Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
6Activity

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Extra Practice

Extra Practice

Ratings: (0)|Views: 298|Likes:
Published by sussrueda

More info:

Published by: sussrueda on Sep 17, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/15/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Auxiliary Verbs 2
Introduction
 You are likely to be tested on your knowledge of auxiliary verbsin Parts 2 and 5 of Paper 3 Use of English. This unit will look at the auxiliary verbs used in structures that express obligation andpermission.
Must/have to
'
Must 
' is used when the speaker has authority, '
have to
' when the authority isexternal to the speaker.Example:
Keysmust be left at reception.
(receptionist)
Youhave toleave your keys at reception.
(one guest to another)
Needn't have/didn't need to
'
Didn't need to
' is used to show that something wasn't necessary and so wasn't done.'
Needn't have
' is used to show that something was done unnecessarily.Example:
Wedidn't need tomake a reservation. We knew it would be empty.Look! The train's empty! Weneedn't havemade a reservation.
Should/ought to
'
Should
' and '
ought to
' express obligation in the sense of communicating strongadvice.Example:
Youshouldtake these tablets every day before meals.Youought tosee a doctor about that cough.
Can/may/could
'
Can
', '
may 
' and '
could
' are all used to give and ask for permission. '
Be allowed to
' isused to express permission on a particular occasion, not '
could
'.Example:
Icouldn't  / wasn't allowed tostay up late when I was younger. Iwas allowed toretake the exam after they discovered I was ill.Youwon't be allowed toget in without wearing a tie.
Levels of formality
 There are many other words and expressions used to express obligation andpermission, many of which offer a formal equivalent to the more neutral modal verbs.Example:
Youdon't need tocome in tomorrow. Have a day off.
(Informal)
It is not necessary to attend the session as participation is voluntary.
(Formal)
Auxiliary verbs >>Part 2: Open Cloze
Reminder: Part 2 consists of a short text which has 15 gaps. For each gap you have toadd the missing word.Example:He ........ to do well in life as he's always been confident in his abilities.
Answer: 'ought'Auxiliary verbs >>Part 5: Key Word Transformations
Reminder: You have to complete a second sentence so that it has a similar meaning
 
to the first sentence using a given word. In the exam you must use between threeand six words.Example: They reserved a seat on the train but then discovered it was empty.
NEED
 They .......... a seat on the train as it was empty.
Answer: 'needn't have reserved'
Complete the following sentences with one word only.1. You ........ have to tell us before the 17th if you want to join the course.2. Your car ........ washing. It looks a real mess!3. We must ........ an answer before the end of the week or your application will becancelled.4. I didn't mind arriving two hours before departure to check in but ........ have to waitanother two hours because of delays was ridiculous.5. You ........ pay us a visit the next time you're in town. I insist.1. Will 2. needs 3. have 4. to 5. mustComplete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence,using the word given. Do not change the word given.1. It was a waste of time using the alarm clock as I woke up early.
SET
I .................... the alarm clock as I woke up early.2. Don't feel you have to come to the presentation.
ATTEND
 There is no .................... the presentation.3. You park your car on our premises at your own risk.
TAKE
 The company does .................... cars parked on its premises.4. It is advisable that sufferers of back pain rest for a period of time.
EASY 
If your back is hurting you .................... for a while.1. need not have set, needn't have set 2. obligation to attend, need to attend 3.not take responsibility for, n't take responsibility for 4. should take it easy, ought totake it easy
 
Auxiliary Verbs 2
Introduction
 You are likely to be tested on your knowledge oauxiliary verbsin Parts 2 and 5 of Paper 3 Use of English. This unit will look at the auxiliary verbs used in structures that express
levels of possibility
.
Expressing possibility
 The following modal auxiliary verbs are used to express varying levels of possibility:+-certain willwon'tmustcan't/couldn'tshould/ought toshouldn'tmaymay notnot certainmight/couldmight not You can use these verbs to talk about levels of possibility in the past by adding theperfect infinitive ('have' + past participle) and the future by adding will.Example:
It can't have beenTom who called. He's away on business.There's the phone. That 'll beSteve.
It is possible to add certain adverbs to expressions containing modal verbs.Example:
Hannahsurely wouldn't have done that without asking first.The teacher may wellhave forgotten the exam was today.
When expressing degrees of possibility there are several informal alternatives to themore neutral modal verb structure:Example:
You're bound todo well in the exam. You have worked so hard all year.It's odds onthat he'll be late. He always is.There's no way I'm going to have time to catch the train.It's a fair bet that he'll invite you to the party.There's a fair chancethat he'll get the job.She's more than likely to want to go to an Italian restaurant as she loves the food somuch.
Auxiliary verbs >>Part 2: Open Cloze
Reminder: Part 2 consists of a short text which has 15 gaps. For each gap you have toadd the missing word.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->