are followed by one or two bytes of data, which could bean immediate operand, amemory address, or a portnumber.8080's large 40-pin DIP packaging permitted it to provide a 16-bit address bus andan 8-bit data bus, allowing easyaccess to 64 kilobytes of memory.
The processor has seven 8-bitregisters accessible to the programmer, named A, B, C,D, E, H, and L. Someinstructions use HL as a(limited) 16-bit accumulator.As in the 8080, the contents of the memory address pointed to by HL could be accessed as pseudo register M.The processor has seven 8-bitregisters, (A, B, C, D, E, H, andL) where A is the 8-bitaccumulator and the other sixcould be used as either byte-registers or as three 16-bitregister pairs (BC, DE, HL)depending on the particular instruction.
Like larger processors, it hasCALL and RETS instructionsfor multi-level procedure callsand returns (which can beconditionally executed, like jumps) and instructions to saveand restore any 16-bit register- pair on the machine stack.There are also eight one-bytecall instructions (RST) for subroutines located at the fixedaddresses 00h, 08h, 10h, and38h.As with many other 8-bit processors, all instructions areencoded in a single byte(including register-numbers, butexcluding immediate data), for simplicity. Some of them arefollowed by one or two bytes of data, which could be animmediate operand, a memoryaddress, or a port number.
Most 8-bit operations work onthe 8-bit accumulator.Due to the regular encoding of the MOV-instruction (using aquarter of available opcodespace) there are redundantcodes to copy a register intoitself (MOV B,B, for instance),which are of little use, exceptMost 8-bit operations can only be performed on the 8-bitaccumulator (the A register).For dyadic 8-bit operations, i.e.8-bit operations with twooperands, the other operandcould be either an immediatevalue, another 8-bit register, or amemory cell addressed by the