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The Mythological Hebrew Terms Explained by the Sanskrit

The Mythological Hebrew Terms Explained by the Sanskrit

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Published by Zavier Mainyu

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Published by: Zavier Mainyu on Sep 12, 2012
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Hegeler Institute
THE MYTHOLOGICAL HEBREW TERMS EXPLAINED BY THE SANSKRITAuthor(s): O. Neufchotz de JassyReviewed work(s):Source:
The Monist,
Vol. 18, No. 1 (JANUARY, 1908), pp. 126-142Published by:
Stable URL:
Accessed: 12/09/2012 12:55
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CRITICISMSANDDISCUSSIONS.
THEMYTHOLOGICALHEBREWTERMSEXPLAINEDBYTHESANSKRIT.
AnEssayinComparativePhilologyandMythology.
[Mr.O.Neufchotz deJassy'sarticlepresentsaveryoriginaland noveltheory,thederivationof IsraelitishnotionsandnamesfromSanskritsources.Ifit betrue,itwouldopena newvistatocomparative religionandfolklore,butifitbeamereingeniousconceit,it remainsnonethe lessinterestingandwillevenproveinstructive becauseitteachesushowmanypurely haphazardcoincidencescanbediscoveredifweonlyseekzealouslyforthem,beingpermittedtoadjustthemeversolittletomakethem suittheoccasion. WhatremarkablecombinationscanbefoundintheCabbala,and othermysticbooks!WedonotdeemitlikelythatHebrewscholarswillreadilytaketo M.deJassy'stheory,buttheywillbe astonishedtonotehoweasily,forinstance,thepluralform Elohim which hasgivensomuch troubletoBiblicalexegetescanbechangedintoaveritablesingularwithoutchangingaletterinthetext,simply byamodificationofthevowels,superaddedtothetextbylatergenerations.Andwhataremarkablecoincidence,if such itbe,is thefactthatthenameNoah(inHebrewNowah)mightverywellaccordingtoitssound beaderivativefromthesameAryanrootfromwhichsprangthewordsnauta, sailor,navis,ship, navigare,tosail,etc. !The threeconsonantsN VKcorrespondexactlytotherootofnavigare,NVG,and itwouldnotbeimpossiblethatthePersians,whoare anAryanpeople,called theBabylonianParnapishtim,the hero of theBabylonianDelugelegend,intheirownlanguage"theseafaringone,"and that theJewsadoptedthatname.Atanyratewemayconcedethattheword NoahisnotHebrewand itsderivation fromtheHebrewnoakh*"rest,"isnottenable.WecannotsaythatwehavebecomeconvincedbyM.deJassy,butwetrustthatourreaderswillbeasinterestedas wehavebeen,innotingthesemanysurprisingcoincidences.-ED.]
Iproposetoshowinthisessaythat almosteverymythologicalHebrewterm inGenesisfindsasimilarterm inthemythologyoftheHindus,andthat thesimilarityofthetermshasascorollaryan
 
CRITICISMSANDDISCUSSIONS.
I27
absoluteconcordanceof themyths.Iwill show furtherthatmostoftheHebrewtermsevenoflessimportancearederivedfromSanskritrootsand that thereiswithout doubtanarrowrelationshipbetweentheSanskritand theHebrewlanguages.Theresultsofthisessaymaybeacopiousharvestofsurprises.Manytermswhoseexplanationhas beenmore orless doubtfulwillfindadefinitesolution,othertermswillshowthattheyconflict obviouslywith theprimitivesignificationsscholarshavegiventothem. Thewholemythologicalweb andwoofmaychangeinitsintrinsicform,andpeoplewillbesurprisedtosuddenlyfindthereconstructionofthemythologyoftheHebrews,accidentallylostorintentionallydestroyed.Itmaybe thatscholarswillhesitatetofollowusintheneworientationgiventothe methodsofexplainingwordsandmythsperanalogiam-especiallythose scholarswhosetheologicalconvictions harmonize withtheir scientificconceptions;butbydeeperexamination ofscientific facts andtheresult thatnecessarilyfollows,theycannotbut considerverycurious thesenumerouscoin
cidences.
Letustakeoneortwoexamples:ThewordShadaiorShaddaiistranslatedbyallscholars"thealmighty,"and Elshadai,1"thealmightyGod." Ourmethodperanalogiamwillshowthat this translation isabsolutelyfalse. Morethanthat,itwillshowthatthesimilarityoftheSanskritandtheHebrewwordsrevealsamythologicalfact thatwasunknown untilthepresenttime.Letusseefor instance whence Shadai isderived.Itcomesfrom theverbshadod,2"todestroy."Shadai, then,means"destroyer"and Elshadai,"theGodof
destruction."
Letusnowinvestigatetherootof theverbshadod,whichisshad.What does shadmeaninSanskrit?Tosubdue,tovanquish,todestroy.Hencetherootisthesame.LetusnowseewhatshadiameansinSanskrit.Itmeans"thedestroyer"andisanepithetofShiva.Elshadaiis therefore Shiva-Shadia.Isthisacoincidence?Letusgofurther,letusfollowittoits lastconsequences.LetusseehowtheworshipersofShivaadoredShiva,and howtheworshipersofEl-ShadaiadoredEl-Shadai.Thiscomparisonwillbe themoreinterestingbecauseithasneverbeforebeenundertaken.
1bx
2-nfc

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