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Public Speaking

Public Speaking

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Public Speaking
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Public Speaking, by Clarence StrattonThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.netTitle: Public SpeakingAuthor: Clarence StrattonRelease Date: December 16, 2005 [EBook #17318]Language: EnglishCharacter set encoding: ISO-8859-1*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK PUBLICSPEAKING ***Produced by Kevin Handy, John Hagerson, Sankar Viswanathan, andthe Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.netPUBLIC SPEAKINGBY CLARENCE STRATTON; PH.D.
 
DIRECTOR OF ENGLISH IN HIGH SCHOOLCLEVELANDNEW YORK HENRY HOLT AND COMPANYCOPYRIGHT, 1920 BY HENRY HOLT AND COMPANY _January,1924_CONTENTS
CHAPTER I.
SPEECH II. THE VOICE III. WORDS AND SENTENCES IV.BEGINNING THE SPEECH V. CONCLUDING THE SPEECH VI.GETTING MATERIAL VII. PLANNING THE SPEECH VIII.MAKING THE OUTLINE OR BRIEF IX. EXPLAINING X.PROVING AND PERSUADING XI. REFUTING XII. DEBATINGXIII. SPEAKING UPON SPECIAL OCCASIONS XIV. DRAMATICSAPPENDIX A APPENDIX B INDEXTo C.C.S.PUBLIC SPEAKING
CHAPTER I
SPEECHImportance of Speech. There never has been in the history of the worlda time when the spoken word has been equaled in value and importance
 
by any other means of communication. If one traces the development of mankind from what he considers its earliest stage he will find that thewandering family of savages depended entirely upon what its memberssaid to one another. A little later when a group of families made a clanor tribe the individuals still heard the commands of the leader, or intribal council voiced their own opinions. The beginnings of poetryshow us the bard who recited to his audiences. Drama, in all primitivesocieties a valuable spreader of knowledge, entertainment, and religion,is entirely oral. In so late and well-organized communities as the cityrepublics of Greece all matters were discussed in open assemblies of the rather small populations.Every great epoch of the world's progress shows the supremeimportance of speech upon human action--individual and collective. Inthe Roman Forum were made speeches that affected the entire ancientworld. Renaissance Italy, imperial Spain, unwieldy Russia,freedom-loving England, revolutionary France, all experienced periodswhen the power of certain men to speak stirred other men intotempestuous action.The history of the United States might almost be written as thecontinuous record of the influence of great speakers upon others. Thecolonists were led to concerted action by persuasive speeches. TheColonial Congresses and Constitutional Convention were dominated bypowerful orators. The history of the slavery problem is mainly the storyof famous speeches and debates. Most of the active representativeAmericans have been leaders because of their ability to impress theirfellows by their power of expressing sentiments and enthusiasms whichall would voice if they could. Presidents have been nominated andcandidates elected because of this equipment.During the Great War the millions of the world were as muchconcerned with what some of their leaders were saying as with whattheir other leaders were doing.[1]Speech in Modern Life. There is no aspect of modern life in which thespoken work is not supreme in importance. Representatives of thenations of the world deciding upon a peace treaty and deliberating upon

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