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Development Challenges, South-South Solutions: July 2012 Issue

Development Challenges, South-South Solutions: July 2012 Issue

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Published by David South
Development Challenges, South-South Solutions is the monthly e-newsletter for the United Nations Development Programme’s South-South Cooperation Unit (www.southerninnovator.org). It has been published every month since 2006.

ISSN 2227-3905

Stories by David South

Contact the Unit (www.southerninnovator.org) to receive a copy of the new global magazine Southern Innovator. Issues 1 and 2 are out now and are about innovators in mobile phone and information technologies and youth and entrepreneurship. Issue 3 will be released soon and is about agriculture and food security. Why not consider sponsoring or advertising in an issue of Southern Innovator?

Follow @SouthSouth1

In this issue:

African Innovation Eco-system Taking Shape
African Fuel Pioneer Uses Crisis to Innovate
Indian Entrepreneur Brings Dignity to Poor Women
Turning Human Waste to Fertilizer: An African Solution
East Africa to get its First Dedicated Technology City
Development Challenges, South-South Solutions is the monthly e-newsletter for the United Nations Development Programme’s South-South Cooperation Unit (www.southerninnovator.org). It has been published every month since 2006.

ISSN 2227-3905

Stories by David South

Contact the Unit (www.southerninnovator.org) to receive a copy of the new global magazine Southern Innovator. Issues 1 and 2 are out now and are about innovators in mobile phone and information technologies and youth and entrepreneurship. Issue 3 will be released soon and is about agriculture and food security. Why not consider sponsoring or advertising in an issue of Southern Innovator?

Follow @SouthSouth1

In this issue:

African Innovation Eco-system Taking Shape
African Fuel Pioneer Uses Crisis to Innovate
Indian Entrepreneur Brings Dignity to Poor Women
Turning Human Waste to Fertilizer: An African Solution
East Africa to get its First Dedicated Technology City

More info:

Published by: David South on Sep 16, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Hnw tn fdbrkjsk thk rjtk no fddnvjtfnd fd Jorfbj> Jdm spkbfofbjiiy, fddnvjtfnd thjt jbtujiiy faprnvks pknpik's ifvks jdm rkmubks pnvkrty> Ft fs j hjrm qukstfnd tn jdswkr, `ut snak jrk puttfdl fd pijbk thk `ufimfdl `inbgs no j 0:st bkdtury fddnvjtfnd buiturk `y rfmfdl thk fdonrajtfnd tkbhdninly rkvniutfnd js ft rniis jbrnss Jorfbj. ]hk trjdsonrajtfvk stnry no an`fik phndks fd Jorfbj hjs bjpturkm thk jttkdtfnd no thk wnrim. ]kbhdninlfks ifgk an`fik phndk pjyakdt systkas mkvkinpkm fd Jorfbj jrk dnw `kfdl rniikm nut jrnudm thk lin`k. @ut thkrk fs anrk tn bnak js udmkrskj bj`iks fdbrkjsk thk bnaaudfbjtfnd ifdgs `ktwkkd Jorfbjd djtfnds jdm thk rkst no thk wnrim. Dkw udmkrskj bj`iks fdbiumfdl ]KJAs, Rkjbna jdm Kjstkrd Jorfbj Ru`ajrfdk Bj`ik Rystka (KJRRy) (kjssy.nrl) jrk vjstiy fdbrkjsfdl thk bndtfdkdt's Fdtkrdkt bjpjbfty jdm `jdmwfmth (http3//kd.wfgfpkmfj.nrl/wfgf/@jdmwfmth^%08bnaputfdl%06). ]hksk bnaaudfbjtfnds ifdgs wfii rkvniutfndfzk thk typk jdm sbjik no fddnvjtfnd thjt bjd hjppkd fd Jorfbj. Js wk`sftks ifgk JorfLjmlkt (jorfljmlkt.bna) japiy prnvk, thkrk fs jirkjmy jd kdtrkdbhkm mn-ft-ynurskio fddnvjtfnd buiturk hjrmwfrkm fdtn mjfiy ifok nd thk bndtfdkdt. \hfik faprkssfvkiy rksnurbkoui jdm j`ik tn ajgk thk anst no notkd vkry ifttik, thfs fddnvjtfnd buiturk fs notkd bndofdkm tn j djrrnw lknlrjphfbji jrkj. Jdm thfs fs thk mfookrkdbk thk dkw fdonrajtfnd tkbhdninlfks wfii ajgk3 ]hky wfii jiinw thfs kdkrlktfb jdm rksnurbkoui fddnvjtnrs' buiturk tn mkvkinp `usfdkssks jdm `usfdkss anmkis thjt bjd rkjbh `kyndm djrrnw lknlrjphfbji pjrjaktkrs. Dkw tkbhdninlfks wfii jisn jbbkikrjtk thk sprkjm no dkw fmkjs jdm sniutfnds. Jbrnss thk bndtfdkdt, wjys jdm akjds jrk `kfdl stftbhkm tnlkthkr thjt kdj`ik pknpik tn trjdsbkdm `nrmkrs, nim mfvfsfnds jdm n`stjbiks tn bnddkbt wfth ifgk-afdmkm bniij`nrjtnrs, skkg nut oudmfdl jdm tjgk fmkjs orna mrkjas tn sbhkaks jdm kvkdtujiiy tn bndtfdkdt- jdm wnrim-strjmmifdl ikvkis. Jbbnrmfdl tn thk Mkinfttk 05:: Kjst Jorfbj Urfvjtk Kqufty Bndofmkdbk Rurvky3 Urnafsfdl 05:0, "Ajdy fdvkstnrs skk Kjst Jorfbj's strndl lrnwth pntkdtfji js j mrfvkr no `kttkr fdvkstakdt pkronrajdbk thjd fd Rnuth Jorfbj3 ]hfs fs j hulk shfot fd prfvjtk kqufty jttftumks tnwjrm Jorfbj, whfbh hjvk `kkd hfstnrfbjiiy onbuskm nd Rnuth Jorfbj. Kjst Jorfbjd fdvkstakdt pntkdtfji fs skkd js rnulhiy nd pjr wfth \kst Jorfbj, whkrk sfafijr lrnwth mydjafbs jrk jt pijy." Fmkdtfoyfdl thk kikakdts thjt jrk ajgfdl thfs fddnvjtfnd buiturk oinurfsh bjak udmkr jdjiysfs fd j rkbkdt pnst nd thk Jorfddnvjtnr wk`sftk (jorfddnvjtnr.bna). Jorfddnvjtnr fs mkmfbjtkm tn "tkiifdl thk stnrfks no Jorfbjd stjrtups, Jorfbjd fddnvjtfnd, Jorfbjd ajmk tkbhdninly, Jorfbjd tkbh kdtrkprkdkurshfp jdm kdtrkprkdkurs." \hfik ft fs wkii gdnwd thjt dkw fdorjstrubturk, `kttkr lnvkrdjdbk, dkw pnifbfks, jdm dkw skrvfbks ifgk an`fik phndks jdm an`fik andky hjvk ajmk j `fl mfookrkdbk fd shfotfdl pkrbkptfnds no Jorfbj orna mkspjfr tn nptfafsa, Jorfddnvjtnr onudm thkrk wkrk nthkr gky fdlrkmfkdts tn thfs fddnvjtfnd rkdjfssjdbk.
Cuiy 05:0
 
Fd thfs fssuk3
Jorfbjd Fddnvjtfnd Kbn-systka ]jgfdl Rhjpk Jorfbjd Ouki Ufndkkr [sks Brfsfs tn Fddnvjtk
 
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Jorfddnvjtnr jrluks thkrk jrk onur kikakdts thjt hjvk bnak tnlkthkr tn bhjdlk bfrbuastjdbks onr fddnvjtnrs nd thk bndtfdkdt3 kmubjtfnd, akdtnrfdl jdm fdbu`jtnrs, oudmfdl, jdm shnwbjsk kvkdts. Jorfddnvjtnr onudm kmubjtfnd wjs brftfbji tn thk qujifty no kakrlfdl tkbhdninlfbji fddnvjtfnds. Fdonrajtfnd jdm bnaaudfbjtfnd tkbhdninly (FB]) kmubjtfnd hjs anvkm orna cust bnaputkr sbfkdbk bnursks tn j vjst jrrjy no nptfnds, orna `jbhkinrs mklrkks tn ajstkrs prnlrjaaks. Onr akdtnrfdl jdm fdbu`jtnrs, Jorfddnvjtnr onudm hu`s jdm fdbu`jtnrs jrk prnvfmfdl pijbks onr ynudl kmubjtkm pknpik tn ln jdm lkt mnwd tn wnrg. Kxjapiks fdbiumk fHu` (http3//fhu`.bn.gk/pjlks/hnak.php), aIj` Kjst Jorfbj (http3//aij`.bn.gk/pjlks/hnak.php), bbHu` (Bn-Brkjtfnd Hu` Dflkrfj) (http3//bbhu`dflkrfj.bna/j`nut-bbhu`/), Iusjgj, Sja`fj's @ndlnhfvk (`ndlnhfvk.bna), fIj` Jorfbj (http3//fij`jorfbj.jb.gk/) DjfIj` (http3//djfij`.bn.gk/) f@fm Ij`s (http3//f`fmij`s.bna/) jdm [ljdmj's HfvkBnij` (http3//hfvkbnij`.nrl/), jandl nthkrs. ]hksk pijbks nookr ifgk-afdmkm okiinwshfp jdm jbbkss tn akdtnrs tn tjgk thka nd thk cnurdky orna "fmkj tn vfj`ik prnoftj`ik `usfdkss." Jbbnrmfdl tn @usfdkss Mjfiy Jorfbj, "]hkrk jrk anrk thjd 2,555 snotwjrk mkvkinpkrs whn hjvk bnak up wfth `nth an`fik jdm pkrsndji bnaputkr-`jskm snotwjrk jppifbjtfnds thjt jrk bhjdlfdl ifvks jbrnss thk bndtfdkdt." J trjdsonrajtfnd fd oudmfdl jbbkss hjs skkd j rkdjfssjdbk fd dkw thfdgfdl thjt fs trjdsonrafdl tkbh stjrt-ups fdtn vfj`ik `usfdkssks. Gkdyj hjs thk Gkdyj FB] @njrm (http3//www.fbt.ln.gk/) jdm ft jwjrms [R $;5,555 thrnulh fts ]jdmjj lrjdt prnlrjaak (https3//sftks.lnnlik.bna/j/fbt.ln.gk/tjdmjj/). @kbjusk no thfs kdthusfjstfb inbji suppnrt, thk \nrim @jdg fs dnw bnaafttfdl j [R $;; afiifnd lrjdt tjrlktfdl Gkdyj's tkbhdninly fddnvjtnrs tn `k mfstrf`utkm thrnulh thk Gkdyj FB] @njrm. Kjst Jorfbj jisn sjw :? dkw fdvkstnr oudms ijudbh fd 05:: jindk. ]hky fdbiumk kjriy-stjlk fdvkstnr oudms ifgk k_kdturks Oudm Jorfbj (k_J) (http3//www.kvj-oudm.bna/), whfbh bjiis ftskio "thk ofrst vkdturk bjpftji ofra fdvkstfdl fd Jorfbjd RAK's jbtfvk fd mflftji akmfj." Jdnthkr fs Gkdyj-`jskm 88aph (http3//www.huajdfpn.bna/88aph), wfth fts "onbus nd stjrtups tjrlktfdl thk Kjst Jorfbjd an`fik jdm wk` ajrgkt." Fd Gkdyj, thk \nrim @jdg andky wfii `k uskm tn hkip tkbhdninly mkvkinpkrs `rfdl tn ajrgkt sfapik sniutfnds fd hkjith jdm kmubjtfnd. Jbbnrmfdl tn thk \nrim @jdg (http3//tfdyuri.bna/ba2l0ro 
), ’Gkdyj hjs put fd pijbk thk skbndm
-ojstkst `rnjm`jdm nd thk bndtfdkdt (jotkr Lhjdj), whfbh hjs rkmubkm thk whniksjik fdtkrdkt bjpjbfty prfbks `y nvkr 65% jdm fdbrkjskm fdtkrdkt pkdktrjtfnd orna 2% tn 2<% no thk pnpuijtfnd fd thk pjst mkbjmk. ]nmjy, j`nut 65% no Gkdyjd jmuits hjvk nr hjvk thk usk no j an`fik phndk." Jdm thk ofdji ljak-bhjdlkr, jbbnrmfdl tn Jorfddnvjtnr, fs "shnwbjsk kvkdts." ]hksk kvkdts lfvk fdvkstnrs jdm pntkdtfji pjrtdkrs thk nppnrtudfty tn akkt stjrt-ups jdm kxpinrk thkfr dkw fmkjs. Kxjapiks fdbiumk MKAN (http3//www.mkan.bna/khnak/fdmkx.php>kvkdtfm106=:=&) - whfbh bnddkbts thk fmkj pknpik wfth thk andky pknpik - jdm Ufvnt Kjst fd Kjst Jorfbj (http3//pfvntkjst.bna/). Ufvnt Kjst prnvfmks 0; tkbhdninly kdtrkprkdkurs wfth thk nppnrtudfty tn ajgk j pftbh fd orndt no fdvkstnrs. MKAN fs wnrgfdl wfth [RJFM, Afbrnsnot, Dngfj jdm nthkrs tn ijudbh MKAN Jorfbj fd Djfrn`f, Gkdyj orna 0: tn 00 Nbtn`kr 05:0. Jorfddnvjtnr bndbiumks3 "]hfs fs thk ijst vfrlfd tkbh ijdmsbjpk ikot nd thk pijdkt. ]hk `kst tfak tn `kbnak j pijykr fd thk Jorfbjd tkbhdninly fddnvjtfnd kbnsystka fs dnw."
IFDGR3
:) Pkjm anrk j`nut Jorfbj‖s kvn
ivfdl fddnvjtfnd systka.
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 http3//jorfddnvjtnr.bna/`inl/05:0/5?/:2/thk-fddnvjtfnd-kbnsystka-fd-kjst-jorfbj/ 0) Rnuthkrd Fddnvjtnr3 Vnuth jdm Kdtrkprkdkurshfp Fssuk.
\k`sftk3
http3//www.sbrf`m.bna/mnb/8?=;:5;</Rnuthkrd-Fddnvjtnr-Ajljzfdk-Fssuk-0
 
2) Rnuthkrd Fddnvjtnr3 An`fik Uhndks jdm Fdonrajtfnd ]kbhdninly Fssuk.
\k`sftk3
 http3//www.sbrf`m.bna/mnb/;<685=5?/Rnuthkrd-Fddnvjtnr-Ajljzfdk-Fssuk-:
=) Dntks orna ‘[dmkrstjdmfdl @rnjm`jdm Mkajdm fd Jorfbj3 Fdtkrdkt Lnfdl An`fik‖.
\k`sftk3
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 mkinfttk.bna
 
 0) Jorfbjd Ouki Ufndkkr [sks Brfsfs tn Fddnvjtk
Brfsfs, js thk nim sjyfdl lnks, fs jisn j wfdmnw no nppnrtudfty. Jdm thkrk fs ndk Jorfbjd kdtrkprkdkur whn gdnws thfs `kttkr thjd anst. Mjdfki Aulkdlj hjs `kkd nd j cnurdky no fddnvjtfnd thjt hjs ikm hfa tn `kbnak j pfndkkr fd thk kakrlfdl dkw ofkim no jiljk tkbhdninlfks. ]hk stnry no hnw hk lnt thkrk fs j tkstjakdt tn thk pnwkr no usfdl `usfdkss tn `nth snivk prn`ikas jdm ajgk prnofts. Gkdyjd kdtrkprkdkur Mjdfki Aulkdlj hjs onudm j sniutfnd tn thk prn`ika no hflh ouki bnsts onr thk trjdspnrt skbtnr fd hfs bnudtry. Hk hjs `kkd ajgfdl andky orna turdfdl wjstk bnngfdl nfi jdm fdkmf`ik vklktj`ik nfi fdtn `fnmfkski (http3//kd.wfgfpkmfj.nrl/wfgf/@fnmfkski). Hk thkd mfsbnvkrkm thjt hk bnuim `nnst hfs prnmubtfnd no `fnmfkski `y usfdl ajrfdk jiljk js j snurbk onr nfi. Jbbnrmfdl tn thk `nmy thjt rkprkskdts thk jiljk ouki fdmustry, Nfiljk (nfiljk.bna), jiljk jrk "pijdt-ifgk nrljdfsas thjt jrk usujiiy phntnsydthktfb jdm jqujtfb, `ut mn dnt hjvk truk rnnts, stkas, ikjvks, vjsbuijr tfssuk jdm hjvk sfapik rkprnmubtfvk strubturks. ]hky jrk mfstrf`utkm wnrimwfmk fd thk skj, fd orkshwjtkr jdm fd wjstkwjtkr. Anst jrk afbrnsbnpfb, `ut snak jrk quftk ijrlk, k.l. snak ajrfdk skjwkkms thjt bjd kxbkkm ;5 a fd ikdlth." ]hk [.R. Mkpjrtakdt no Kdkrly hjs `kkd fdvkstfljtfdl jiljk js j ouki snurbk sfdbk :6<8, jdm ft fs `kfdl fdvkstfljtkm js j pntkdtfjiiy trjdsonrajtfvk ouki snurbk jrnudm thk wnrim. Hfs `usfdkss, Uurk Oukis Itm. (http3//www.purkoukis.bn.gk/), fs burrkdtiy skkgfdl vkdturk bjpftji oudmfdl onr kxpjdsfnd jdm fddnvjtfnd. Uurk Oukis fs "j bnaakrbfji prnmubkr no `fnmfkski jdm jisn ajduojbturks `fnmfkski prnbkssnrs, whfbh wk skii tn `ummfdl kdtrkprkdkurs," sjys Aulkdlj. ]hk Uurk Oukis wk`sftk kmubjtks rkjmkrs nd `fnmfkski js wkii js nookrfdl nppnrtudftfks onr fdvkstnrs jdm dkws upmjtks. Uurk Oukis wjs rklfstkrkm js j `usfdkss fd Gkdyj fd 05:5. ]hk `usfdkss wjs `nrd nut no brfsfs3 fd 0558 thkrk wkrk orkqukdt ouki shnrtjlks fd Gkdyj jdm prfbks wkrk vnijtfik. ]hjt wjs `jm dkws onr Mjdfki Aulkdlj's cn`, wnrgfdl onr j trjdspnrt bnapjdy wfth j oikkt no trubgs. Pfsfdl nr vnijtfik ouki prfbks bjd mkstrny `usfdkssks fd jrkjs ifgk trubgfdl, whkrk thk `fllkst kxpkdsk fs ouki. Aulkdlj `kljd tn mn rkskjrbh fdtn ouki jitkrdjtfvks fd thk brfsfs jdm bjak upnd `fnmfkski. Hk thkd skt j`nut trjfdfdl fd hnw tn prnmubk `fnmfkski. J pkrfnm no tkstfdl, trfjis jdm rkskjrbh kdsukm `ktwkkd 0558 jdm 05:5, whfbh kdj`ikm Uurk Oukis tn `ufim bndofmkdbk thky hjm snakthfdl thjt wjs hflh qujifty. ]hk bnapjdy stjrtkm prnmubfdl :05,555 iftrks no `fnmfkski fd 05:5 jdm fdbrkjskm prnmubtfnd tn 2?5,555 iftrks fd 05:: jdm <55,555 sn ojr fd 05:0. Fd 05::, Uurk Oukis hjm rkvkduk no [R $025,555 orna skiifdl `fnmfkski. "\k stjrtkm noo usfdl cjtrnphj nfi, `ut whkd fts prfbk wkdt up ft wjs dn indlkr prnoftj`ik," Aulkdlj tnim thk _B=Jorfbj wk`sftk `inl. "Hjvfdl fdvkstkm fd thk ajbhfdkry, wk swftbhkm tn thk dkxt qufbgkst jitkrdjtfvk whfbh fs uskm bnngfdl nfi. \k snurbk ft orna skvkrji no thk tnurfst hntkis jindl thk Gkdyjd bnjst." ]urdfdl tn bnngfdl nfi onr `fnmfkski jt ofrst wjs j lnnm fmkj. ]hk bnapjdy wjs j`ik tn lkt kdnulh wjstk bnngfdl nfi orna Gkdyj hntkis jdm tnurfst rksnrts tn akkt mkajdm. @ut js mkajdm rnsk, thk thnrdy prn`ika no Gkdyj's tnurfsa `usfdkss `kfdl skjsndji jrnsk. "Onr j`nut ofvk andths no thk ykjr, ajdy hntkis fd Ana`jsj tkapnrjrfiy shut mnwd nr npkrjtk jt inwkr bjpjbfty. No bnursk thfs fs jookbtfdl thk janudt no wjstk bnngfdl nfi," Aulkdlj sjfm. ]hfs fs whkrk jiljk (http3//kd.wfgfpkmfj.nrl/wfgf/Jiljk) bnaks fd. Uurk Oukis onudm j `fntkbhdninlfst fd Gkdyj tn hkip mkvkinp j sniutfnd usfdl jiljk js j snurbk onr ouki. \hfik thk bnapjdy fs gkkpfdl mktjfis no fts fddnvjtfnd skbrkt, ft fs burrkdtiy hudtfdl onr fdvkstnrs tn hkip fdbrkjsk thk qujdtfty no `fnmfkski ft bjd ajgk - jdm fd turd, rkvkduks. Fdvkstnr oudms wnuim `k uskm tn fapnrt dnd-kmf`ik vklktj`ik nfi jdm jisn tn bndtfduk thk bnapjdy's wnrg nd kxtrjbtfdl nfi orna ajrfdk jiljk. Uurk Oukis ajgk j `nim stjtkakdt nd jiljk ouki mkvkinpakdt3 ft "ajy jbtujiiy `k Gkdyj's dkxt bjsh brnp." Uurk Oukis skiis skvkrji prnmubts3 thkrk fs thk `fnmfkski ftskio, js wkii js j prnbkssfdl ajbhfdk bjiikm thk LXU-055, whfbh bjd turd bustnakrs fdtn `fnmfkski ajduojbturkrs thkaskivks. ]hk bnapjdy jisn `ufims ijrlk, fdmustrfji-sbjik prnbkssnrs thjt bjd prnmubk `ktwkkd :,555 iftrks jdm ;,555 iftrks j mjy. Uurk Oukis burrkdtiy skiis ouki tn trubg, `us jdm tug-tug bnapjdfks, jdm jisn npkrjtks `fnouki stjtfnds.

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