STRUCTURE OF A CLOSED LOOP SYSTEMNote
:-1.Any system is subjected to two inputs - own input and control input.2.When the controller gain is zero, the output is not zero.3.Output becomes constant when control input becomes zero.4.Sensor is to reproduce faithfully the output of the system. Ideally the sensor gain should beunity.
PERFORMANCE DESCRIPTION OF MODEL BASED CONTROL SYSTEM
1.Time domain performance measures by subjecting to step, pulse or ramp inputs. Example -maximum overshoot, settling time, rise time, steady state error, dead time, disturbanceresponse, decay ratio.2.Frequency domain performance measures by subjecting to sinusoidal or periodic signal inputs.Example – gain margin, phase margin, gain cross-over frequency, phase cross-over frequency,stability, and relative stability (robustness).
NOTATIONSR(s) – INPUTY(s) – OUTPUTL(s) – DISTURBANCEG(s) – GAIN OF SYSTEM UNDER CONTROLG
(s) – CONTROLLER GAINH(s) – SENSOR GAINR CONTROLLER SYSTEM UNDER CONTROLSENSOR Y