Any variety of analyzer will consist of these sections:
Sample acquisition and conditioning
Predetermined mixing with the reagents
Measurement (via electrochemical or optical method)
Processing of values (electronic unit-alarms, annunciations)
The mobile ions in the sample tend to movetowards the electrodes.
The ions get reduced at the cathode by chemicalreaction and the necessary electrodes aregenerated at the other end thus leading to flow of electrons (or current) which could then bemeasured and calibrated in terms of ionicconcentration (related by Nernst equation).
the ionization of water changes only with temperature, not withdilute salt concentration.