.Shows total intake of students of TechnicalUniversity in the year 2008 with the help of pie chart.
PROPOSED METHOD:
With the increase in demand of technologyinterest towards technical field is increasingday by day due to which students are takingadmission in engineering. As compared toother courses job opportunities are more inthe engineering field. The above figure no.1shows the number of students took admissionin engineering for which it is clearlyunderstood that interest of students inengineering is more compared to othercourses. B Pharmacy is less in demand due toless number of colleges, limited seats and less job opportunities in this field. Admission inMCA is less because now a day’s studentsprefers to do other courses such as B.Tech.and M.Tech. after bachelor degree of engineering due to number of seats increase.Least admissions are in B. Arch becausestudents interested in this field choose civilengineering as their subject, so admissions inthis field are less.
70http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 10, No. 8, August 2012
3
Exam_YrStd_appearStd_pass Result %OverallResult %
2004 7559 2840 37.57 43.642005 8148 4130 50.68 52.352006 9484 3992 42.09 49.782007 15944 6473 40.59 43.512008 17731 10475 59.07 52.18
Table 2.: Shows number of students in Engineering andtheir result from 2004 to 2008.
7559814894841594417731020004000600080001000012000140001600018000200001 2 3 4 5Exam_YrStd_app_301
 
Figure 2. Shows number of students in Engineering since2004 to 2008.
RESULT DISCUSSIONS:
Due to increase in engineeringcolleges as well as an increase in intake in thestate, Number of students appearing in examsare also increasing. As per the table no.2.Number of students appeared and thenumber of students passed in these examshave also shown the trend in decreased of overall results with every year. After analysiswe found that failure rate is more than passrate in more students are failing to clear thesubject of Mathematics-III. In year 2004, 7559students were appeared in the examinationand 2840 are successful to clear and 4719students are failing in Mathematics-III, likewhile in year 2005, 4130 students pass out of 8148 and 4318 students are failing, year 2006,3992 students pass out of 9484, year 2007,6473 students pass out of 15944 and year2008, 10475 students pass out of 17731.For this we have used the classificationtechniques a classifier is a mapping from X toa discrete set of labels Y [13]. These analysespredict the class label which is based onsupervised learning and provides a collectionof labeled i.e. Pre classified pattern. Theclassification has been used for discoveringthe students' behavior which similarcharacteristics and reaction to a specificpedagogical strategies [14], predictingstudents' performance [15] as well as therelevance of the examination paper in asemester (Regular as well as back papers)involved.
Table 3. Correctly classified and incorrectly classifiedinstances on different classification methods and mode of the test.
We have performed total 6 classificationexperiments on the university data, DecisionTable & REPtree method with three differentTest Mode ( 10 Cross Fold, 75% split, Fulltraining set). Which is shown in table No.3 andfigure No.3.
ClassificationMethod Mode of Test Correctly Classified InstancesIncorrectly Classified Instances
DecisionTable10 fold 14732 51875%splitting3697 124Trainingset14768 482REPtree10 fold 14570 68075%splitting3657 164Trainingset14570 680
71http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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