This project of electrical generation hybrid system grid, with : solar paddles, wind mills,biodigestors and thermoelectrical generators by thomson effect is development in order toimprove the quality energy conversion in alternative energies power system topologies.The investigation focuses in the design and construction of self-sustaining houses of theecological type to be respecting the environment and the society, as well as to reach tobeing self-sufficient in the basic requirements of electrical energy. With the use of combustible gas source, as well as Aeolian energy and power plants producing, solar efficient and of low cost; in sequence to that they can be acquired by the thickness of thepopulation that is of limited resources. This way we can use the resources already we have,and are being wasted; besides going to us preparing to be replacing our dependency of petroleum; that to say of mass media: it only has left about 20 years of existence.Due to the resounding fall of the quality of life waited for the coming years, if we continuedthe present model of consumption of fuels derived from petroleum and invasive and harmfulconstruction to the ecosystem; we are ourselves forced in the Dominican Republic and other parts of the world to develop innovating proposals as far as materials. We must makedesigns of construction where our tropical island potentialities take advantage of the greatsolar irradiation and great densities of wind during the year. Our then investigation part of thesocial fact of the deficiency of electrical energy that supports to the national population likesociety or organized being of citizens; then our country has a deficit average of electricpower of about 300 daily MW. The Dominican Republic is a net import petroleum countrywith an annual invoice of a U.S. $6,300,000,000. More than 300.000 homes they do nothave access to the power network electrical networks. The Dominican Republic owns agreat wind potential of up to 10.000 MW as it can be observed in the Aeolian Atlas of theDominican Republic, elaborated by the National laboratory of Renewable Energies of theUnited States of North America (NREL). In addition it is counted on a privileged geographicposition as far as solar reception, with significant coastal extensions to implement systems of alternative energies in the sea, with high proportion of mountainous regions with multiplepronounced fluvial and pending channels.
Through this project to design, to develop and to operate hybrid grid of Alternative power plants of small and median power, it would be helped to mitigate the national power deficitand would prepare that us to face the imminent fuel depletion derived from petroleum.
Description of the action
I) Innovating typology in the conformation of a network of ecological alternativePower plants:1. - Nature of the nonconventional power plants.2. - pentagonal morphology for the basic elements of our enmeshes (eco-sustainable Network of sources of solar-Aeolian origin).3. - Characterization of the particularitities of each one of the components of theNetwork.II) Nature of the nonconventional power plants of our network:
a) connections series-parallel for the photovoltaic panels, according to theintensity of the solar irradiation (regulation by modulation of the width of pulses,PWM).b) integration of semiconducting bismuth modules closed atmosphere telluriumof solar concentration (solar furnaces) of Thomson effect.