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New Europe Print Edition Issue 999

New Europe Print Edition Issue 999

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Published by: New Europe Newspaper on Sep 23, 2012
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19thYear of Publication | Number 999 | 23 - 29 September, 2012| € 3.50
 The Prime Minister of Malta LawrenceGonzi and his Minister for Resources ,have taken New Europe to the FirstInstance Court of Brussels asking for€25.000 each on the grounds that they  were offended by an interview publishedin February 27, 2012, (statements by Captain Paul Watson head of NGO “SeaShepard”), despite neither their names northeir government having been mentioned. The allegations of Paul Watson werereferring to bluefin tuna (a spieces underextinction), fished in Malta. The lawsuit was filed with the Belgian Court on 31 July and the first trial took place on 4September but the Court declared its self non-competent and we are now waiting tohear from the judiciary when and wherethe next trial will be.Following the documents given to usfrom the Court New Europe was madeaware of a letter from the Minister of resources George Pullicino sent to us on30 April 30 (via a law firm and not via thePress Office of the Maltese Embassy inBrussels). The letter was never receivedotherwise we would have published itimmediately. As we received the letter weprint it on page 10 (see also p 4 and 11).In his letter the good Minister, amongothers, says that
“the Maltese authoritiesvoluntarily, etc…
. In preparing our defenseand counter-suit, however, we found a “fis-che d’infraction (same dates referring tothe “voluntary” contingency measures of the Minister) and the relevant “mise endemeure” letter of the Commission (seepages 4 and 11) which claim the opposite,i.e.
“Malta replied to the letter of formal notice of November 30 (2007). The Maltese authorities, have recognized the failuresmentioned by the Commission.” 
Since in their lawsuit against New Europe Messers Gonzi and Pullicino claimthat we did not contact them to get theiropinion before publishing the Watson inter- view (we publish in a free and democraticcountry, Belgium, and we never follow suchpractice). This time, before making thispublication, we invited Mr. Gonzi and Mr.Pullicino (directly and through theirPermanent Delegation to the EU inBrussels) to comment on the Commissionsdocuments, which contradict the statementsof the Resources minister, at the time of going to print we have not received any comment.
 New Europ
For the first time in its history, Georgiahas a strong opposition capable of aid-ing the complete transition to democ-racy, a senior political figue has said.In an interview with New Europe, veteran Georgian diplomat and formerForeign Minister, Tedo Japaridze, whois now the opposition Georgian DreamSecretary for International Affairs, saidthat the parliamentary elections inGeorgia on 1 October will be a test of how far the nation has travelledtowards democracy.“These are not like European elec-tions, but they are very vibrant”, said Japaridze.” It’s a typical post-sovietelection, we can talk about indepen-dence and democracy but our mind-sets are still post-soviet, so it’s also a very painful mental and psychologicaltransition.”“It’s still a system of one strong man,his inner circle, weak institutions. Inreality we’re just at the beginning of democracy, it will be a long process,indeed democracy is a never endingprocess, but this is the context weshould see the elections in.”According to the former ambassador,the current opposition, of which he is apart, is the strongest, most capable thatthe country has yet produced. He wants Georgia Dream to function aspart of a working democracy.“Elections everywhere are vibrantand noisy,” he said, “but it’s not aboutdestroying and killing each other. It’simportant for us to go through theseelections with the perspective of anewly born democracy taking its firststeps. I want to live in a country wherean opposition can win, where a govern-ment can lose, this is normal but it’snever happened in Georgia.”Meanwhile, pressure on the govern-ment has mounted over the release of a video which appears to link two seniorgovernment ministers to the death of prisoner Sergo Tetradze.Interior Minister Bacho Akhalaiaand his assistant, Megis Kardava, wereaccused on national television of involvement of the death in prison of  Tetradze last year by former prisonguard, Vladimir Bedukadze, who shotthe footage. There have been opposition calls forthe resignation of Akhalaia and Kardava, while anti-torture protesters have taken tothe streets following the deployment of police to replace prison officers in jails on19 September, on the orders of PresidentMikheil Saakashvili.
‘We have the chance to move ahead as a normal, capable, state’
Gonzi & Pullicino vs. New Europe
· Page 19
Georgia: time for change
After violent protests by extremists in reaction to the"Innocence of Muslims" video, the question whetheror not YouTube should takethe video offline...
·Page 5
·Pages 4, 10, 11
Hillsborough came at theend of a decade when I wasintroduced to football; itspassions, its delights and itstragedies...
·Page 18
 The Hungarian parliamenthas changed course on abill that introduces domes-tic violence to theHungarian penal code...
·Page 9
On 18 September,Azerbaijan’s Industry andEnergy Minister NatigAliyev said Baku is interest-ed in the Trans-Caspian gaspipeline...
·Page 12
A protester holds a placard during a protest against torture in prisons in Tbilisi on 20 September. The sameday, Georgia's leader appointed the ex-Soviet state's human rights ombudsman Giorgi Tugushi as prisonsminister amid continuing protests over videos showing the torture and rape of convicts. |
London’s Indiansummer
EU-China media policy: See no journalists, speak no journalists, hear no journalists.|
AFP PHOTO / Thierry Charlier
It's strange to look back ten years and realise that the Iraq conflict could have been avoided and the quest for the mythical weapons of mass destruction was all in vain. However, sending in UN investigators certainly did enable the Bush/Blair part-nership to make better plans to attack. As we now know, that time would have been better spent preparing for what hap-pens after the war. The other main story was on Georgia and Russia's tensions over energy supplies. This is also a problemthat hasn't really gone away. Both stories are still make frequent appearances in newspaper front pages, perhaps not withthe same persistence as Ryanair's publicity stunts.
 Towards a monetary union?
 Jean Monnet is most often related to his comment made in1943, on his aspirations and beliefs towards a European Union,that could post war, be a refuge: “There will be no peace inEurope, if the states are reconstituted on the basis of nationalsovereignty… The countries of Europe are too small to guaran-tee their peoples the necessary prosperity and social develop-ment. The European states must constitute themselves into afederation.” That word Federation was most oft thought of as a far away destination in the last 20 years, especially since some states seemto be battling with the intrinsic necessity for a top down foun-dation, and a legal status that is now the constant cloud in theBrussels sky.At the same time Enlargement has added countries to theUnion which did not envision such a scope from the beginningbut worked toward it as a result of their geopolitical shifts in thelast 15 years, see Estonia's quest for the Euro and Croatia'saccession. The economic crisis as it has been since 2008 has brought forthan extraordinary machine in terms of the ESM/ESFS now ECB's bond structure and made the word 'federation' morepopular than ever before.In his State of the Union address on 12 September theEuropean Commission's President himself uttered the wordand underline the necessity towards this measure for futuregrowth, stability and to make sure that Europe would not be asexposed as it has been in the world markets, since 2008.On page 4, this week our correspondent Peter Taberner shiftsthis further and looks at the inter institutional changes neces-sary to achieve further correlation on the monetary unionbetween the European Council and the European Parliament,and how a delegation of the European Parliament would beinvolved in Council Summits in some way. The trend within the institutions continues is evident, the trendacross the continent is disparate, from the now infamous PIGS which are dealing with liberal restructuring (also see page 7 forDavid Cronin's piece on Spain moving towards a break up of their Trade Unions) towards the enmity often hurled atBrussels from 'The City' in the form of London's FTSE whichclearly grasps that city and the Parliament well.A Banking Union in any way sending certain newspapers in atizzy over what Brussels should not even dream of doing; butalso moves from such countries as Ireland and Finland lookingto alternatives. The crisis is not over, if anything despite rallies on the marketsdepending on the day, larger sectors such as imports from Asia,construction, banking loans, every European country's debt(except for Germany's of course) all are declining along withfigures which only show a greater need for youth employmentand education to be at the forefront.Elections in the US are also sending an interesting imbalanceonto the scene as well as unexpected events such as the IslamicRevolution continuing across the Arab world which at itszenith escalates fuel prices at it nadir disrupts notions of Westand East.Of note and high anticipation is the Council Summit set totake place on 22 September in Germany's Ludwigsburg wherean assessment of the Eurozone Crisis is on the agenda as is theever growing possibility of a merger between EADS and BAEair defence companies. These are awaited conversations between Francois Hollandeand Angela Merkel which will be crucial to Europe's next steps.
 Alia Papageorgioualia@neurope.eu
Kostis Geropoulos (Energy & Russian Affairs)kgeropoulos@neurope.euCillian Donnelly (EU Affairs)cdonnelly@neurope.eu Andy Carling (EU Affairs)acarling@neurope.eu Ariti Alamanou (Legal Affairs)aalamanou@neurope.euLouise Kissa (Fashion)lkissa@neurope.eu Alexandra Coronakis (Columnist)acoronaki@neurope.eu
 Alexandros Koronakisakoronakis@neurope.eu
Suman Haquesuman@neurope.eu
subscriptions@neurope.euSubscriptions are available worldwide
New Europe is a privately owned independentpublication, and is not subsidised or financed inany way by any EU institution or other entity.
 Av. de Tervuren/Tervurenlaan 96,1040 Brussels, BelgiumTel. +32 2 5390039Fax +32 2 5390339info@neurope.eu
 Avenue de Tervueren 961040 Etterbeek BelgiumTel. +32 2 5390039info@neurope.eu
Signed Contributions express solely theviews of the writers and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of thenewspaper.
NE is printed on recycled paper.
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2012 New Europe all rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored ina retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic or otherwise, without express permission. The Publishers accept no liability for third party views published, nor damagecaused by reading, viewing or using our content. All information is correct at the time of going to print, we accept no liabilities for consequent changes.
ISSN number: 1106-8299
23 - 29 September, 2012
 The 15th EU-China Summit on20 September marked a historic watershed for two reasons. It took place at a critical moment in theEU’s fight to overcome the Euro-zone crisis. And it also marked thelast meeting in Brussels attended by Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao. Hecame to Europe at a time when theEU seems finally to be getting itsact together after ECB chief MarioDraghi unleashed his ‘big bazooka’that has calmed the markets. At thesame time the Chinese economy isslowing down although still withgrowth rates than any European or American leader would die for. Healso arrived at a time of increasedtension in East Asia over rival Chi-nese and Japanese claims to a num-ber of disputed islands.In face of the global economicsituation Brussels and Beijing rec-ognize that they have to work to-gether. Chinese leaders have playeda positive role in expressing supportfor the Eurozone and the ability of EU leaders, especially AngelaMerkel, to take decisive action. With the EU as its largest exportmarket and a sizeable chunk of itshuge currency reserves in eurosChina has a big stake in a prosper-ous European economy. The downturn in Europe has al-ready hit Chinese exports and led tolay-offs in Chinese factories. In therun up to the CCP party congressnext month and an expected majorgenerational shift in the leadership,Beijing understandably puts astrong emphasis on political andeconomic stability. At the summit, EU and Chineseleaders were keen to talk about theirstrategic partnership and growinginterdependence. As EU PresidentVan Rompuy said ‘our objective isto continue to turn our growinginter-dependence into mutual op-portunities.’ Wen Jiabao said that astwo major forces on the world stage,China and the EU shared unprece-dented opportunities and chal-lenges. It was important ‘to deepenpractical cooperation on the basis of mutual respect’. As the EU lined up to bidfarewell to Uncle Wen how haveEU-China relations developed inthe past decade? Looking at the re-lationship in statistics it has madeconsiderable progress.Since China joined the WTO in2001 trade with the EU hasboomed. The EU has been China'stop trading partner for most of thepast decade while China has beenthe EU's second trading partnerduring the same period. Due to theeconomic crisis there has been adrop in trade volumes this year butin 2011 bilateral trade topped euros500 billion, having more thanquadrupled since 2003. That trans-lates into a daily trade volume of over euros 1.25 billion. The EU has become the largestinvestor in China while, over thelast two years, Chinese investmentin EU countries has surged as Chi-nese companies look for bargains inthe troubled European economies. Tourism is also booming withover five million people travellingbetween the two sides every year. There are over 400 twin cities. Andthere are more than 230,000 Chi-nese students studying in Europe,three times as many as 2001.On the political side Catherine Ashton meets her Chinese coun-terpart on a regular basis as doesKarel de Gucht on the trade side. And there are over 60 dialogues be-tween the two sides covering every-thing from aviation and customs tothe environment and human rights.So in terms of the sheer numberof meetings the EU-China rela-tionship has developed fast in thepast decade. But it is a less rosy pic-ture in terms of building trust and working together on internationalissues. There are continuing disputesover the arms embargo, imposedafter 1989, and the EU’s refusal togrant China market economy sta-tus. China gets upset when Euro-pean leaders meet the Dalai Lamaor human rights groups agitateabout Tibet. The EU also complains about thelack of a level playing field, citingproblems in market access andChina’s laissez faire approach to in-tellectual property rights. The EU and China differ onSyria and how to deal with NorthKorea. Beijing is skeptical about the Western use of the responsibility toprotect principle as was applied toLibya.So the net result is a mixed balancesheet. There has been progress inmany fields but overall the relation-ship has not fulfilled its potential. Another complicating factor is thebilateral relations of all 27 EU mem-ber states with China. Many pursuetheir own interests with little refer-ence to the EU and China is a skilledpractitioner of divide and rule.Despite the intense activity thereremains a lack of trust on certain is-sues and too often the two sidesseem to talk past each other. Yet astwo inter-connected global giantsthey cannot afford to ignore eachother. Wen hands over to his suc-cessor a relationship that has comea long way in the past decade butone with enormous potential in thedecade ahead.Fraser Cameron is Director of theEU-Asia Centre and a member of the EU-China Research and Aca-demic Network (ECRAN)
 The farewell summi
European Employment Forum
27-28 November 2012 @ SQUARE, Brussels
Confirmed speakers include:2012 Conference, Focus Groups and Exhibition :‘Creating Jobs for Growth’
We continue to make further improvements to the event. This yearthere will be greater access to the Exhibitors, allowing more time tonetwork and learn from each other. This, alongside a line-up of topquality speakers and the more practical focus groups, will make fora better experience for all attendees.
The conference programme is being developed. Please visit our websitefor the latest developments.
Great prices available for 2012!
Contact our offices to receive our best ratesfor exhibiting and attending the conference.Online registration is now open
+44 (0)207 828 2278
Summit Events, 79 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0QJ
+44 (0)207 828 2278
+44 (0)207 828 2045
info@summit-events.comWorking incoalition with:2012 sponsors include:
Pervenche Berès
 MEP and Chair of the Employment& Social Affairs Committee of theEuropean Parliament
David Fairhurst
 Senior VP & Chief People OfficerEurope, McDonald’s
Lenka Kint
 Executive Secretary, WAPES
Valeria Ronzetti
 General Secretary, CEEP
Raymond Torres
 Director, ILO
By Fraser Cameron
23 - 29 September, 2012
Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao waves on September 20, 2012 before the start of an EU-CHINA business summit at EU headquarters in Brussels. Wen said on September 20 thatBeijing would maintain its efforts to help resolve the eurozone debt crisis, after months of investing in European governments' sovereign bonds.
   A   F   P   P   H   O   T   O   /   T   H   I   E   R   R   Y   C   H   A   R   L   I   E   R

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