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Struggle Against Organized Crime

Struggle Against Organized Crime

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Published by: MagikFungus on Sep 20, 2012
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09/20/2012

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Struggle against Organized Crime,Corruption, Drug Trafficking Connected;
 
Too Big for Countries to Confront on TheirOwn, Third Committee Told
 
Executive Director of UN Office on Drugs and CrimeAddresses Committee;
Says Office Deals with ‘Crucial’
Global Challenges, NeedsSustainable Funding
The struggle against organized crime, corruption and trafficking in illicit drugs andhuman beings is too big for any one country to tackle alone, Yury Fedotov, Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, told the Third Committee (Social, Humanitarianand Cultural) today, as he appealed to Member States for sustainable funding to enable his Officeto fulfil its mandates.
Speaking at the start of the Committee’s general discussion on crim
e prevention andcriminal justice and international drug control, Mr. Fedotov, who was appointed to Head theOffice in July, said the challenges posed by illicit drugs, crime, corruption and terrorism were anintegral part of the United Nations development and security agenda.
“Development needssecurity to succeed,” he said.
 
“It needs solid, functioning institutions, grounded in the rule of law.”
 
“All these issues are connected, so we cannot address them in isolation,” he
added.
“They are also transnat
ional
 — 
and they are too big for countries to confront on their
own.”
 
 
 Organized crime and corrupt institutions could only be challenged if States displayed acollective will to do so, he said, calling for a redoubling of efforts to implement the Conventionagainst Transnational Organized Crime and its three protocols, as well as the Convention againstCorruption. He also welcomed the Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons thatwas adopted by the General Assembly on 30 July 2010 and the United Nations Voluntary TrustFund for Victims of Trafficking, which is to be launched in New York next month.The global challenges the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
addressed were all “crucial concerns’ and among the priorities set out
by the Secretary-Generalin his strategic framework for 2010-
2011, yet the General Assembly allocated “less than one
per
cent” of the regular budget of the United Nations to the Office, Mr. Fedotov said.
 
“If the
threats to development and security that we are tackling are so urgent, then surely UNODC
requires a large share of the United Nations regular budget,” he added, as he appealed for afunding model that would be “sustainable, predictable and stable”.
 Delegations from 31 Member States took the
opportunity to speak during today’s general
discussion, with corruption, drug trafficking and human trafficking among the issues raised intheir remarks.The representative of Afghanistan, whose country is identified as a leading source of opium, said narcotics were an international problem that needed to be addressed throughinternational and regional efforts. The Government of Afghanistan was committed to fightingdrugs, and it had done much in past years, but had much left to accomplish, and becauseproduction of drugs was linked to terrorism and extremist activities, the two issues needed to betackled in tandem, he said.The representative of Mexico called on all Governments to redouble their efforts in acollective struggle against drug trafficking, with comprehensive strategies aimed at reducing thesupply and consumption of illicit drugs and addressing related crimes, such as money-launderingand arms trafficking. Mexico would be presenting an omnibus draft resolution on the issueduring the current General Assembly session, he added.Cybercrime was mentioned by some delegations, with the representative of the Republicof Korea citing the use of social networking tools for a variety of crimes, including sexual
 
offences and bullying. Her counterpart from the Russian Federation, speaking in a nationalcapacity, suggested that States consider a universal convention on cyber crime.Also speaking today were the representatives of Belgium (on behalf of the EuropeanUnion), Jamaica (on behalf of Caribbean Community), Swaziland (on behalf of the SouthernAfrican Development Communities), Russian Federation (on behalf of the Commonwealth of Independent states), Kazakhstan (on behalf of the Cooperation and Security TreatyOrganization), United States, Liechtenstein, Egypt, China, Sudan, Cuba, Israel, Brazil, CostaRica, Iran, Japan, Nicaragua, Thailand, Norway, Malaysia, Kenya, Belarus, Ukraine, Bolivia,Syria, Singapore, Trinidad and Tobago, and Algeria.Mr. Fedotov engaged in a short question-and-answer session with the Committee,responding to questions relating to human trafficking, the health perspective on drug use, andassistance to criminal justice systems in Africa.The Committee will meet again at 10 a.m., Thursday, 7 October, to conclude its generaldiscussion on crime prevention and criminal justice and international drug control.BackgroundThe Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural) met today to begin its generaldiscussion on crime prevention, criminal justice and international drug control.It had before it the report of the United Nations African Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (document A/65/114), which serves as the entry point fortechnical assistance on crime prevention provided by international networks to Africa. Itoutlines the programmes and operations of the Institute and illustrates the ways in which it isseeking to meet the needs of its member States. Africa suffers from factors that impede itsability to detect crime, enabling criminal bands to operate in mainstream public services, thereport states. Calls have thus been made for a review of law-enforcement procedures and inlegislation, correction systems and criminal justice systems. More and more, good governance inAfrica is understood to be personal responsibility and collective accountability, enhancing theview that the rule of law is a prerequisite for development. Fighting crimes requires internationalnational, regional and international strategies rooted in global cooperation.

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