Te Case or CB Ratifcation
Ratiying [the CB] will be to the international advantage o the United States… By actively seeking ratifcation, the U.S. will be more able to persuade Nuclear Non-Prolieration reaty member states to erect stronger barriers against the acquisition o nuclear weapons.
- Brent Scowcrot, Joseph Nye, Nicholas Burns, and Strobe albott, 2009
Ratication o the CB would enhance U.S. national security.
Te U.S. would continue to maintain a robust nuclear deterrent.
With over 1,000 nuclear tests and a robust program to ensure the continued saety and security o itsnuclear arsenal, the U.S. has a distinct advantage that the CB would ensure.
Te treaty would deter those who seek to develop nuclear weapons.
Nuclear technology is complex. States with nuclear ambitions must test to develop a reliable arsenal.
States that chose to pursue a nuclear weapons program would run the risk o deploying an untested –and possibly unreliable – weapon.
I an extreme case required a return to testing, the U.S. could withdraw rom the CB under the“supreme national interest” clause.
Verication and monitoring capabilities would almost certainly catch cheaters.
In 1999, when an attempt to ratiy the CB ailed in the U.S. Senate by a vote o 51-48, none o the International Monitoring System acilities had been certied. oday, signicant improvements tothe IMS ensure with a high degree o certainty that nuclear testers cannot escape detection.
Eforts or a CB have a long bipartisan history.
Te Comprehensive est Ban reaty builds on decades o eforts to halt nuclear testing.
President Dwight Eisenhower once said that not achieving a test ban “would have to be classied asthe greatest disappointment o any administration o any decade o any time and o any party.”
President John F. Kennedy signed a treaty banning nuclear tests in the atmosphere, in outer space andunder water. President Richard Nixon signed a treaty prohibiting nuclear tests with yields greater than150 kilotons.
Sean Boers is a senior at the University o ennessee at Martin majoring in Political Science and minoring inInternational Studies.