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104290072 Historical Film Preservation Guide

104290072 Historical Film Preservation Guide

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Published by: sijinvincent on Sep 14, 2012
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National Film Preservation FoundationSan Francisco, California
T
HE
F
ILM
P
RESERVATION
G
UIDE
THE BASICS FOR ARCHIVES
,
LIBRARIES
,
AND MUSEUMS
 
National Film Preservation Foundation870 Market Street,Suite 1113San Francisco,CA 94102© 2004 by the National Film Preservation FoundationLibrary of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataThe film preservation guide :the basics for archives,libraries,and museums.p.cm.Includes bibliographical references and index.ISBN 0-9747099-0-5 (alk.paper)1.Motion picture film—Preservation.I.National Film Preservation Foundation (U.S.)TR886.3F58 2003778.58dc222003024032CIPThis publication was made possible through a grant from The Andrew W.Mellon Foundation.Itmay be downloaded as a PDF file from the National Film Preservation Foundation Web site:www.filmpreservation.org.
Credits
Except as noted below,all photographs were provided by Barbara Galasso and the L.Jeffrey SelznickSchool of Film Preservation at George Eastman House.The following contributed illustrations andtext material:American Museum of Natural History (94),Anonymous (67),California Pacific MedicalCenter (57),Chace Productions Inc.(12 center and right),Duke University (48 top),Estate of EdithLutyens Bel Geddes and the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center at the University of Texas atAustin (84),Florida Moving Image Archive (91),Image Permanence Institute at the Rochester Instituteof Technology (10 top),Library of Congress (48 bottom,51,63,87),Minnesota Historical Society(92),National Center for Jewish Film (90),Nebraska State Historical Society (69,73,74),NortheastHistoric Film (back cover,62 bottom,76,85),Oklahoma Historical Society (5),Pacific Film Archive atthe University of California at Berkeley (back cover),Sabucat Productions (93),UCLA Film and Tele-vision Archive (86),University of Alaska Fairbanks (40),University of South Carolina Newsfilm Library(89),Visual Communications (58).Typesetting by David WellsCopyediting by Sylvia TanPrinted in the USA by Great Impressions
 
PrefaceviiAcknowledgmentsixHow to Use This Guidexi
1.W
HY
P
RESERVE
F
ILM
?
1.1 The Community of Film Archives11.2 Orphan Films21.3 The Language of Film Preservation3Preservation3Conservation4Duplication4Restoration4Access4Case Study:Oklahoma Historical Society5
2. U
NDERSTANDING
F
ILM AND
H
OW
I
T
D
ECAYS
2.1 Film Gauges635mm616mm7Regular 8mm and Super 8mm7Other gauges82.2 Inside the Film Stock8Film bases8Nitrate8Acetate9Polyester9Emulsion92.3 Negative,Print,and Reversal Films102.4 Color in Film112.5 Sound Tracks122.6 Common Types of Decay and Damage13Mechanical damage13Mold,mildew,and fungus13Acetate decay (vinegar syndrome)14Shrinkage15Color fading15Nitrate decay16Magnetic track deterioration17
T
ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS

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