Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
3Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
e paper

e paper

Ratings: (0)|Views: 115|Likes:
Published by Sudheesh Vs

More info:

Published by: Sudheesh Vs on Sep 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/14/2013

pdf

text

original

 
SEMINAR REPORT 2012
-
EPAPER DISPLAY
 
MPTC MATTAKKRA DEPRT.APPLIED ELECTERONICS
1
1. INTRODUCTION
Today's electronic displays have ever more evolved to be more lightweight,efficient and clear. Yet the importance of the paper has not diminished. We still preferit to others for a variety of reasons including its readability, high contrast, convenienthandling, minimum power requirement cost and strain less reading it offers. At thesame time, an electronic display offers us a paperless environment and relieves usfrom carrying loads of paper for referring to information when required.Electronic ink is a pioneering invention that combines all the desired featuresof a modern electronic display and the sheer convenience and physical versatility of sheet of paper. E-paper or electronic paper is sometimes called radio paper or smartpaper. Paper would be perfect except for one obvious thing: printed words can'tchange. The effort is to create a dynamic high-resolution electronic display that's thinand flexible enough to become the next generation of paper.The technology has been identified and develop ed is well under way. Withinfive years, it is envisioned electronic books that can display volumes of information aseasily as flipping a page and permanent newspapers that update themselves daily viawireless broadcast. They deliver the readability of paper under virtually anycondition, without backlighting. And electronic ink displays are persistent withoutpower, drawing current only when they change, which means batteries can be smallerand last longer.
 
SEMINAR REPORT 2012 E-PAPER DISPLAY
MPTC MATTAKKRA DEPRT.APPLIED ELECTERONICS
 
2
1.1 History
Electronic paper was first developed in the 1970s by Nick Sheridon at
Xerox’s Palo Alto Research center. The first electronic paper, called Gyricon,
consisted of tiny, statically charged balls that were black on one side and white on theother. The "text" of the paper was altered by the presence of an electric field, whichturned the balls up or down.In the1990sanother type of electronic paper was invented byJoseph Jacobson,who later co- founded the corporationE Inkwhich formed a partnership withPhilips Components two years later to develop and market the technology
 
SEMINAR REPORT 2012 E-PAPER DISPLAY
MPTC MATTAKKRA DEPRT.APPLIED ELECTERONICS
 
3
2. TECHNOLOGY USED
2.1 Gyricon
Electronic paper was first developed in the 1970s by Nick Sheridon at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center.The first electronic paper, calledGyricon, consisted of polyethylene spheres between 75 and 106 micrometers across. Eachsphere is aJanus particlecomposed of negatively charged black plastic on one sideand positively charged white plastic on the other(each bead is thus a dipole). Thespheres are embedded in a transparent silicone sheet, with each sphere suspended in abubble of oil so that they can rotate freely. The polarity of the voltage applied to eachpair of electrodes then determines whether the white or black side is face- up, thusgiving the pixel a white or black appearance. At the FPD 2008 exhibition, Japanesecompany Soken has demonstrated a wall with electronic wall-paper using thistechnology
2.2 Electrophoretic
An electrophoretic display forms visible images by rearranging chargedpigment particles using an appliedelectric field. 
Fig-.1: Basic Scheme of an Electrophoretic Display

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->