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Spotlight on Publications-Citizen Participation in Local Governance in Latin America

Spotlight on Publications-Citizen Participation in Local Governance in Latin America

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Fundar, Centro de Análisis e Investigación on Sep 19, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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ELLA Area: GovernanceELLA Theme: Citizen Participation
Spotlight on Knowledge
Citizen participation in governance at the local level has long beenacknowledged to play a role in improving public policies. It is seenas enhancing policies’ responsiveness to the population’s needsand their quality, as citizens make creative and innovative proposalsto solve development challenges. Furthermore, these local-levelmechanisms create a space or the participation o oten marginalisedgroups, while also supporting democratic deepening overall. In thelast two decades, many countries in Latin America have experimentedwith new mechanisms to oster citizen participation. The ollowingpublications analyse the experience o Latin American countriesin implementing these participation mechanisms at the local level.
This book brings together a series o the author’s research projects addressing the question o accountability in theMexican context. Among them, the author deals with citizen participation at the local level, especially in rural settings.Several chapters o this book will be relevant to those interested in citizen participation, in particular those that concernthe political construction o social capital, democratic rural development and regional peasant organisations, and Mexico’sRegional Rural Development Councils. These chapters will be o benet to policymakers and CSOs looking or an in-depthunderstanding o the Mexican experience with citizen participation, especially at the rural level.
Full citation: Fox, J. 2007.
Accountability Politics: Power and Voice in Rural Mexico 
. Oxord University Press, New York.
series o the Latin American Public Opinion Projectpublishes short bries on specic policy issues based on the results o the
, a regional public opinion and perception survey carried out with citizens oNorthern, Southern and Central American countries. This particular Insight report analyses answers to the ollowingsurvey question: “Have you attended a town meeting, city council meeting or other meeting convened by the mayor inthe past 12 months?” It demonstrates diferences across countries in participation and discusses some o the possibledemographic, political or economic actors, including individuals’ past negative experiences with their governments, suchas corruption, that seems to impact whether or not citizens get engaged and participate at the local government level.
Full Citation: Montalvo, D. 2008. Citizen Participation in Municipal Meetings.
AmericasBarometer Insights 
This article highlights a variety o participatory experiences in local governance that have been carried out in Latin America,such as participatory budgeting and public management councils in Brazil, regional coordination roundtables (
Mesas de Concertación 
) in Peru and sel-management councils in Mexico, to show a diversity o alternative orms o citizenparticipation politics that are possible. The article seeks to explain what is understood as a ‘democratic participatoryproject’ and how it has been implemented in the diferent national contexts o the region. The publication could be o interestto policymakers and civil society organisations (CSOs) considering how to improve citizen participation at the local level.
Full citation: Dagnino, E., Olvera, A., Panchi, A. 2008. Democratic Innovation in Latin America: A First Look at the Democratic ParticipatoryProject. In: Raventos, C. (ed). 2008.
Democratic Innovation in the South: Participation and Representation in Asia, Africa and Latin America 
.CLACSO, Buenos Aires.
This publication reports on the discussions and ndings o a recent workshop o researchers and policymakersthat reviewed how and i participatory institutions are yielding their intended beneits, and how scholars andpolicymakers understand the role that these institutions can play in improving democracy and public lie. Itpresents examples o both top-down and bottom-up processes that created participation mechanisms at thelocal level, including participatory budgeting, coordinated councils and health and education councils. Thoughnot ocused only on Latin America, it includes cases rom the region and others, and will thereore be o interestto policymakers and CSOs seeking to understand trends in local participatory governance across countries.
Full citation: Wampler, B., McNulty, S. 2011.
Does Participatory Governance Matter? Exploring the Nature and Impact of Participatory Reforms 
. Woodrow Wilson International Center or Scholars, Washington, DC.
For community participation to have the positive democratising efects it is assumed to bring, it is vital that the diferent groupsin the community have the same opportunities to participate and to be heard. Using 2010 data rom the AmericasBarometer  Survey, a regional public opinion survey comparing 22 Latin American countries, this short report addresses the questiono women’s participation in community activities in Latin America and the Caribbean. It seeks to nd innovative answers tothe diferences o participation between men and women that are ound in the survey. The report will likely be o interestto CSOs and policymakers seeking to understand constraints to women’s participation in their communities, and as theytry to develop and implement local participation initiatives that acilitate equal participation across diferent groups.
Full Citation: Batista, F. 2012. Gender and Community Participation in Latin America and the Caribbean.
AmericasBarometer Insights 
Using 2008 data rom the Democracy Survey o theLatin American Public Opinion Project (LAPOP), this shortreport – another in the
series - addresses country responses to a survey question about an interestingaspect o participation: the extent to which citizens work collectively to solve community problems. It analysesdierent social and economic characteristics to help explain the dierences ound across countries. Usingthe Latin American experience, this publication might be useul or those who want to understand some othe underlying economic or political variables inluencing citizen engagement in participatory mechanisms.
Full Citation: Cruz, J. 2008. Social Capital in the Americas: Community Problem-Solving Participation.
AmericasBarometer Insights 

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