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L2_18-09-12

L2_18-09-12

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Published by Asim Munir

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Published by: Asim Munir on Sep 25, 2012
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Industrial AutomationCreated & Presented byMuhammad Zeeshan Saeed
Department of PhysicsCOMSATS Institute of InformationTechnologyIslamabad
PHY461Industrial Automation
Lecture # 2
Process Control System
 
Industrial AutomationCreated & Presented byMuhammad Zeeshan Saeed
Department of PhysicsCOMSATS Institute of InformationTechnologyIslamabad
Process Control
Refers to the methods that are used to controlprocess variables when manufacturing a product
 –
Proportion of one ingredient to another
 –
Temperature of the materials
 –
How well the ingredients are mixed
 –
Pressure under which the materials are held, etc.
The production process is controlled for thefollowing reasons
 –
Reduce variability
 –
Increase efficiency
 –
Ensure safety
 
Industrial AutomationCreated & Presented byMuhammad Zeeshan Saeed
Department of PhysicsCOMSATS Institute of InformationTechnologyIslamabad
Reduce Variability
Ensure consistently high-quality product
Process control can reduce variability in the end product,eventually preventing high costs, e.g.
 –
In a gasoline blending process, as many as 12 or more differentcomponents may be blended to make a specific grade of gasoline
 –
If the refinery does not have precise control over the flow of theseparate components, the gasoline may get too much of thehigh-octane components
 –
Result
Customers would receive a higher grade and more expensive gasolinethan they paid for
The refinery would lose money
 –
The opposite situation would be customers receiving a lowergrade at a higher price
 –
Result
Customers would get less/worse than they paid for

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