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Building Frame

# Building Frame

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02/10/2014

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Building Frame
Workshop 5Beam Modeling
INOTOAP2INOTOAINOTOAINOTOA-P2P2P2
Workshop Supplement
2/21
5. Beam Modeling
Building Frame
Determine the deflections and stresses in a building framedue to gravity and a "snow load" of 0.25 psi.
Given: A database file containing the geometry withmaterial properties defined.

INOTOAP2INOTOAINOTOAINOTOA-P2P2P2
Workshop Supplement
3/21
5. Beam Modeling
Building Frame
1.Enter ANSYS in the working directory specified by your instructor using “bldg”as the jobname.2.Resume the “bldg_geom.db1”database file, then plot lines to see the completegeometry.
INOTOAP2INOTOAINOTOAINOTOA-P2P2P2
Workshop Supplement
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5. Beam Modeling
Building Frame
3.Define three I-beam sections and one box-beam section, then save the database.
– Main Menu > Preprocessor > Sections > Beam > Common Sectns
ID = 1, Name = column, Sub-Type =
I
W1 = 12, W2 = 12, W3 = 12.12, t1 = 0.605, t2 = 0.605, t3 = 0.39
[Apply]
ID = 2, Name = girder, Sub-Type =
I
W1 = 10.425, W2 = 10.425, W3 = 16.97, t1 = 0.985, t2 = 0.985, t3= 0.585
[Apply]
ID = 3, Name = beam, Sub-Type =
I
W1 = 6.535, W2 = 6.535, W3 = 8.06, t1 = 0.465, t2 = 0.465, t3 = 0.285
[Apply]
ID = 4, Name = peak, Sub-Type =
(hollow rectangle)
W1 = 6, W2 = 6, t1 = 0.25, t2 = 0.25, t3 = 0.25, t4 = 0.25
[OK]
Toolbar > SAVE_DB

INOTOAP2INOTOAINOTOAINOTOA-P2P2P2
Workshop Supplement
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5. Beam Modeling
Building Frame
3.(cont'd)
Or issue:/PREP7SECTYPE,1,BEAM,I,COLUMNSECDATA,12,12,12.12,.605,.605,.39SECTYPE,2,BEAM,I,GIRDERSECDATA,10.425,10.425,16.97,.985,.985,.585SECTYPE,3,BEAM,I,BEAMSECDATA,6.535,6.535,8.06,.465,.465,.285SECTYPE,4,BEAM,HREC,PEAKSECDATA,6,6,.25,.25,.25,.25,0,0,0,0SAVE
INOTOAP2INOTOAINOTOAINOTOA-P2P2P2
Workshop Supplement
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5. Beam Modeling
Building Frame102
4.Mesh the vertical lines with "column" beams.
– Utility Menu > WorkPlane> Change Active CS to > Global Cartesian – Utility Menu > Select > Entities...
Choose Lines, By Location, Z Coordinates; Min, Max = 0, 119
From Full, [Apply], [Plot]
– Main Menu > Preprocessor > Meshing > MeshTool
Element Attributes: set to [Lines] and press [Set]
–
[Pick All]
–
MAT = 1, TYPE = 1, SECT = 1, Pick Orientation keypoints = Yes, [OK]
–
Enter 102 in the picking menu for orientation keypoint and pressthe Enter key, then[OK]
Size Controls: Lines: press [Set]
–
[Pick All]
–
NDIV = 4, then [OK]
Mesh: set to [Lines] and press [Mesh]
–
[Pick All]
– Utility Menu > PlotCtrls> Style > Size and Shape ...
/ESHAPE = ON
[OK]