Lecture Notes IV compiled by Dr. Abhijit Kar Gupta, firstname.lastname@example.org
Consider two similar matrices,
Thus the similar matrices have same characteristic polynomials.
In our previous lecture, we defined the inner product on complex vector space.
, for complex numbers,
, for complex matrices.For Unitary Matrices (usually complex),
The product of two unitary matrices is a unitary matrix. The inverse of a unitary matrix isanother unitary matrix. Identity matrix is unitary. The unitary matrices form a group called
.Consider a special unitary matrix,
, where the determinant,
special unitary matrices form a
special unitary group