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Espionage Spy Biographies

Espionage Spy Biographies

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Published by EyemanProphet

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Published by: EyemanProphet on Sep 20, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Spy BiographiesKlaus Fuchs
: Klaus Fuchs was born in Germany in 1911, but fled to Englandbefore the outbreak of World War II. In 1937he earned a PhD in Physics from the Universityof Bristol and went on to work on Britain’satomic bomb research project. In 1943 Fuchswas transferred to America to work on theManhattan Project, as part of the TheoreticalPhysics Division.Fuchs started passing information to theRussians in 1941, first from Britain, and later the United States. This information includedthe theoretical outline for developing ahydrogen bomb, which he passed to AlexandreFeklisov, his KGB Case Officer. Fuchs alsopassed information to Harry Gold, who actedas a courier for a variety of Russian spy rings.Fuchs returned to England in 1946 and eventually admitted to his espionageactivities in 1950. His statement led to the arrest of Harry Gold, which in turnled to the arrest of David Greenglass and the Rosenberg spy ring.Because he had acted as a spy during World War II, when Russia was an allyof the United Kingdom, Fuchs was sentenced to just fourteen years in prison,the maximum possible for passing military secrets to a friendly nation.
Harry Gold
: Harry Gold was born in Pennsylvania on December 12 1910 to apoor Russian family. He became interested in Socialism as a young man andthis eventually led to contacts within the Communist movement. He was firstrecruited into espionage on behalf of the Soviet Union during the 1930s,acting as a courier for a variety of Russian spy rings.Karl Fuchs, a Soviet spy working on the Manhattan project, eventuallyidentified Gold as a courier. Under interrogation Gold also admitted toreceiving information from David Greenglass, who was arrested, along withthe rest of the Rosenberg spy ring, in 1950. The next year, Harry Gold wassentenced to thirty years in prison.
Alexandre Feklisov
: Alexandre Feklisov worked at the Russian consulateoffice in New York from 1940 to 1946. However, hisdiplomatic role was a cover for his true activities as aKGB Case Officer, recruiting agents to work as spies for the Soviet Union.These recruits included Karl Fuchs, who he met at leastsix times, and Julius Rosenberg, who he identified asone of his most valuable assets. Feklisov returned tothe USSR in 1946, but went on to play a key part inresolving the Cuban Missile Crisis whilst working inWashington during the 1960s.
Anatoli Yatskov
: During the 1940s, Anatoli Yatskov worked as the GeneralConsul at the Russian consulate office in New York. At the same time he wasalso acting as a Senior Case Officer for the Russian spy network in the UnitedStates.Yatskov played a key role in acquiring information from the ManhattanProject, the wartime effort to develop the first atomic weapons. Hecollaborated with both Harry Gold and Julius Rosenberg, as well as manyother spies. Before his death, Yatskov, claimed that less than half of hisnetwork had been uncovered, including ‘Perseus’, who he said was a major source of information.Yatskov was highly decorated in the Soviet Union, receiving various honoursincluding the badge of Honourable State Security Agent.
David Greenglass
:David Greenglass worked at theLos Alamos Laboratory as part of the Manhattan Project, whilstserving in the United States Army.Greenglass was a talentedmachinist who made implosiondetonators as part of the wartimeeffort to develop the first atomicweapons.Greenglass was recruited into espionage by his wife, a member of the YoungCommunist League. He passed information on his work to both Harry Gold,who acted as a courier for a variety of Russian spy rings, and his brother inlaw Julius Rosenberg.Unknown to Greenglass, Klaus Fuchs was also passing information to theSoviet Union from within Los Alamos. When Fuchs admitted to his espionageactivities the trail soon led to David Greenglass, who was arrested in June1950.When the FBI questioned Greenglass he agreed to testify against Julius andEthel Rosenberg in exchange for immunity for his wife. During his trial heclaimed that Ethel Rosenberg had typed up his notes to pass on to theRussians. However, this job was probably carried out by his wife who wasgiven the codename “Osa”. As a result of the Rosenberg trial, EthelRosenberg was executed in June 1953, whilst Ruth Greenglass remainedfree, caring for the couples children. David Greenglass was sentenced to 15years in prison. Upon his release he was reunited with his wife.
Ruth Greenglass:
Greenglass was recruited into espionage by her brother in law Julius Rosenberg.Her husband was DavidGreenglass, a talented machinistwho made implosion lenses aspart of the wartime effort todevelop the first atomic weapons.In November 1944, after Rosenberg had told Ruth thepurpose of the Manhattan Project,she visited her husband in NewMexico and asked him pass on information about the project. It is likely thatshe typed up his notes to pass on to the Russians. She testified against theRosenbergs at their trial and was never jailed for her part in the spy ring.

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