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Fonetika i fonologija - Škarić - skripta

Fonetika i fonologija - Škarić - skripta

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Published by ffstforum
Kratka skripta iz fonetike i fonologije
Kratka skripta iz fonetike i fonologije

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Published by: ffstforum on Sep 20, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/30/2014

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5
 
CBFIZGKE G CBFBAB@GLE 
 
5&
 
_BJYJEXFB^Z LI\GKE G @BSBXE
 
XE\@XEFGāESEFLI JSELY _BLMBSE
 
_xime ~zexgm zymečiflgme li|gk g `bsbx hgag ~y lijfb zi g~zb! fb jefe~ ~i |fe je
fgli zekb& @bsbx li~abŶife
alyj~ke ~pb~bhfb~z
 
|e g|xeŶesefli mg~ag g b~liĀele! e li|gk li
~y~zes |ekbfgzb~zg
yjiťif pxime~embm `bsbxy&
ābslik li |efgmefli |e sae~zgzg `bsbx pbke|gseb bj g~kbfe! eag fi mbŶi ~i pby|jefb xiĀg bzkej&
_b~zblg|epg~ g| jbhe
hxedmefe
 $5??? jb 9??? `bjgfe pxgli fbsi ixi' kblg feaeŶi je
čbsliky y
~fy
`ae~ yae|g y
jed
!
bkb
!
jyd
g
ydb
! e
kej ~i čbslik pxbhyjg zel `ae~ g|ae|g g| jede&
 Lijef bj hxedmefe!
ůeyfeke
! |e
kbli`e ~i ~mezxe je li Ŷgsgb y 4& ~zbaliĀy pxgli fbsi
ixi! y X`sijgbpg~yli kekb jed fe~zeli
slizxbm
! pbzg~kbm kblg jbae|g g|
čbslikbse
zxhyde
& Fesbjg kekb ~i
`xab
~ibzsexe gag |ezsexe
! pxg čimy
~i
jed
pxizsexe y
|syk
&
Fli`bs bpg~ `ae~fgke y b~fbsg li ~agčef jefeťflim& ^pbmgfli
89 `ae~fgke
kbli jgliag fe< `yzyxeai!peaezeai! jifzeai! nixihxeai! aehgleai&
Li|gk g `bsbx hgag ~y y pbčizky fixe|jsblgsg pblmbsg& ^ g|ymbm `ae~bsfb` pg~me fe~zeli
`xemezgke
! kblbl
 li hgae ~sxde je pxbyčese kekb ~i pgťy g čgzely ~abse&Ypxesb li pbčizfe ~pb|fele
b bjsblifb~zg lijfb` ~able bj ~siykypfb~zg `bsbxe
jbsiae jb ybhagčifle
 
jefe~ le~fb xe|ayčifgd
pblmbse<
`bsbxe
g
li|gke
&
Li|gkb~absali ~i siĀgfbm hesg
pxbyčeseflim li|gke
! e pxgzbm `bsbx b~zesale pb ~zxefg& Xe|ab` li zbmy zbťzb `bsbx! pxgmlixgni! pxipb|felimb keb `bsbx g keje fi xe|ymglimb fe kblim li li|gky& @bsbx! jekai!
ysiagki y|gmemb |jxesb |e `bzbsb lix ~mezxemb je li siĀ
jbsbalfb le~fb bjxiĕif
&
 
\E^IHFB^Z
 
@BSBXE
 
āgflifgni
 
ypyĀyly fe zb je li `bsbx |e~ihfe
alyj~ke ~pb~bhfb~z<
 
jglizi y~sele `bsbx ~ jsgli `bjgfi! e lbť ysglik fi xe|sgle
mifzeafi g mbzbxgčki ekzgsfb~zg
 
 
`bsbx li y ~ybjfb~y ~ bpĀbm gfziag`ifnglbm ~emb y jbflim jgliay ali~zsgni
kblg li g~pbj GU 3?
 
mynefli ~i lesale ~emb y `bsbxy! e g|b~zeli y ekzgsfb~zgme keb ťzb ~y plisefli gag pg~efli
 
~emb fikg jgliabsg bx`efg|me si|efg ~y y| `bsbx
Y mb|`y pb~zbli mli~ze kble ~i mb`y b|fečgzg keb
~xijgťze |e `bsbx
! keb ťzb pb~zbli g |e ~ayd g sgj! |e
ypxesalefli mgťgĀgme g jxy`gd čbslikbsgd yxbĕifgd ~pb~bhfb~zg! e bťziĀifle zgd ~xijgťze g|e|gsely
bťziĀifle `bsbxe
 
g zb ~emb
ekb ~y bťziĀife ze ~xijgťze&
 
 
cc~z
 
5&
 
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_BHAGŽI BJXIğIFLI @BSBXE
 
 
B^FBSFB BJXIğIFLI
 
@bsbx li bpzgmeafe |syčfe
alyj~ke kbmyfgkengle bhagkbsefe
xgzmbm xičifgne! xgličg g ~ab`bse
&
 
 
@BSBX _BāGSE FE KBMYFGKENGLG
 
@bsbx li
kbmyfgkengle y ngliab~zg
! e fi ~em
 lijef fli|gf g~liček& HyjyĀg je kbmyfgkengl
e mbŶi hgzgfi`bsbxfe! pb`xiťfb hg gpek `ae~gb g|sbj< ~si ťzb li kbmyfgkengle li~z g `bsbx&
 
^sekg ~i kbmyfgkengl~kg zl& `
bsbxfg pxbni~ je xeťčaefgzg fe
kbjgxfgk
$Kb'!
bjeťgaleč
$B'!
pxbsbjfg kefea
$K 
e
'!
pxgmeč
$_'!
jikbjgxfgk
$J'! g fe
pxgmebne
$_
n
'&
 
G|sbx
 pxbsbjg gfcbxmengly gag bhesgli~z! kbly
kbjgxfgk
 pxibhag
čyli y
pbxyky!
bjeťgaleč
 
pbxyky pxibhagčyli
y ~g`fea! mezixgleaef bhagk& Bf ~i mbŶi pxifglizg ~emb ekb li g~zb` bhagke keb pbxyke! zl& ekb
 li y~kaeĕif ~
kefeabm&
 
Hyke
 
 li fiy~kaeĕifb~z miĕy jgliabsgme kbmyfgkengl~kb` aefne
 
kble bmize kbmyfgkengl~ky pxbzbčfb~z pxg
pxglifb~y ~g`feae kxb| pxbsbjfg kefea&
_bsxezfe ~pxi`e
~xij~zsb li kblgm pxgmeaen bhesliťzese g|sbx b pxgmgzky bhesgli~zg!
čgmi ~i |ezsexe
kbmyfgkengl~kg pxbni~&@bsbx li nliabkypef kbmyfgkengl~kg pxbni~! fb y flimy jb g|xeŶele jbae|g ~emb jgb kbmyfgkengl~kb` aefnebj kbjgxfgke jb jikbjgxfgke& Bhesgli~zg ~i mb`y pb~xijbsezg g jxy`gm
`bsbxfgm zi fi`bsbxfgmmijglgme<
nxziŶbm! cbxmyaeme! cgambm! pg~mbm! `i~zbm gzj&
 
G 
= g|sbx jeli bhesgli~z
Kb
= kbjgxfgk pxizsexe bhesgli~z y pbxyky
B
 
= bjeťgaleč
pxizsexe pbxyky y ~g`fea
K
e
 
= pxbsbjfg kefea pxbsbjg ~g`fea
_
 
= pxgmeč
pxizsexe ~g`fea y pbxyky
J
= jikbjgxfgk pxizsexe pbxyky bhesgli~z
_
n
 
= pxgmeaen pxgme bhesgli~z
8&
 
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@BSBX LI ALYJ^KE JLIAEZFB^Z
 
@bsbx li kbmyfgkengle
g|miĕy alyjg g fgči`e jxy`b`
& Kej ~i keŶi |e Ŷgsbzgfli! ~zsexg gag pblmbsi je `bsbxi!zb ~y ysglik ~emb
pli~fgčki
cg`yxi „
mizecbxi! pix~bfgcgkengli
&
_bkyťelg je fiki Ŷgsbzgfli feyči `bsbxgzg pbke|eb li je zb fgli heť mb`yĀi
zl& je Ŷgsbzgfli fimely~pb~bhfb~zg |e zb! e pb`bzbsb je fimely pbzxihi |e `bsbxbm kekes li alyj~kg&
 
\e `bsbx fi keŶimb je li —
miĕyalyj~kg‗ fi`b —alyj~kg‗ ypxesb |ezb ťzb li |e `bsbx pbzxihfe ~emb lijfeb~bhe! zl& mb`yĀi li je čbslik xe|`bsexe ~em ~e ~bhbm& Gpek! `bsbx ~i felčiťĀi bjsgle y miĕyalyj~kgm
bjfb~gme&
 
_b~ihef bhagk ~y|jxŶefb` i`bnifzxgčfb` `bsbxe li~z
yfyzexflg `bsbx gag ~yhsbkeag|engle
& Yfyzexflg
`bsbx gme ~si jbsbalfi ezxghyzi `bsbxe! pe g |syčfb~z! ~emb ťzb li fli`bs |syk fyazi siagčgfi& _xg zbm`bsbxy pb~zblg g mgťgĀfe ekzgsfb~z! g zb y xe|fgm ~zypflisgme&
 
 
@BSBX LI \SYāEF
 
_b~zbli pxbsbjfg kefeag pbpyz
ziaicbfe! xejgle! `xembcbfe g xe|`ae~e
kblg pxifb~i |syk g `bsbx! epb~zbli g pxbsbjfg kefeag kblg fi mb`y y~pb~zesgzg `bsbxfy kbmyfgkengly! fpx&
~agke! pg~mb! cbzb`xecgle
&
Fgli ~seke |syčfe alyj~ke kbmyfgkengle fyŶfb `bsbx! fi`b ~emb bfe kble gme g jxy`i hgzfi b~bhgfi`bsbxe& Fgzg li ~seke |syčfe kbmyfgkengle kbly pxbg
|sbji
`bsbxfg bx`efg
yg~zgfy `bsbx! fgzg ~i jliaezfb~zgpbpyz
~sgxefle gag pali~kefle
yhxelely y `bsbx&Fi`bsbxfg mijglg keb ťzb ~y
`i~zi! mgmgki! zepťefli! xykbsefli g ~agki
 
či~zb jbpyflyly `bsbx&
_bfikej ~y zg mijglg `aesfg! e `bsbx gm li pbpxezef&\sy
čfg `bsbx gme g ~sbli fijb~zezki
 „ bf li
kxezkbjbmizef g zxifyzečef
& Zi li fijb~zezki jbfikaipbkxgab pg~mb! eag fi g hi| ťzizi |e xe|sbl `bsbxe&
 
@BSBX LI B_ZGMEAEF
 
@bsbx li čbsliky
felhbalg g felaekťg fečgf kbmyfgngxefle
& Hi| gkeksgd g|sefl~kgd
pbme`eae čbslik ~čbslikbm pb~zgŶi felhbalg bhesgli~fg pxbzbk y| felmeflg yzxbťek sximife g ifix`gli zi y| felmeflg mifzeafg
fepbx&B~gm
pxesb`e `bsbxe $aeagli'
ysliz bpzgmeafb~zg |ejbsbalese g
aeŶef `bsbx $p~iyjbaeagle'&
Ekbmynesen |e ~ihi fesiji je `bsbxg hi| |emynkgsefle! e zekes my li `bsbx ziŶg fi`b mynefli! zekes li`bsbx aeŶef&
G~zb ~i jb`eĕe ekb ~i `aydbfglime b~bhe xejgli zxyjg le~fb g|`bsexezg ymli~zb je `i~zgkyagxe&\e zekes li `bsbx kexekzixg~zgčfb je fi mbŶi jyali pbzxelezg&
 
 
@BSBX LI ZXBXGZMGāEF
 
@bsbx ~i bjsgle y ziŶflg zxgly g~zbjbhfgd xgzmbse<
xgzme xičifgne! xgzme xgličg g xgzme ~ab`bse
&Zel ysliz fi g~pyflesely fg mfb`g jxy`g sgjbsg bpzgmeafi alyj~ki kbmyfgkengli pbpyz
plisefle!|sgŶjefle! ~mglid
e! paeče
gzj&Zik keje li zel ysl
iz g~pyflif! mb`yĀi li bjxiĕifb `ae~efli pxipb|fezg keb
`bsbx y fipb|fezbm li|gky
zi keb
pxijli|gčfg jličlg `bsbx
&
Je li zxbxgzmgčfb~z seŶfe b~bhgfe `bsbxe pbzsxĕyli g
fli|gf g|b~zefek 
y felkexekzixg~zgčfglgm `bsbxfgmpbximiĀelgme keb ťzb ~y
mynefli!
jličle jg~ce|gle! `bsbx `aydbfglimgd
&

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