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Space Shuttle Mission STS-31

Space Shuttle Mission STS-31

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NASA
NASA

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Published by: Aviation/Space History Library on Sep 17, 2012
Copyright:Public Domain

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09/01/2013

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STS
-3
1
PRESS
INFORMA
T
ION
April1990_
RockwellInternational
=_
SpaceTransportation
S
ystemsDivision
Offi
c
eofMediaRelations
PUB3
54
6
-V
REV4
-
90
 
CONT
E
NTSPageMISSIONOV
E
RVIEW
..................................................................
IMISSIONSTATISTICS
.................................................................
3MISSIONOBJECTIVES
................................................................5
DEVELOPMENTTESTOBJECTIVES
...................................................5
DETAILEDSUPP
L
EMENTARYOB
J
ECTIVES
............................................5
PAYLOADCONFIGURATION
..........................................................
7HUBBLESPACETELESCOPE
..........................................................
I1IMAXCAME
RA......................................................................
27PROTEINCRYSTALGROWTH
.........................................................
29IINVESTIGATIONSINTOPOLYMERMEMBRANEPROCESSING
..........................
33STUDENTEXPERIMENT
..............................................................
3
5
AIRFORCEMAUlOPTICALSITE
......................................................
37
RA
DIATIONMONIT
O
RINGEXPERIMEN
T..............................................
39ASCENTPARTICLEMONI
T
OR
.........................................................
41MAINLANDINGGEARCARBONBRAKES
.............................................
43DEVELOPMENTTESTO
BJ
ECTIVES
....................................................4
7DETAI
L
EDSUPPLEMENTARYO
BJ
ECTIV
ES............................................
49CONTINGENCYEXTRAVEHICULARACTIVITYAN
D
EXTRAVEHICULARMOBILITYUNITS
...............................................5
1
 
MIS
S
I
O
NO
V
ER
V
IE
W
T
hisisthe1
0t
h
f
l
i
gh
t
ofD
i
sc
o
veryand
t
he35th
i
n
t
hespaceandEar
t
h
o
bservations.Exp
e
rim
e
ntscarriedin
t
hec
r
ewcompar
t
-transpor
t
ationsystem,mentincludeproteincrystalgrowth,investigationintomembraneprocessing,radiationmonitoringandastudentexperiment.AnTheflightcrewfortheSTS-31missionconsistsofascentparticlemonitorexperimentiscarriedinDiscovery'spay-comnmnderLorenJ.Shriver;pilotCharlesEBolden;andmissionloadbay.TheAirForceMauiOpticalSiteexperimentwillcollectspecialistsStevenA.Hawley,BruceMcCandlessIiandKathyrnsignaturedataofDiscoveryasitpassesoverMt.HaleakalaonD.Sullivan.Maui,Hawaii.Theprimaryobjectiveofthisfive-daymissionistodeployThisflightofDiscoveryisthefirstforthenewmainlandingtheHubbleSpaceTelescope(HST
)
inEarthorbit.TheHSTisgearcarbonbrake.ThemainlandinggearcarbonbrakesconsistscheduledtobereleasedbyDiscovery's
r
emotemanipulatorsys-offivecarbonrotorssplinedtotheinsideofthewheelandrota
t
etem(RMS)atanominalmissionelapsedtimeofdayone,fivewiththewheelandfourcarbonstatorssplinedtotheoutsideofhoursand23minutesonorbit19.theaxleassemblyanddonotrotatewiththewheel.ThegoalofthecarbonbrakeprogramistoincreasemaximumenergyabsorptionThereleaseoftheHSTcanbedelayeduntilorbit20ifanto82millionfoot-poundsandprovideaone-timestopofextravehicularactivi
t
y(EVA)isrequiredtomanuallydeployits100millionfoot-pounds.Thepreviousimprovedmainlandingappendages,gearbrakesprovidedapproximately65millionfoot-pounds.AftertheHSThasbeenreleasedbyDiscovery'sRMS,aBecausethiswillbethefirstdeploymentoftheHST,thismis-lreturnrendezvouswiththetelescopecanberequestedforaslateassionfeaturesseveralotherfirsts:highestdirect-insertionaltitude,45hoursafterthereleasetoaccommodatetherendezvousandan330nauticalmiles(379statutemiles);longestorbitalmaneuveringEVAtomanuallyopentheHST'saperturedoor.TheSTS-31mis-systemanddeorbitthrustingperiods,approximately4.5minutessionwillbeextendedonedayifthisEVAisrequired.(494and527feetpersecond,respectively);longestplannedreac-tioncontrolsystemthrustingperiod,approximatelytwominutesEightsecondarypayloadsarealsocarriedaboardDiscovery(limitis2.5minutes);longestauxiliarypowerunitruntime,onthismission.IMAXcamerasarelocatedinDiscovery'screwapproximatelyonehour,21minutesduringdeorbit,entryandcompartmentandthecargobay.landing;andtwoextravehicularmobilityunits(EMUs)andaspa
r
eEMUuppertorsotosupportmissionsuccessintheeventThecargobaycamerawillfilmthedeploymentoftheHSTHSTcontingencyEVAisrequired.

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