)is a world-popular dish of Italianorigin, made with an oven-baked, flat, generally round bread that is often covered withtomatoes or a tomato-based sauce and cheese. Other toppings are added according to region,culture, or personal preference.Originating inNeapolitan cuisine,the dish has become popular in many different parts of theworld. A shop or restaurant that primarily makes and sells pizzas is called a "pizzeria". Thephrases "pizza parlor", "pizza place" and "pizza shop" are used in the United States. The term
Main article:History of pizzaTheAncient Greekscovered their bread with oils, herbs, and cheese. TheRomansdevelopedplacenta,a sheet of flour topped with cheese and honey and flavored with bay leaves. Modernpizza originated in Italy as the Neapolitan pie with tomato. In 1889 cheese was added.
1825) is said to have disguised himself as a commoner and, inclandestine fashion, visited a poor neighborhood inNaples.One story has it that he wanted tosink his teeth into a food that the queen had banned from the royal court
The bottom base of the pizza (called the "crust" in the United States and Canada) may varywidely according to style
thin as in hand-tossed pizza or Roman pizza, or thick as in pan pizzaorChicago-style pizza.It is traditionally plain, but may also be seasoned with butter, garlic, orherbs, or stuffed with cheese.In restaurants, pizza can be baked in an oven with stone bricks above the heat source, an electricdeck oven, aconveyor beltoven or, in the case of more expensive restaurants, a wood- or coal-firedbrick oven.On deck ovens, the pizza can be slid into the oven on a long paddle called apeeland baked directly on the hot bricks or baked on a screen (a round metal grate, typicallyaluminum). When making pizza at home, it can be baked on apizza stonein a regular oven toimitate the effect of a brick oven. Another option isgrilled pizza,in which the crust is bakeddirectly on a barbecue grill.Greek pizza,like Chicago-style pizza, is baked in a pan rather thandirectly on the bricks of the pizza oven.
Authentic Neapolitan pizza margherita, the base for most kinds of pizza