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SWS: 2012 Survey of Enterprises on Corruption

SWS: 2012 Survey of Enterprises on Corruption

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Published by Rappler Philippines
The Philippine government is less corrupt, businessmen tell the SWS
The Philippine government is less corrupt, businessmen tell the SWS

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Published by: Rappler Philippines on Sep 18, 2012
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SWS 2012 Survey of Enterprises on Corruption page 1 of 3
 
SWS 2012 Survey of Enterprises on Corruption:THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION HAS RADICALLY PROGRESSED FROM 2009
There has been radical progress in the fight against corruption, according to the preliminaryreport of the 2012 SWS Survey of Enterprises on Corruption, given at the Second IntegritySummit on September 18, 2012.The 2012 SWS Survey of Enterprises is the tenth in a series since 2000, the last survey being in2009. The 2012 round has the largest sample size (target 950 companies) and broadest areacoverage (National Capital Region, Cavite-Laguna-Batangas, Metro Cebu, Metro Davao,Cagayan de Oro-Iligan, and, for the first time, Metro Angeles and Metro Iloilo) of all ten rounds.The preliminary report, based on interviews of executives of 826 companies (281 large, 545small/medium) over July 16 to September 14, 2012, shows a great deal of progress againstcorruption between 2009 and the present.1.
 
Executives s
eeing “
a lot
of corruption in the public sector fell to 42% in 2012 from64% in 2009, after having been 60% or more from the start in 2000. Since it fell inevery area covered in 2009, for example falling in NCR to 51% in 2012 from 70% in2009, the aggregate fall was not due to the changed area coverage in 2012.2.
 
Those
saying that “most/almost all” companies in their 
own sector give bribes to winpublic sector contracts fell to 41% in 2012 from 48% in 2009, and was the lowest in allten rounds since 2000.3.
 
Those with personal knowledge of corruption happening in the last three months intheir own sector fell to 32% in 2012 from 37% in 2009, and was the lowest in fiverounds since 2006.4.
 
When executives compare the present administration to the past one, 71% see lesscorruption now, and only 2% see more corruption now. When the general publiccompared the two administrations in an SWS national survey on May 24-27, 2012, 64%saw less, and only 5% saw more, corruption now.5.
 
Of 20 government institutions rated for sincerity in fighting corruption, 17 improvedtheir net sincerity ratings (percent sincere minus percent insincere) from 2009 to 2012.5.1.
 
The most radical change is in the Office of the President, which improved in netsincerity in fighting corruption to an
Excellent
+81 in 2012, from a Bad -37 in2009.5.2.
 
Two agencies have improved their sincerity ratings to
Very Good,
from Good:Department of Health, with +60 in 2012 versus a Good +37 in 2009; andDepartment of Trade and Industry, with +59 in 2012 versus a Good +38 in 2009.
 
 
SWS 2012 Survey of Enterprises on Corruption page 2 of 3
 
5.3.
 
Three institutions have improved their ratings to
Good,
from Neutral: Departmentof Education, with +49 in 2012, from Zero in 2009; the Senate, with +38 in 2012,from -1 in 2009; and the Office of the Ombudsman, with +38 in 2012, from -8 in2009.5.4.
 
Of six institutions with
Moderate
ratings, four have improved: Sandiganbayan,with +27 in 2012, from a Neutral +8 in 2009; Department of the Interior and LocalGovernment, with +27 in 2012, from a Poor -25 in 2009; Department of Budget andManagement, with +22 in 2012, from a Poor -17 in 2009; and Department of Transportation and Communication, with +10 in 2012, from a Bad -30 in 2009.The other Moderates are: the City Government, with +24 in 2012, a
drop
from aGood +35 in 2009; and the Supreme Court, with +23 in 2012, a
drop
from a Good+40 in 2009.5.5.
 
The three institutions with
Neutral
ratings are all improved: Department of Environment and Natural Resources, with +1 in 2012, from a Bad -34 in 2009; theHouse of Representatives, with -2 in 2012, from a Bad -34 in 2009; and thePhilippine National Police, with -8 in 2012, from a Poor -17 in 2009.5.6.
 
Of four institutions with
Poor
ratings, three have improved: Bureau of InternalRevenue, with -18 in 2012, from a Very Bad -57 in 2009; Department of PublicWorks and Highways, with -23 in 2012, from a Very Bad -65 in 2009; and LandTransportation Office, with -26 in 2012, from a Bad -39 in 2009. The fourth isCommission on Elections, with -14 in 2012, a
drop
from a Neutral -8 in 2009;5.7.
 
5.7 The sole institution with a
Bad
rating is the Bureau of Customs, whichimproved to -45 in 2012, from a Very Bad -69 in 2009. There is no longer anyagency with a Very Bad rating in 2012.[The SWS terminology for net ratings is:
 Excellent 
+70 and up,
Very Good 
+50 to +69,
Good 
 +30 to +49,
 Moderate
+10 to +29,
 Neutral
-9 to +9,
Poor 
-29 to -10,
 Bad 
-49 to -30, and
Very Bad 
-69 to -50.]6.
 
Regarding prominent corruption cases in court (NBN-ZTE deal vs former Pres. GloriaArroyo and former COMELEC Chairman Benjamin Abalos, PNP helicopters vs Atty.Mike Arroyo, malversation of funds vs former Pagcor Chairman Efraim Genuino,plunder vs former AFP Comptroller Maj. Gen. Garcia, and perjury vs VirgilianoGarcillano
in relation to the “Hello Garci” scandal
) the majority of executives see thecases as being conducted fairly, but at too slow a pace.7.
 
The proportion of executives solicited for any of seven types of bribes in the previousyear is at a new low of 48% in 2012, from 60% in 2009 and a high of 71% in 2008.The 2012 solicitation rates for the various bribes probed are: Getting local government

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