Typically, modern ceramic dinnerware services consist of both tableware andovenware items; these wares are available in a wide range of shapes anddecorations.During the service life, each item will be repeatedly heated and cooled, have contactwith food, cutlery and dishwasher reagents, and as a result be subject to varyingdegrees of stress, mechanical impact and chemical attack. Vendors have aresponsibility to demonstrate that items are able to withstand reasonable exposure tothese forces, i.e. “they are fit for purpose”. To achieve this, items must demonstratecompliance to relevant legislative requirements and performance test standards.Within this guide, buyers and retailers of ceramic dinnerware are provided with thedomestic market guidelines for the legislation and performance tests commonly usedto determine the “fitness for purpose” of ceramic items sold in the UK.
It is a mandatory requirement that ceramic items intended for food contact complywith
The Ceramic Articles in Contact with Food (England) Regulations 2006,
for thefollowing criteria:
The lead and cadmium release limits specified in Council Directive 84/500/EEC,as amended by Council Directive 2005/31/EC
Manufacturers and importers to supply a declaration of compliance with theabove requirement. Distributors, including retailers, must ensure that a validdeclaration is obtained with every delivery.
BS EN 1183Materials and articles in contact with foodstuff – Test methods for thermal shock and thermal shock enduranceBS EN 13258Materials and articles in contact with foodstuff – Test methods for crazing resistance of ceramic articlesBS EN 12980Materials and articles in contact with foodstuff – Methods of testfor determining impact resistanceBS EN 12875-1Mechanical dishwashing resistance of utensils – Part 1: Referencetest method for domestic articlesBS EN 12875-2Mechanical dishwashing resistance of utensils – Part 2: Inspectionof non-metallic articlesThe British and European Standard tests, by which the performance of ceramicdinnerware may be measured, are listed in Figure 1.2
Figure 1: British and European Performance Tests for Domestic Ceramic Dinnerware