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Tomales Bay Bombing Range

Tomales Bay Bombing Range

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Published by CAP History Library
California
California

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: CAP History Library on Sep 16, 2012
Copyright:Public Domain

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01/31/2013

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INVENTORY
PROJECT
REPORT 
TOMALES BAYIABBOTT'S LAGOON
BOMBING
RANGE 
MARIN
COUNTY, CALIFORNIA
mTDS
Site
No.
J09CA7292
Prepared For:
USAED,
Sacramento
DEW-FUDS
ProgramPreparedBY:
U.
S.
Army
Corps
of
Engineers
Environmental Design SectionSacramento District
May
1999
 
SITE SURVEY SUMMARY SHEETFORDEW-FUDS SITE NO. J09CA7292TOMAlLES BAYiABBOTT'S LAGOON BOMBING
RANGE
SITE NAMES:
Tomales Bay Bombing: TargetSome of the names that have been used for the Tomales Bay site are the Tomales BayBombing Target Near Hog Island, Tomales Bay, the Tomales Bay Target Area, and "BombingTarget Number One". The site will be referred to as the Tomales Bay Bombing Target for theremainder of this report.Abbott's Lagoon Bombing TargetThe site located in Abbott's Lagoon also had several different names, including Abbott'sLagoon Bombing Target, Abbott's Lagoon, Abbott's Lagoon Target Area, Abbott's LagoonBombing Range, and "Bombing Target Number Two". For the remainder of this report, the sitewill be referred to as Abbott's Lagoon Bombing Target.Tomales Point Aerial Mine Laying RangeThere was also
an
area west of Tomales Point, known as the Tomales Point Aerial MineLaying Range, which is the name that will be used to describe the site for the remainder of thisreport.
LOCATION:
.
All of the sites are located within the Point Reyes National Seashore, in Marin County,California, approximately
30
miles north of
San
Francisco. The Tomales Bay target is located justnorth
of
Hog Island in Tomales Bay. Abbott's Lagoon is located between Pierce Point Road andthe
Pacific
Ocean. A short hiking trail provides access to the road east of the lagoon, and a sandbar separates the lagoon from the Pacific Ocean to the west. The Tomales Point Aerial Mine
-
Laying Range is located due west of Tomales Point,
in
the Pacific Ocean (See Figure
I).
 
2
YPR,
Tomales Bay Bombing Target
SITE
HISTORY:
During and after World War
11,
Point Reyes hosted training in skip bombing, dive bombing,landing barge practice, and air sea rescue. Dive bombers operating from Hamilton Army Air Field(AAF), Santa Rosa AAF, and Naval Air Station (NAS) Alameda practiced in the waters of DrakesBay, Abbott's Lagoon, and Tomales Bay. The pilots also frred at towed and fixed targets on thehigh seas west of Tomales Point.Tomales Bay Bombing; Tarpet:A bombing target was located very near or on Hog Island in Tomales Bay. The water-bornetarget was constructed in Tomales Bay (Lat. 38'
12'
20.839" North, Long. 122'
56'
10.349" West)under Contract Noy 4165. The danger zone for this target was 750 yards in radius and was located2,000 yards, 129 degrees true from the southwesterly extremity of Tom Point. See Figure 2 for thelayout of Tomales Point/Abbotts Lagoon and the neighboring areas (Techlaw Inc., PreliminaryAssessment Report, Drakes Bay, 31 July 1998).Navy aircraft used two types of practice bombs at this range. The first type was a miniature(three to five pound) bomb with a marker charge similar to a shotgun shell. The second was awater bomb consisting of a light metal shell filled with water. No explosives were used. A U.S.Army corps of Engineers(USACE) representative concluded that missiles' dropped in the baywould have sunk into the mud to a depth sufficient to preclude endangering any small craftnavigating the area. It was determined that no further precautionary measures were necessary(Techlaw Inc., Preliminary Assessment Report, Drakes Bay,
31
July 1998).In 1952, when the Crows Landing, California target ranges were to be activated, theGovernment initiated action to cancel the lease for the ground rights to the Tomales Bay BombingTarget (Baker One). A storm sank the target at Tomales Bay, so no restoration was anticipated.On
21
May 1952 the Air Space Subcornmittee(Bureau of Aeronautics), Western District canceledthe air space danger areas covering the Tomales Bay Bombing Target. Since no hazardousexposure pathway exists, no Department of Defense Action is Indicated (NDAI) for this area.

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