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Published by: CheapestPapers on Sep 22, 2012
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04/23/2014

 
SummaryRunning head: SUMMARYSummary[Author’s Name][Tutor’s Name][Class]1
 
SummaryAbstractComputer forensics emerged as a scientific response to the increased used of computersand information technologies, as well as the legal response to the growing number of crimesinvolving computer and information solutions. A whole set of legal and administrative lawsand guidelines govern computer forensics, but the USA Patriot Act is fairly regarded as the firstand probably, the major legal aspect of computer forensics today. In his article, Null (2005) provides a detailed observation of what computer forensics is and how the USA Patriot Actrefers to the current system of computer forensics principles.2
 
SummarySummaryComputer forensics emerged as a scientific response to the increased use of computersand information technologies, as well as the legal response to the growing number of crimesinvolving computer and IT solutions. A whole set of legal and administrative laws andguidelines govern computer forensics, but the USA Patriot Act is fairly regarded as the first and probably, the major legal driver of computer forensics today. In his article, Null (2005) provides a detailed observation of what computer forensics is and how the USA Patriot Actgoverns the current system of principles in computer forensics.According to Null (2005) in 2004 alone companies reported more than $377 millionlosses because of computer related crimes. Given that more and more courts turn to computersand information as the major sources of evidence in criminal cases, computer forensics isgradually becoming the key element of successful crime investigation. Generally, computer forensics is defined as “the process of scientifically examining and analyzing data anywherefrom computer storage to media so that the data can be used as evidence in court” (Null, 2005).Computer forensics involves a range of computer investigation and identification processes,from extracting and preserving the data up to interpreting and presenting this data in court.Although the U.S. market for computer forensics constantly grows, there is still a shortage of  professionals and experts, as well as the lack of practical experience and knowledge in differentcomputer subjects (Null, 2005). However, not the state of science and art in computer forensics but its legality attracts special attention. In this context, Null (2005) suggests that the USAPatriot Act is “one of the most influential federal statutes to be put in place because of the useof computer forensics in law enforcement”. Null (2005) believes that the USA Patriot Act hascompletely changed the way professionals in computer forensics operate when gathering andinterpreting digital evidence. Null (2005) asserts that sections 202 and 209 of the Patriot Acthave caused the major shifts in the current professional attitudes to computer forensics.3

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