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Unit 1 Definitions/key terms Varcarolis Mental Health Nursing

Unit 1 Definitions/key terms Varcarolis Mental Health Nursing

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Published by: atl_nurse_student on Sep 22, 2012
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Evelyn RabyUnit 1 DefinitionsChapter 1Advanced practice registered nurse- psychiatric mental health: A nurse generalist who hasobtained additional training to provide care as a clinical nurse specialist with advanced nursingexpertise or as a nurse practitioner who diagnoses, prescribes, and treats psychiatric disorders.Basic level registered nurse: Any nurse with basic training (diploma, associate degree,baccalaureate degree) in nursing. Any nurse with basic training (diploma, associate degree,baccalaureate degree) in nursingClinical epidemiology: Science of making predictions about individual patients by countingclinical events in groups of similar patients and using strong scientific methods to ensure that thepredictions are accurate. (an approach to obtaining the kind of information that clinicians need tomake good decisions in care of patients.)Comorbid condition: having more than one mental disorder at a timeDiagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition, text revision DSM-IV-TRIElectronic healthcare: the provision of health care through methods which are not face-to-facebut rathar through an electronic mediumEpidemiology: Branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and controlof diseases that affect large numbers of people.Evidenced based practice: clinical decision-making that integrates the best available researchwith clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferencesIncidence: rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence of infant mortalityMental health: the state of mental well-being in which one can cope with the demands of dailylifeMental health continuum: line used to represent levels of mental health and mental illness thatvary from person to person and vary for a particular person over timeMental illness: a psychological dysfunction experienced by an individual which usually involvesdistress, impairment in the ability to cope with everyday life, and thoughts, feelings and/orbehavior that are not typical of the person or appropriate within their society and/or culture.Nursing interventions classification (NIC): comprehensive, validated list of nursing interventionsapplicable to all settings that can by used by nursing
Nursing outcomes classification (NOC): a taxonomy for describing client outcomes that respondto nursing interventionsPhenomena of concern: The central interests of a particular discipline. In nursing they arecommonly considered to be person, health, environment, and nursingPrevalence: The percentage of a population that exhibits a disorder during a specified time periodPsychiatric mental health nursing: A core mental health that employs a purposeful use of self asits art and a wide range of nursing, psychosocial and neurobiological theories as its science
Psychiatry’s definition of mental illness
:Registered nurse-psychiatric mental health (RN-PMH): a nursing graduate who possesses adiploma, associate degree, or baccalaureate degree and chooses to work in the specialty of psychiatric mental nursingResilience: the personal strength that helps most people cope with stress and recover fromadversity and even traumaChapter 2Automatic thoughts: rapid, unthinking responses based on schemasBehavioral therapy: this therapy is effective in treating people with phobias, alcoholism,schizophrenia, and many other conditions. There are four types of this therapy: -modeling-operant conditioning-systemic desensitization-aversion therapy.Biofeedback: a clinical technique used to help a person learn to relax by monitoring muscletension, heart rate, brainwave activity, or other body activitiesClassical conditioning: A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli andanticipate eventsCognitive behavior therapy (CBT): based on the underlying theoretical principle that how peoplefeel and behave is largely determined by the way they think about the world and their place in it.attitudes or assumptions developed from previous experiences.Cognitive distortions: Irrational thoughts that arise from systematic bias in the way a personthinks about realityConditioning: a method of controlling or influencing the way people or animals behave or think by using a gradual training processConscious: part of mind that Freud described as containing all the material a person is aware of at any one time
Countertransference: the health care workers unconscious, personal response to the patient. Forinstance, if the pt reminds you of someone you do not like, you may unconsciously react as if thept were that individual.Defense mechanism: in psychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of reducing anxietyby unconsciously distorting realityEgo: the largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediatesamong the demands of the id, superego, and realityExtinction: a conditioning process in which the reinforcer is removed and a conditioned responsebecomes independent of the conditioned stimulusId: the part of the unconscious personality that contains our needs, drives, instincts, andrepressed materialInterpersonal psychotherapy: A form of psychotherapy that focuses on helping clients improvecurrent relationshipsMilieu therapy: 24 hour environmental therapy to shelter, protect, support by assisting patientswith learning to manage/cope with stress and understand how to correct maladaptive behaviorsNegative reinforcement: increasing the strength of a given response by removing or preventing apainful stimulus when the response occursPositive reinforcement: increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli, such as food. Apositive reinforcer is any stimulus that, when presented after a response, strengthens theresponse.Preconscious: in Freud's theory, the level of consciousness in which thoughts and feelings are notconscious but are readily retrievable to consciousnessPsychodynamic therapy: Therapy that seeks to bring unresolved past conflicts and unacceptableimpulses from the unconscious into the conscious, where patients may deal with the problemsmore effectivelyPunishment:
can be either positive or negative, intended to reduce the occurrence of a behaviorReinforcement: (psychology) a stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that produceditSuperego: the part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals andprovides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirationsTransference: (psychoanalysis) the process whereby emotions are passed on or displaced fromone person to another

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