The Steam Turbine
A steam turbine is a mechanical device that extracts thermalenergy from pressurized steam, and converts it into rotary motion. Itsmodern manifestation was invented by Sir Charles Parsons in 1884.Definitions of
turbine in which steam strikes blades and makes them turn
steam turbine is a mechanical device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam, and converts it into rotary motion. Its modern manifestationwas invented by Sir Charles Parsons in 1884.
system of angled and shaped blades arranged on a rotor through which steamis passed to generate rotational energy. Today, normally used in power stations
device for converting energy of high-pressure steam (produced in a boiler) intomechanical power which can then be used to generate electricity.
uipment unit flown through by steam, used to convert the energy of the steaminto rotational energy.
A machine for generating mechanical power in rotary motion from theenergy of steam at temperature and pressure above that of an availablesink. By far the most widely used and most powerful turbines are thosedriven by steam. Until the 1960s essentially all steam used in
was raised in boilers burning fossil fuels (coal, oil, and gas) or, in minorquantities, certain waste products. However, modern turbine technologyincludes nuclear steam plants as well as production of steam supplies fromother sources.The illustration shows a small, simple mechanical-drive turbine of afew
. It illustrates the essential parts for all steam turbinesregardless of rating or complexity: (1) a casing, or shell, usually divided atthe horizontal center line, with the
bolted together for ease of assemblyand disassembly; it contains the stationary blade system; (2) a rotorcarrying the moving buckets (blades or vanes) either on wheels or drums,with bearing journals on the ends of the rotor; (3) a set of bearings attachedto the casing to support the shaft; (4) a governor and valve system forregulating the speed and power of the turbine by controlling the steam flow,and an oil system for lubrication of the bearings and, on all but the smallestmachines, for operating the control valves by a relay system connected with