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1929 CAJ V71 n4

1929 CAJ V71 n4

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Published by birds_eye
Picks up from the J US Artillery reflecting the concerns for coastal defence after WW1.
Picks up from the J US Artillery reflecting the concerns for coastal defence after WW1.

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Published by: birds_eye on Sep 17, 2012
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11/22/2013

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THE
COAST ARTILLERY JOURNAL
Volume71 October,1929
"H. G. M."
 By MAJ.
SANDERFORD JARMAN,
C.
A.
C.
Number4
EDITOR'S NOTE:
We know 1/0Uknow about these target practice reports. Wehave sweated with you ove'1'them. We have watched the plotter develop writer'scramp, the lieutenants develop St. Vitus dance, the battery cle.rkgo'over the hill,and the women and children leave the 110S
-and 
'1'etireto places of refuge. But did you ever know what they 11'untedwith all thi~? Listen ...
T
o
obtainhits per gun per minute an artillerJ.manmust knowgunneryand, in addition, be ableto apply this knowledgeduring target prac.tieeif he is to sueceedduring war in destroyingan enemy.. After havingheld downthe Gunnery desk in the Office,Chief of Coast Artillery, forseyeral J.earsit has been my observationthat artillerymen of all gradesare very prone to draw general eondusionsbased-ontoo fewobservations-ofthe particular eYentin question. Often an offieerupon eompletionof atarget practice will, based on results obtained during that one practice,makespecificalld radical reeommendationsas to changesin existing gun-nery and target practice regulations without realizing that these instruc-tions are basedonlessonslearned, not from onepractice but from many.In diseussinghits per gun per minute it is believedthat there are at thepresent time features connectedwith this genera]subject that may be of someinterest to the Corps.The GunnerJ
T
Sectionin the Office,Chief of CoastArtillery, consistingof one officer,one master gunner and one clerk, is primarily concernedwith reviewingand studJ'ing all target practice reports, including battlepractices and joint Army and Xav:; exercises,in order that .an estimatecanbe had at all times as to whether the objectiveof the Corps-hits pergun per minute-is being approached. The reports, upon receipt, arecheckedfor correctnessand statistical information is extracted therefromfor use: in impro,ing the gunnery andtarget practicetraining regulations;in awarding the KnoxTrophy; in publishingthe annual commentsontar-get practice; in giving a basis for classificationof all firing batteries; inbringing to the attention of the various cooperatingarms and servicesanydeficiencies,either as to their personnel or mate-riel. Immediately uponreceipt of target practice reports ammunition expenditures are cheekedand chargedagainsttheallowances;scoresareverifiedanderrors corrected.
It
is very rare that an~' target practice reports for Regular Army
01'-
265
 
266
'l'HE COAS'l' ARTILLERY JOURNAL
ganizations are returned. The entries on the rerx>rtare not questionedas the certificatesof the local commandersare always accepted. The re-ports are then transmitted to the Coast Artillery Board and the CoastArtillery School where they are ~viewed and commented upon. Thisenablesthe CoastArtillery Schoolin particular to shape its instruction soas to correct existing deficiencies. Upon the return of these reports tothe Gunnerydeskthey are givena finalreview-pertinent data is extractedandthe graphical analysesmadefor incorporation in the annual commentsontarget practice. Detailed extracts of all materiel failures noted in thererx>rtsare then made and consolidatedby Coast Artillery Districts forsubmissionto the supply departments concerned. This procedurehas beenof special benefitin keepingthe armament and fire control in better con-dition.
In
the final reviewof the target practice reports commentsknownas "individual comments" are prepared for the Adjutant Generalto sendto Corps Area and Department commanders. These commentsare thosethat are not of such general interest to warrant their incorporation in theannual CoastArtillery memorandum.Soon after the Gunnery Section was estabilshed it was felt that aneffort shouldbe made to use all information that was contained or couldbe incorporated in a target practice report. This is particularly true forlarge caliber cannonas the obtaining of ballistic informatioll 'withrespectthereto is yery expensive,resulting in only a limited amount of firingsbeinghad at the proving grounds for that purpose. The maximumyieldof information for the Ordnance for their ballistic studies and for theCoast Artillery to improve its gunnery was of paramount importance.This is of muchinterest at this time, as weare confronted 'withthe prob-lemof deliveringeffectivefireat ranges offorty thousand tofifty thousandyards. Difficultiesof spotting and adjusting fire at such ranges make itnecessaryfor an accurate determination
of 
all unkno'wnfactors. Themat-ter wastaken up withJhe OrdnanceDepartment and they have cooperatedwhole-heartedly. Theyhaveorganized,at AberdeenProving Ground,a firecontrol and ballistic sectionparticularl:r charged vvithmaking a detailedstudy of target practice information. :Membersof the Ordnance BallisticSection visit the Gunnery Officefrom time
to
time and make a carefulstudy of target 'practice reports and extract therefrom all information of useto them. Thereis a lac
of 
full and accurate data in our firing tablesas to the probable error of all calibersof guns at all ranges. Trial shotsare fired by practically all batteries prior to servicepractice. It is hopedthat the accurac:yof the determination of the mean error of these shotsean
be
made sufficiently:reliableto permit of the use of this informationby the ballisticians for incorporation with the Proving Ground firings indeterminingmoreaccurate probableerrors. This information is furnishedfor incorporation in the firing tables whenthey are revised. The study of 

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