Subject Code LSGI2961
Level 2Contact Hours Lect:28Tut:14Student EffortHours120AssessmentMethodExamination 60%Coursework 40%
Credit Value 3
This subject is intended to:
Pre-requisites Nil 1. Provide students with elementary theory and practice of controlCo-requisites Nil surveys, detail mapping, setting-out of different structures andExclusions Nil presentation of survey data in engineering projects, and toSubject Leader/ Lecturer/Dept.Steve Lam (LSGI) familiarise students with contemporary surveying developments.
Students will demonstrate their ability to:-
1. Understand the principles and objectives of measurement of building and land.2. Apply the basic surveying operation and instrument.3. Demonstrate the accurate setting out of buildings and related environs within agreed tolerances.
Fundamentals of Surveying
Principles of survey practice. World Geodetic System and Hong Kong Survey Reference Systems.Applications of co-ordinate geometry in positioning and mensuration. Analysis of measurement errors andadjustment methods.
Tape measurement and corrections. Optical measurements by stadia, subtense and tangential tacheometry.E.D.M.: theory, instrumentation, calibration and quality control records.
Instrumentation for angular measurement. Design principle and use of mechanical and electronic theodolite andtotal station. Observation procedures and reduction for vertical and horizontal angles. Instrument errors,calibration, correction, adjustment and quality control records.
Vertical Control Survey
Levelling nomenclature, reference datums and monumentation. Hong Kong Principal Datum. Levellinginstruments, their calibration and applications. Ordinary levelling. Differential, trigonometric and reciprocallevelling. Precise levelling. Standards of accuracy and general specifications for vertical control surveys.
Horizontal Control Network
Classification, standards of accuracy, and general specifications for horizontal control surveys. Triangulation.Trilateration, and traverse. Design criteria, monumentation, instrumentation, observation procedures and dataanalysis.
Detail Surveying and Mapping
Chain survey. Vertical staff tacheometry method. topographical surveys by total stations and computersystems. Reduction and drafting of survey data by manual and computer methods. Conventional signs.Standards of detail survey plans.