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InTech-Implementation of Iso 14000 in Luggage Manufacturing Industry a Case Study

InTech-Implementation of Iso 14000 in Luggage Manufacturing Industry a Case Study

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Published by: Devspring on Sep 21, 2012
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15
Implementation of ISO 14000 in LuggageManufacturing Industry: A Case Study
S. B.
 Jaju
G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Department of MechanicalEngineering, Nagpur India
1. Introduction
Definitions of EMS as provided by three separate documents onenvironmental management systems are as given below
ISO 14001:
"the organizational structure, responsibilities, practices, procedures,processesand resources for implementing and maintaining environmentalmanagement"
BS 7750:
"the organizational structure, responsibilities, procedures, processesand resources for implementing environmental management"
Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS):
"that part of the overallmanagement system which includes the organizational structure,responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes and resources fordetermining and implementing the environmental policy"
2. Development of the ISO 14000 series
 The ISO 14000 family includes the ISO 14001 standard, which represents the setof standards used by various types of organizations for designing andimplementing an effective environmental management system. The majorobjective of the ISO 14000 series of norms is "to promote more effective andefficient environmental management in organizations and to provide useful andusable tools - ones that are cost effective, system-based, and flexible and reflectthe best organizations and the best organizational practices available forgathering, interpreting and communicating environmentally relevantinformation".Unlike previous environmental regulations, which began with commandand control approaches, later replaced with ones based on marketmechanisms, ISO 14000 was based on a voluntary approach to environmentalregulation. The series includes the ISO 14001 standard, which providesguidelines for the establishment or improvement of an EMS. The standardshares many common traits with its predecessor ISO 9000, theinternational standard of quality management, which served as a model for itsinternal structure and both can be implemented side by side. As with ISO9000, ISO 14000 acts both as an internal management tool and as a way odemonstrating a company’s environmental commitment to its customers andclients.Prior to the development of the ISO 14000 series, organizations voluntarilyconstructed theirown EMS systems, but this made comparisons of environmental effects betweencompanies difficult and therefore the universal ISO 14000 series was developed.
 
An EMS is defined by
 
298
Environmental Management in Practice
ISO as: “part of the overall management system, that includesorganisational structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices,procedures, processes and resources for developing, implementing,achieving and maintaining the environmental policy’.
3. Driving forces
Environmentalconcerns
For a number of years preceding the introduction of a formal EMS, there was agenuine concern about its various environmental impacts. Some typicalexamples of impacts are:
energy and resource usage (electricity, gas ,water)
raw material usage (paper, plates, inks, packaging,chemicals, film)
general waste(domestic)
recyclable waste (paper, timber, aluminum, silver,plastics)
hazardous waste (chemical wastes, liquid effluent, airemissions)
nuisances (noise, litter, dust,odors)
contracted activities (transport, subcontractedprinting work)
product end use anddisposal
Legalobligations
Over recent years, there have been considerable changes in environmentallegislation. Every organisation wants to address its legal obligations, suchas compliance with effluent discharge license parameters, or local authorityplanning requirements. Integrated Pollution Control licensing, for instance, willeventually oblige most industries to comply with stricter industry guidelines onpollution control, with the threat of heavy financial penalties resulting fromnon-compliance.
Customerpressure
Lot of pressure is from customer end that is the basic aim of any organisation.Ultimately customer should have faith in the industry that the said industry ishaving compliance for environmental parameters.
4. Basic principles and methodology
 The fundamental principle and overall goal of the ISO 14001 standard, is theconcept of continual improvement. ISO 14001 is based on the Plan-Do-Check-Act methodology, grouped into five phases that relate to Plan-Do-Check-Act; Environmental Policy, Planning, Implementation & Operation, Checking& Corrective Action and lastly Management Review.
Plan establish objectives andprocesses required

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