Compilation of Notes of ELE3104 By Cg Mohd Ridzuan al-
Kindy™ (IPG KDRI)
Refer to the accuracy of an examiner in markingany candidates answer.
Examiners need to give same marks of the sameanswer of candidates according to markingscheme
Closed-ended question has highest objectivityrather than open-ended question.
To improve the marking for open-ended question,the analytical marking scheme and moderation.
Refer to the smooth implementation of the testingprocess in room / examination room.
The whole process of conducting the test frombeginning stage of preparing the question papersuntil the ending stage of
marking the candidates’
answer script can be carried out smoothly.
Refer to the result of the candidates’
achievement which can easily interpret andassessed by the way providing clear and usefulinformation according to the objective of the test.
The result is easily collected and converted tostatistical form
Clear picture of interpretation that can guidethe analyser to make follow up action
Types of Tests
Formative and Summative Assessment
Aspects Formative SummativeConcept
A type of formal andinformal test toassess theeffectiveness of skillmastering andprogress of learningin class. A type of formal test
to access pupils’
achievement incertain schoolinglevel
To ascertain theeffectiveness of skillmastering and
To correctweaknessesimmediately in class
To determine pupils’
achievement basedon a few learningunits and arrangetheir grades levelaccordingly ActivityTo carry out formalor informal testindividually, in groupor in class duringlearningTo use a few periodto carry out formaltest in class or year (cohort)
To carry out after teaching one or several skillsTo carry out after teaching a fewlearning units
observation /questioning anddiscussionFormal
paper &pencil test in shorttimeFormal
paper &pencil / oral testwithin suitableperiod
Individually, groupsor whole classThe whole class or year (cohort)
Cover certain skill(informal) or a fewskill (formal)Cover a few learningunits or certainschooling level
No record (informal)and the use of checklist / performancerecord (formal)Profile record /certificate
Correctweaknessimmediately /carry outremediation /enrichment
Replacing pupilsin suitablelearning group
Place pupils insuitable group /class
Plan and modifylesson /curriculum /
Award certificatebased onachievement inexaminationFormal and Informal Evaluation
Formal assessmentshave data whichsupport theconclusions made fromthe test (standardizedmeasures)
Informal assessmentsare not data driven butrather content andperformance driven.
Pupils will be assessedand graded accordingto standardized grade
Pupil will be assessedaccording rubric scores
Pupils achievementwritten in % or grade(standard score)
Pupils achievementwritten in score (such10/15
Assess overallachievement, tocompare a student'sperformance withothers
Assess criterionreferenced measuresor performance basedmeasures
More to quantitativemeasurement
More to qualitativemeasurement