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Copleston, III

Copleston, III

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A
HISTORY
OFPHILOSOPHY
 
A HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
by
Frederick Copleston, S.J.
VOLUME
I:
GREECE
AND
ROME
From
the
Pre-Socratics
to
Plotinus
VOLUME
II:
MEDIEVAL
PHILOSOPHY
From Augustine
to
Duns Scotus
VOLUME
III:
LATE
MEDIEVAL AND RENAISSANCE
PHILOSOPHY
Ockham,
Francis Bacon,
andthe
Beginning of
the
Modern World
VOLUME
IV:
MODERN
PHILOSOPHY
From Descartes
to
Leibniz
VOLUME
V:
MODERN PHILOSOPHY
The British Philosophers from Hobbes
to Hume
VOLUME
VI:
MODERN PHILOSOPHY
From
theFrench Enlightenment to
Kant
VOLUME
VII:
MODERN PHILOSOPHY
From
the
Post-Kantian Idealists
to
Marx, Kierkegaard,
and
Nietzsche
VOLUME
VIII:
MODERNPHILOSOPHY
Empiricism, Idealism,
and
Pragmatism in Britain
and America
VOLUME
IX:
MODERN
PHILOSOPHY
From
the French
Revolution
to
Sartre, Camus,
and
Levi-Strauss
A
HISTORY
OFPHILOSOPHY
VOLUME
VIII
Modern Philosophy:Empiricism, Idealism, andPragmatism in Britain
and
America
Frederick Copleston, S.J.
~,
:=
IMAGE
BOOKS
DOUBLEDAY
New
York London Toronto Sydney Auckland
 
AN
IMAGE
BOOK
PUBLISHED
BY
DOUBLEDAYa division of
Bantam
Doubleday Dell Publishing Group, Inc.
1540
Broadway, New York, New York
10036
IMAGE, DOUBLEDAY,
and the
portrayal of a
deer
drinking from a
stream
are
trademarks
of Doubleday, a division of
Bantam
Doubleday DellPublishing Group, Inc.First Image Books edition of Volume VIII of
A HistDry
DJ
PhilDsDphy
published
1967 by special
arrangement
with
The
Newman Press
and
Burns
&
Oates, Ltd.This Image
edition published
March 1994.De
Licentia
SuperiDrum Ordinis:
J. Corbishley, S.J., Vice-Praep.
Provo
Angliae
SDC.
Jesu
Nihil Obstat:
T.
Gornall, S.J.,
CensorDeputatus
Imprimatur:
JDseph Cleary, EpiscDpus
Cresimensis,
Vic. Cap. Birmingamiae die
25a Junii 1965
Library
Df
Congress CataIDging-in-Publication DataCopleston,
Frederick
Charles.A histDry
Df
philDsDphy.Includes bibliDgraphical
references
and
indexes.
Contents:
v.
1.
Greece
and
Rome-[etc.)-
v.
7.
FrDm
the
post-Kant
an
idealists to Marx,Kierkegaard,
and Nietzsche-v.
8. Empiricism, idealism,
and
pragmatism
in Britain
and
America-v.
9.
From
the
French
RevolutiDn
tD
Sartre, Camus,
and
Levi-Strauss.
1.
Phiiosophy-HistDry.
I.
Title.B72.C62 1993
190
92-34997ISBN 0-385-47045-2Volume VIII copyright
©
1966 by Frederick
CDplestDn
All Rights Reserved
PRINTED
IN
THE UNITED
STATES OF
AMERICA
1 3 5 7 9
10
8 6 4 2
CONTENTS
PREFACEACKNOWLEDGMENTS
PART
I
BRITISH EMPIRICISM
I.
THE
UTIUTARIAN
MOVEMENT
(1)
II.
III.
IV.V.
Introductory remarks-The life and
writings
of
Bentham-The
principles
of
Benthamism, followed by some critical comments
-The
life and
writings
of lames Mill-Altruism and theassociationist psychology;
Mill
s polemic
against
Mackintoah
J
mes
Mill
on the mind-Remarks on Benthamite economics.
THE
UTILITARIAN MOVEMENT
(2)
Life and
writings
of J. S. Mill-Mill's development of theutilitarian ethics-Mill on civil liberty and
government-
Psychological freedom.
J.
S.
MILL: LoGIC AND EMPIlUCISM
Introductory remarks-Names and
pr~tiOD8,
real
and
verbal-The
nature of mathematics-Sy ogistic reasoDing-Induction and the principle
of
the uniformity
of
Nature-The
law
of causation-Experimental
inquiry
and
deduction-
Method
in the
Moral
Sciences-Matter as a permanent
possi-
bility of aenaationa-The analysis of mind and the spectre ofsolipsism-Mill on religion
and
natural theology.
EMPIlUCISTS, AGNOSTICS, POSITIVISTS
Alexander
Bam
and the associationist psychology-Bam
on
utilitarianism-Henry Sid 'ck's combination of utilitarianismand intuitionism-Charlea
~
and the philosophy of evolu-
tion-T.
H. Huxley; evolution, ethics and
agnosticism-
Scientific materialism and agnosticism; John Tyndall
and
Leslie
Stephen-G.
{j:
Romanea and
~n-Poaitivism;
theComtist groups,
G.
.
Lewes,
W.
K.
.
ord,
K.
Pearson-
B.
Kidd;
concluding
remarks.
THE
PmLOSOPHY
OF
HERBERT SPENCER
Life
and
writings-
The
nature
of
philosophy and its
basic
con-cepts and principles-The general
law
of
evolution:
the
alternation of
evolution
and
dissolution-5ociology andpolitics-Relative and absolute
ethica-The
Unknowable in
religion
and
acienc&-Final
comments.
v
Page
ix
xi
I
255093
121

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