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India Vision 2020

India Vision 2020

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Published by: RAGHUBALAN DURAIRAJU on Sep 15, 2012
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Report of the Committee on
IndiaVision 2020
Dr. S. P. Gupta
Planning CommissionGovernment of India New DelhiDECEMBER, 2002
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Every country needs a vision statement which stirs the imagination and motivates all segments of society to greater effort. It is an essential step in building a political consensus on a broad national devel-opment strategy, which encompasses, inter-alia, the roles and responsibilities of different agents in theeconomy, such as Central, State and local government, the private corporate sector, the small and tinysector, people’s organisations etc. It must identify the potential risks and bottlenecks and their possiblesolutions in order to mobilise efforts in a focussed manner. It is clear, therefore, that to meet these objec-tives, a vision statement has to operate at several levels of generality and specificity.In order to address these issues, among others, the Planning Commission constituted a Committeeon Vision 2020 for India in June 2000 under the chairmanship of Dr. S.P. Gupta, Member, PlanningCommission. This initiative brought together over 30 experts from different fields. Their deliberations,extending over a period of more than two years, has helped to throw up a range of interesting possibilities,critical issues and crucial decision-points for government and private bodies for future action.The Report of the Committee examines many important issues, but the ones that stand out most powerfully are employment and education. In order to ensure access to food and other essentials of ahealthy life for all citizens, India faces the challenge of generating 200 million new employment opportuni-ties over the next two decades. This report calls for raising employment generation to the top of thenation’s development agenda and marshalling all available resources to create employment opportunitiesfor all job-seekers. It goes even further by identifying the sectors which offer the greatest potential for jobcreation as well as critical policy issues that need to be addressed in order to fully tap that potential.Education is the second main thrust area of this document. Greater coverage and better qualityeducation at all levels from basic literacy to hi-tech science and technology is the essential prerequisite for raising agricultural productivity and industrial quality, spurring growth of India’s budding IT and biotech-nology sectors, stimulating growth of manufactured and service exports, improving health and nutrition,domestic stability and quality of governance. The report calls for concerted efforts to abolish illiteracy,achieve 100 per cent enrolment at primary and secondary levels, and broaden access to higher educationand vocational training through both traditional and non-traditional delivery systems.
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( K. C. Pant )
ivThe document also examines issues related to population growth, food production, health, vulner-able sections of the population, transport, communication, energy self-sufficiency, water conservation andair quality, trade investment, peace, security and governance. It gives projections of India in 2020 in business as usual and in the best case scenario in various important sectors and also identifies nodal pointsof Indian prosperity. Its central conclusion is that India has the opportunity to emerge as one of the world’sleading economies over the next two decades, provided her citizens have the self-confidence, the self-reliance, the will and the determination to realise their individual and collective potentials.The turn of a century, and most especially the beginning of a new millennium, is an appropriate timefor reflecting on the unfinished tasks of nation-building and the country’s future possibilities, and placingthe present Tenth Plan in tune with a Vision document. I commend the Vision 2020 Committee andespecially Dr. S.P. Gupta for preparing this document that will provide a framework and perspective for those in government and the private sector who are tasked with formulating initiatives for national prosper-ity. I hope that this document will arouse public interest and debate which will help us to refine it further inthe years to come.
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