What is Global Information Technology?The emerging sub-discipline of Global Information Technology (GIT) is also referred to within theInformation Systems (IS) discipline as Global Information Technology Management, as InternationalInformation Systems, and as Global Management Information Systems.GIT encompasses multiple levels of analysis:
the nation(s), or international policy-making body.
the firm(s), the MultiNational Enterprise (MNE) or the IT vendors
the group(s) or team(s)
the technology overlayReferent Disciplines: Clearly, these five levels of analysis look to numerous referent disciplines: PoliticalScience, Economics, Law, Management, International Business, Human-computer interface, Cross-cultural studies, Sociology, Psychology, Telecommunications, Computer Science.Motivation for the emergence of the GIT sub-discipline.The obvious reason: the 1980s brought about increased levels of business globalization, internationaltrade and competitiveness, and corresponding use of IT on a global basis including increased systemsintegration and convergence.The not-so obvious reason: GIT is a result of the traditional US-centric discipline of IS that has awoken tothe practical and intellectual needs of examining IS (and IT) in the global context, rather than as a genericcountry-agnostic construct, or one in which US issues dominate the research agenda. This is why, in part,one finds "IT in country X," or "IT in (non-US firm) Y" as a legitimate area of research in GIT...at thisstage.A third reason relates to the impact of culture on the development, implementation and use of IT aroundthe world. With the move away from ethnocentrism, so increaseed attention is being paid to the impactsthat culture, in its myriad variations, exerts.Agenda & Issues. Two important articles that define GIT research follow. Noteworthy here is that whilethe first article's largest level of analysis is the firm (or set of firms) the second article lists four issues thatare the national level of analysis.