of speech act that dominates the communication among the customers and theshopkeepers to get the price that agreed among the buyers and the shopkeepers.The study of speech act actually had been done by some people. One of themis Carlos L. Bernal (2007). In his paper which is
entitled ―Speech Act Analysis of Judicial Decisions‖. He explain
s about a judicial decision the judge says somethingabout the law, the facts of the case, and the consequences that the legal systemimputes to the parties, in the most cases, the plaintiff or the prosecutor and thedefendant. He emphasizes the research on the way the judge in saying the things hedoes bring it about that he has adjudicated a case and the kind of speech acts, or moreprecisely, illocutionary acts,
does he perform. Besides, he also stresses on theirrelation to the adjudication.The study of speech act is very crucial in order to avoid misunderstandingamong the speakers. We need to distinguish the intention of the speaker to thehearers. Besides, this study in this research is focusing on the speech act used by theshopkeepers and the customer when the bargaining activity among them happening.They may use certain speech act that can lead them to misunderstanding both of themif they
can not interpret their speaker‘s
utterance correctly since we know that somespeech act is performed in a given utterance of the sentence, for a speaker may meanmore than what he actually said, which the interpretation itself will depend on thecontext where the utterance is said. Furthermore, there are actually many shopkeepersthat could not speak English properly, so, their way in using speech act withoutcausing the customer upset with their way of spoken English is very interesting tolearn.