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Buddhist Philosophy of Relations, Paṭṭhānuddesa Dīpanī

Buddhist Philosophy of Relations, Paṭṭhānuddesa Dīpanī

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An Abhidhamma exploration of causal relations by Ledi Sayadaw. Wheel Publication 331.
An Abhidhamma exploration of causal relations by Ledi Sayadaw. Wheel Publication 331.

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Published by: Buddhist Publication Society on Sep 16, 2012
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The Buddhist Philosophy of Relations
Paṭṭhānuddesa Dīpanī 
 by
Ledi Sayādaw Mahāthera
Translated bySayādaw U NyānaBuddhist Publication SocietyKandy • Sri Lanka
The Wheel Publication No. 331/133
First BPS edition: 1986SL ISSN 0049-7541Digital Transcription Source: Buddhist Publication Society.For free distribution. This work may be republished, reformatted, reprinted and redistributed inany medium. However, any such republication and redistribution is to be made available to thepublic on a free and unrestricted basis and translations and other derivative works are to beclearly marked as such and the Buddhist Publication Society is to be acknowledged as theoriginal publisher.
 
Contents
Foreword................................................................................................................................................3Translator’s Preface to the First Edition............................................................................................4The Buddhist Philosophy of Relations...................................................................................................6The Exposition of Relations (Paccayattha Dīpanī)............................................................................61. Hetu-paccaya: The Relation by Way of Root.............................................................................62. Ārammaṇa-paccaya: The Relation of Object.............................................................................83. Adhipati-paccaya: The Relation of Dominance.........................................................................94. Anantara-paccaya: The Relation of Contiguity.......................................................................125. Samanantara-paccaya: The Relation of Immediate Contiguity.............................................136. Sahajāta-paccaya: The Relation of Co-Existence.....................................................................147. Aññamañña-paccaya: The Relation of Reciprocity.................................................................158. Nissaya paccaya: The Relation of Dependence.......................................................................169. Upanissaya-Paccaya: The Relation of Sufficing Condition....................................................1710. Purejāta-paccaya: The Relation of Pre-Existence...................................................................2011. Pacchājāta-paccaya: The Relation of Post-Existence.............................................................2112. Āsevana-paccaya: The Relation of Habitual Recurrence.....................................................2113. Kamma-paccaya: The Relation of Kamma.............................................................................2314. Vipāka-paccaya: The Relation of Effect..................................................................................2415. Āhāra-paccaya: The Relation of Food.....................................................................................2516. Indriyā-paccaya: The Relation of Control..............................................................................2617. Jhāna-paccaya: The Relation of Jhāna.....................................................................................2718. Magga-paccaya: The Relation of Path....................................................................................2719. Sampayutta-paccaya: The Relation of Association...............................................................2820. Vippayutta-paccaya: The Relation of Dissociation...............................................................2921. Atthi-paccaya: The Relation of Presence................................................................................2922. Natthi-paccaya: The Relation of Absence..............................................................................2923. Vigata-paccaya: The Relation of Abeyance............................................................................2924. Avigata paccaya: The Relation of Continuance.....................................................................29The Synthesis of Relations (Paccaya-sabhāga)................................................................................30The Synchrony of Relations (Paccaya-ghaṭana-naya)....................................................................32Synchrony of Relations in the Five Senses...................................................................................33Synchrony of Relations in Consciousness Not Accompanied By Hetu....................................34Synchrony of Relations in the Immoral Classes of Consciousness...........................................34Synchrony of Relations in the Radiant Classes of Consciousness............................................35Synchrony of Relations in the Groups of Material Qualities.....................................................36The Meaning of Paṭṭhāna...................................................................................................................412
 
Foreword
The author of the present treatise, the Venerable Ledi Sayādaw, was one of the most eminentBurmese Buddhist scholar-monks of recent times. Born in the Shwebo District of Burma in 1846, by the time he passed away in 1923 he had written over seventy manuals on different aspects of Theravada Buddhism and established centres throughout Burma for the study of Abhidhammaand the practise of insight meditation. His profound erudition, original thinking and lucidwritings have won him the esteem of the entire Buddhist world.The
Paṭṭhānuddesa Dīpanī 
is Ledi Sayādaw’s treatment of one of the most difficult andcomplex subjects of Theravada Buddhist thought—the philosophy of conditional relations. The
Paṭṭhāna,
the seventh and last book of the Abhidhamma Piṭaka, works out the system of relations in six large volumes. In the present slim volume the Venerable Ledi Sayādaw hasextracted the essential principles underlying this vast system and explained them concisely butcomprehensively, with lucid illustrations for the Paṭṭhāna’s
 
twenty-four conditional relations.An English translation of the
Paṭṭhānuddesa Dīpanī 
 by the Sayādaw U Nyāna, a direct discipleof the author, was published in Rangoon in 1935. This translation, with a few minor changes,appeared serialised in the Burmese Buddhist journal
The Light of the Dhamma,
and later wasincluded in a collection of Ledi Sayādaw’s works,
The Manuals of Buddhism
(Rangoon: UnionBuddha Sāsana Council, 1965). A Thai reprint of the latter work (Bangkok: Mahāmakut, 1978)was used as the basis for the present edition, which reproduces the original with a few minoralterations of style and choice of renderings.In including the
Paṭṭhānuddesa Dīpanī 
in
The Wheel
series, the publishers recognise that thetreatise will not be easy reading even for those seriously involved in Abhidhamma study.However, since copies of the earlier editions are now almost impossible to obtain, it was felt thatthe value and importance of this work for understanding the Buddhist philosophy of conditionality justify its being re-issued. As the treatise presupposes prior familiarity with theAbhidhamma gained elsewhere, footnotes have been kept minimal; if footnotes had been addedto elucidate every difficult point, the annotations would have become unmanageable. Theoriginal translator had chosen to retain much of the Pali terminology in the exposition, and thisedition follows suit. Since the author’s own explanations make the meanings of the Pali termsvery clear, the reader who is keen on study should not find this a serious obstacle, andmoreover will be able to deal with them more precisely in the original than in make-shiftEnglish renderings.Readers who wish to extend their knowledge of the Abhidhamma in connection with thepresent work would do best to turn to the classical summary of Abhidhamma thought, the
 Abhidhammatthasaṅgaha.
This has been published by the BPS in an English translation by theVenerable Nārada Thera as
 A
 
 Manual of Abhidhamma.
The first two volumes of the Paṭṭhāna
 
itself have been published by the Pali Text Society under the title
Conditional Relations,
translated bythe Paṭṭhāna Sayādaw, U Nārada.
Nyanaponika Thera
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