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Feedback Control Schemes

Feedback Control Schemes

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Published by D.Viswanath
Various feedback schemes explained
Various feedback schemes explained

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Published by: D.Viswanath on Sep 17, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/04/2013

 
PROPORTIONAL-INTEGRAL-DERIVATIVECONTROLLERS
STRUCTURE OF A CLOSED LOOP SYSTEMNote
:-1.Any system is subjected to two inputs - own input and control input.2.When the controller gain is zero, the output is not zero.3.Output becomes constant when control input becomes zero.4.Sensor is to reproduce faithfully the output of the system. Ideally the sensor gain should beunity.
PERFORMANCE DESCRIPTION OF MODEL BASED CONTROL SYSTEM
1.Time domain performance measures by subjecting to step, pulse or ramp inputs. Example -maximum overshoot, settling time, rise time, steady state error, dead time, disturbanceresponse, decay ratio.2.Frequency domain performance measures by subjecting to sinusoidal or periodic signal inputs.Example – gain margin, phase margin, gain cross-over frequency, phase cross-over frequency,stability, and relative stability (robustness).
NOTATIONSR(s) – INPUTY(s) – OUTPUTL(s) – DISTURBANCEG(s) – GAIN OF SYSTEM UNDER CONTROLG
C
(s) – CONTROLLER GAINH(s) – SENSOR GAINCONTROLLER SYSTEM UNDER CONTROLSENSOR Y
 
CONTROL CONFIGURATIONS
1.SERIES COMPENSATION SCHEME :-CLOSED LOOP RESPONSE TO REFERENCE INPUT:-CLOSED LOOP RESPONSE TO DISTURBANCE INPUT:-Advantages:-1.Suitable for both tracking and regulatory systems. Output follows reference input for largevalues of 
G
c
(s)
.2.Excellent disturbance rejection for large values of 
G
c
(s)
.Limitations:-Disturbance input may produce unbounded output if plant
G(s)
is unstable or integrating system.
 
R(s)G
C
(s)G(s)H(s)=1Y(s)L(s)
Y(s)R(s)1+ G
C
(s)G(s)G
C
(s)G(s)Y(s)L(s)1+ G
C
(s)G(s)G(s)
 
2.FEEDBACK COMPENSATION SCHEME :-CLOSED LOOP RESPONSE TO REFERENCE INPUT:-CLOSED LOOP RESPONSE TO DISTURBANCE INPUT:-Advantages:-1.Suitable for only regulatory systems (reference input = 0).2.Excellent disturbance rejection for large values of 
G
c2
(s)
.Limitations:-Cannot be used for tracking systems since output will not change as per reference input if 
G
c2
(s)
islarge (output will be attenuated similar to disturbance).
 
R(s)G
C1
(s)=1G(s)G
C2
(s)Y(s)L(s)
Y(s)R(s)1+ G
C2
(s)G(s)G(s)Y(s)L(s)1+ G
C2
(s)G(s)G(s)

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