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Model Rocketry Technical Guide

Model Rocketry Technical Guide

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Model Rocketry
Model Rocketry

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Aviation/Space History Library on Sep 21, 2012
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02/28/2013

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By William SimonUpdated and edited by Thomas Beach and Joyce Guzik 
EstesEducator.com
Model RocketryTechnical Manual
Welcome to the Exciting World of Estes Model Rocketry!
© 2012 Estes-Cox Corp.
educator@estesrockets.com
 
800.820.0202
®
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TopicPageWhy Estes Model Rocketry3A Safe Program3Your First Model Rocket3Construction Techniques3Types of Glues3Finishing6Stability7Swing Test For Stability8Preparing For Flight8Igniter Installation9Launching9Countdown Checklist10Tracking10Trackers 10Recovery Systems11Multi-Staging11Clustering13Model Rocket Engines14NAR Safety Code15Publicationsback cover
INTRODUCTION
Welcome to the exciting world of Estes®model rocketry! This technical manual waswritten to provide both an easy-to-follow guidefor the beginner and a reference for the experi-enced rocket enthusiast. Here you’ll find theanswers to the most frequently asked ques-tions. More complete technical information onall the subjects can be found on the Estes®website (www.estesrockets.com) and the EstesEducator™ website (www.esteseducator.com)
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*Copyright 1970, 1989,1993, 2003 Estes-Cox Corp. All Rights Reserved.Estes is a registered trademark of Estes-Cox Corp.
 
WHY ESTES MODEL ROCKETRY?
The hobby of model rocketry originated at the dawn of thespace age in the late 1950’s. Seeing space boosters carry thefirst artificial satellites into Earth’s orbit inspired many enthu-siastic young people to try to emulate the rocket pioneers bybuilding their own rockets. Unfortunately, these homemade“rockets” usually involved stuffing flammable chemicals intometal pipes, very often with tragic results. Newspapers told of fingers and eyes lost —and all too frequently of lives lost. Whatwas needed was a safe alternative that would allow young peo-ple to experience the thrill of constructing and launching theirown rockets and provide them with the opportunity to explorethe fascinating science of rocketry. Estes model rocketry is theanswer.
A SAFE PROGRAM
Estes model rocketry is a safe activity because it incorporatesthree important features. The first is the model rocket engine, aprofessionally manufactured, low cost, solid-fuel rocket engine.This frees the rocket builder from the inherently dangerous pro-cedures of mixing chemicals and packing propellant.The second feature is the use of safe materials for constructingthe rockets. All model rockets are built using only lightweightmaterials such as paper, plastic, and wood. Metal parts arenever used for the main structural components of the model.The third feature is the incorporation of the Model RocketSafety Code into all our flying activities. The safety code pro-vides guidelines for the safe operation of model rockets, suchas launching the rockets electrically from a safe distance, andusing recovery systems to gently return the model to Earth.When the safety code is followed, model rocketry is an extreme-ly safe activity, safer than baseball, soccer, or swimming. Ourhobby’s excellent safety record spans over 45 years and 300million rocket launches.
YOUR FIRST MODEL ROCKET
The Estes Alpha® is shown here to illustrate the parts of atypical model rocket for the beginning rocket builder. Theconstruction techniques used in this and other model rocketsare explained in greater detail in this manual.For your first model rocket we recommend one of the EstesE2X® series. No modeling experience is needed to build anE2X® model. Construction involves almost no cutting or sand-ing, and the models do not need painting.The Skill Level 1 models are an excellent choice for your sec-ond or third model. These models are also a good startingpoint if you have previous model building experience.As your knowledge of rocketry and your modeling skillsincrease you can move up to building higher skill level models,and eventually to building your own custom designs from partsavailable in the Estes catalog.
CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES
In the construction of your Estes model rockets you will typi-cally need the following tools and supplies (see kit instructionsfor specific requirements):Modeling knifeScissorsRulerSpray PrimerSpray paintTube-type plastic cementMasking tapeFine and extra fine sandpaperWhite glue or carpenter’s glueAlways exercise care when using a modeling knife (they arevery sharp!) and don’t leave the knife laying around after youfinish with it. Use some sort of cutting board under the knife.A smooth, flat piece of board is great; an old phone book orthick catalog also works well on a hard surface. Use newspa-per to protect your work surface from accidental glue spills.
TYPES OF GLUE
Several types of glues and adhesives are commonly used inthe construction of model rockets; the proper glue to usedepends on the application.
1. White Glue: This glue works on porous materials such aspaper and balsa. It is a good choice for engine mounts,balsa and fiber fins, launch lugs, paper parts, and forapplying fillets to fin-body joints.2. Aliphatic Glue: Also known as “wood glue” or “carpen-ters glue”; it is usually yellow or tan in color. It is used just like white glue, but it is stronger and dries faster.3. Tube-type Plastic Cement: This thick, clear liquid is usedto glue styrene plastic parts to porous materials such aspaper. It is typically used to glue plastic parts to bodytubes. Some E2X series kits use this glue for assembly.4. Liquid Styrene Cement: This thin, clear liquid is used tobond styrene parts together. The cement comes in a bot-tle and is applied with a small brush.5. Cyanoacrylate: Commonly known as “super” or “instant”glues, these adhesives are available in both thin andthick formulations. Because this type of glue caninstantly bond skin, it should never be used by unsuper-vised children. Eye protection and gloves are recom-mended. These adhesives are useful for quick assemblyor field repairs. They work well for gluing plastic partsto balsa or body tubes.6. Epoxies: These two-part adhesives are also recommend-ed for the advanced modeler. Epoxy provides extrastrength for the engine mounts and fins of high-thrustrocket kits. It also makes excellent fin fillets in one step.
1. ENGINE MOUNTING METHODS
It is important to have a strong engine mount. This securesthe engine, allowing it to “push” your rocket into the air.
Engine Block Installation
Some models use an engine block to keep the engine fromtraveling too far forward in the rocket body when the rocket islaunched.When building a model, use an engine casing (or the specialspacer tube supplied in some kits) to push the engine block intoposition. First, mark the engine casing 1/4 inch from the end.Apply glue to the inside of the tube using a cotton swab or smalldowel. Place the engine block just inside the rear of the bodytube, then push the block forward into position with the enginecasing in one smooth motion so the glue will not freeze theblock in the wrong place. When the mark on the engine casingis even with the rear of the body tube the block will then be inthe correct position. Remove the engine casing immediately.
CenteringRingsENGINE MOUNTASSEMBLYEngineHookEngineHolder Tube
®  
Shock CordMountBody TubeLaunch LugEngine MountAssemblyEngineHookFinsParachuteShockCordNoseConeShroudLines
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