PROVIDlKG FOR THE CO:\IMON IJEFEKSE
estimates each year for the coming fiscal year is given a limitingfigure by the hudget officer, representing the President, beyondwhich it cannot go. Regardless of the actual needs, the estimatesmust be cut and adjusted to meet this figure. These estimates arethen presented to Congress in accordance with approved procedureand Congress can and does fall back upon the true statement andargument, "'Ve gave you what you asked for."
THE REGl:LAR ARMY
In order to fulfill its missions to the country, the Regular Annymust not only have its various functioning parts organized system-atically, economically and in correla,tion,by,t,in addition, it must be provided 'with financia.lmeans in sufficient quantity to enable these parts to operate efficiently along their respective lines of activity.Otherwise, the entire Ar'my structure is doomed to failure, sofar asit is concernedin malcingeffective the only 'military policy the Gov-ernment has ever had.
Based on the appropriations by Congress for the past fewyears, the Regular Army has beenreduced in numbers inboth officersand enlisted men; its organization and distribution have undergonecpnsiderable modification in order to enable it still to perform, in arestricted manner, the duties imposed by Congress and custom.These duties may be stated, briefly, as follows:
To provide adequate personnel for the development andtraining of the National Guard and the Organized Reserves, and forfurnishing a trained stiffening component for the organization of higher units for battle service, as well as to furnish the instructorsfor the Reserve Officers' Training Corps and the Civilian MilitaryTraining Camps.2. To provide the necessary personnel for the overhead of theArmy of the rnited States, wherein the duties are necessarily of acontinuing nature.3. To provide an adequate, organized, balanced and effectivedomestic force, which shall be available for emergencies within thecontinental limits of the rnited States, or elsewhere, and whichwill serve as model for the organization, discipline and training forthe Xational Guard and the Organized Reserves.4. To provide adequate peace garrisons for the coast defenseswithin the continental limits of the rnited States.5. To provide adequate garrisons in peace and war for ouroverseas possessIOns.The peace strength of the Regnlar
as fixedby the Nat-ional Defense Act, as amended and approved June 4, 1920, for per-