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1923 CAJ V58 n6

1923 CAJ V58 n6

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THE COAST ARTILLERY JOURNAL
(PUBLISHED AS THE JOURNAL UNITED STATES ARTILLERY FROM 1892 TO JUNE. 1922)
Copyright 
1923
by Coast Arl1llery Journal
Vol. 58.
No.6
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOR
JUNE,~1923
Whole No. 202
1111.11111 111111 1111111111.11 11111.11 11•111111 11111 11•111.111 IIIIIU I.. I•I 1 I.
547524544
540554555556
557563
565566
567
534
THE FIELD OFFICERS' CLASS, C. A. SCHOOL, 1923 ,
(Frontispiece)
THE DARDANELLES EXPEDITION 489By LIEUT. COLONELV,'ALTERH. JOHNSON, INFANTRY, (D. O.
L.
HEAVY TRACTOR ARTILLERY IN ITS RELATION TO COASTDEFENSE .By MAJOR G. RALPH MEYER, C. A. C.OBSERVATION GRILL FOR AKTIAIRCRAFT ARTILLERY .By CAPTAINAARONBRADSHAW,JR., C. A. C.A UNIVERSAL PAKORAMIC SIGHT .By 1ST LIEUTENANT F. V,T.GERHARD,JR., C. A. C.A PISTOL RACK FOR NATIONAL GUARD ARMORIES .By CAPTAINV,TILLIAMJ. SMITH, C. A. C.COAST FORTS IN COLON'IAL N'EW HAMPSHIRE .By MAJOR ROBERT ARTHUR, C. A. C.EDITORIAL:Short Talks for Use in Training ."Step on the Self-Commencer" .General Pershing Indorses Boy Scout Movement .COAST ARTILLERY BOARD NOTES .THE BEATEN ZONE:Employment of Heavy Artillery-Problem No. 11-A Solution.Employment of Heavy Artillery-Problem No. 12 .THE BULLETIN BOARD .BOOK REVIE\YS .
UIlIIlIlIIIJIIJlU .. II•I1 UIlIl.IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII III.. IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII IIU 1111111 1111111111 11.1111111111.111 .
Published monthly under supervision of the Commandant ... oast Artillery School. by directionof the Chief of Coast Artillery. for the instruction of the Coast Artillery Corps, Reserve Officers andthe National Guard.Entered at the Post Office at Fortress Monroe. Va.• as second class matter. Acceptance formailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3. 1917, authorizedMay 8.1923. All subscriptions payable in advance.Subscription rales:Yearly Domestic ..................................................$3.00Canada __. __ __. .. __ 3.2.,Countries in the postal union __ 3..,0Single numbersDomestic. .__.__ __. 0.50Foreign __. __ __ 0.60Remittances, articles intended for publication. and communications relating to the ill,magementshould be addressed COASTARTILLERYJOURNAL,Fort Monroe, Virginia.Authors alone are responsible for statements in contributed articles.
 It is earnestly reque..ted that prompt information be given of changes of address, orfailure to receipthe JOURNAL. Both old an
new
addresses should 
be 
given.
"-1fA.JORF. S. CLARK,C. A. C., Manager and Editor.CAPTAINNELSONDINGLEY,3RD,C. A. C., A.si...tant Editor.
C. A. S~HOOL FT. MONROE.
VA ..
5--15--23-1525.
 
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The
Coast Artillery Journal
11.111••• 111111111111.1.1111 ••• 11111"",,1 .. 111.111111... 1.1... 1••1111.111••••• 11...... 1111..... 1••• 11••11•111...... 11••111.111••• 11.1111••111.... 1111.1111.....
Vol. 58 No.6
JUNE,I923
Whole No. 202
.1111.. IIIU•••••• II••U 1U•••••II.II ••IU••U••III.II.II •••1111111••1111"".1 •••111••1111••'1111111111111"".1.11111111 ••1I1 UI.UI.III
u••••
The Dardanelles Expedition
 By Lieut. Colonel Walter H. Johnson, Infantry, (D.
O.
L.)
 Editor's Note.~
This paper isthe first in aseries ofstudies prepared by studentofficersin the Command Course, Army \\'ar College, 1922-1923, and which the
J01:JRNAL
has been so fortunate as to secure through the consent of the Com-mandant, Army vVarCollege, and the authors of the several papers,
THE NARRATIVE
"In war nothing isgot but by calculation; anythingnot thought out in all its details effectsno results."
(Napoleon's War 1vlaxims).
PREFACE
ACTS only are presented in the following. These were culledfromwhat were considered to be the most reliable ofthe sourcesnamed in the accompanying bibliography. For the sake oclearness, the comments, criticisms, opinions and deductions arepresented inthe "Discussion" and are, therefore, omitted inthe narrative.In the latter, however, one may readily see the growth of the idea con-cerning the Dardanelles Expedition; the lack of up to date and com-pleted plans prepared by competent military and naval advisers, i.e.,the completed calculation alluded to by Napoleon.
If,
from the following, the r~ader's mind is refreshed concerning thelarger sun:ey of the causes and conduct of the Expedition or if he be-comes oriented in the broader phases of the operations under discussionand at the same time grasps the meaning of General Callwell's terseremark:
"*
*
We drifted into the big military attack.
* *"
(*)
the main object of this narrative will have been accomplished. Carefulrecord of the authority for each statement herein presented has beenretained and is available as it must be admitted that some are open, it
("') General Call-wellwas Director of the :!\.lilitaryOperations Department otthe British War Office.
(489)

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