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Hardrock EMS Guide

Hardrock EMS Guide

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Published by: nationalmining on Sep 20, 2012
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Hardrock Mining and BenefciationEnvironmental Management System Guide
 
September 2012
 
2
© 2012 National Mining Association
Contents
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
A. Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3B. Overview of an Environmental Management System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3C. Overview of This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
2. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
A. Purpose of This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4B. Overview of an Environmental Management System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4C. Implementation Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
3. INITIAL IMPLEMENTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
A. Plan Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5B. Set Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8C. Identify Environmental Aspects and Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9D. Identify Applicable Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10E. Assess Environmental Aspects, Impacts, and Existing Operational Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14F. Improve Operational Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
4. CONTINUAL IMPROVEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
A. Monitor Programs and Assess Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27B. Conduct Management Review and Establish Improvement Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
5. THIRD-PARTY CERTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29Appendix 1: Overview o ISO 14001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31Appendix 2: Overview o U.S. Federal Environmental Laws and RegulationsPotentially Applicable to Hardrock Mining Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34Appendix 3: Assessment o Signifcant Environmental Aspects—Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37Appendix 4: Assessment o Controls and Residual Risk—Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42Appendix 5: Operational Control Tables or Common Signifcant Environmental Aspectsor Mining Operations Only—Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
 
© 2012 National Mining Association
3
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
A. Background
Tis
Hardrock Mining and Benefciation Environmental Management System Guide 
(EMS Guide) was developedto assist hardrock mining companies in developing and implementing environmental management systems(EMSs) that can be customized to a company’s unique operating circumstance and management culture. Although this guide is specically intended or small- to medium-sized operators, larger operators may alsobenet rom using this guide, even i they have already implemented an EMS. Te guide includes several toolsand examples to help companies get started quickly and avoid common pitalls. Tis guide does not ocus onthird-party certication o an ISO 14001 EMS; however, ISO 14001 and certication is covered.
B. Overview o an Environmental Management System
 An EMS provides a clearly dened and structured approach to managing environmental perormance—itincludes all o the procedures, practices, people, equipment, and technology at a acility. An EMS typically ollows a “plan-do-check-act” continuous improvement process. Although many models and structures are usedor an EMS, they all essentially address the ollowing items:
•
Identiying applicable legal requirements, impacts, and risks;
•
Implementing controls to manage those requirements, impacts, and risks (controls are broadly denedto include procedures, training, inspections, equipment, etc.);
•
Monitoring the implementation o the controls and resulting perormance over time; and
•
Setting goals and taking action to ensure continuous improvement.Most EMSs are ocused on delivering reliable regulatory compliance and reducing adverse impacts to theenvironment, though reductions in costs and risks as well as improved reputation and access to markets are alsoimportant outcomes or many.
C. Overview o This Guide
Tis EMS Guide describes a process or implementing an EMS at hardrock mining and beneciation opera-tions. Te process is supported by specic tools and examples to assist with EMS implementation. Specically,this guide provides:1. An example o an EMS task orce charter and kicko meeting agenda;2. An example o an environmental policy;3. ypical environmental aspects and potential impacts or a mining and beneciation operation;4. Example o a compliance calendar;5. A tool or assessing the signicance o environmental aspects or mining operations;6. A tool or assessing controls and residual risk or mining operations;7. An example o a training needs assessment matrix;8. Example o a list o EMS documents and records that acilities should maintain and control;9. Example o operational controls or signicant environmental aspects or mining operations; and10. An example o an action plan ormat.In addition, this EMS guide provides a process or monitoring and assessing perormance through manage-ment review and presents an overview o U.S. ederal environmental laws and regulations that are potentially applicable to hardrock mining operations.

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