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Pizza

Pizza

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Published by Vijesh Viju

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Published by: Vijesh Viju on Sep 26, 2012
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12/18/2012

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Pizza
(pronounced 
or 
; 
Italian: 
)is a world-popular dish of Italian origin, made with an oven-baked, flat, generally round bread that is often covered withtomatoes or a tomato-based sauce and cheese. Other toppings are added according to region,culture, or personal preference.Originating in Neapolitan cuisine,the dish has become popular in many different parts of the world. A shop or restaurant that primarily makes and sells pizzas is called a "pizzeria". Thephrases "pizza parlor", "pizza place" and "pizza shop" are used in the United States. The term
pizza pie
 pie
is used for simplicity in some contexts, such as among pizzeriastaff.
Contents
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History
Main article: History of pizza  The Ancient Greeks covered their bread with oils, herbs, and cheese. The Romans developed placenta,a sheet of flour topped with cheese and honey and flavored with bay leaves. Modernpizza originated in Italy as the Neapolitan pie with tomato. In 1889 cheese was added.
 – 
1825) is said to have disguised himself as a commoner and, inclandestine fashion, visited a poor neighborhood in Naples.One story has it that he wanted to sink his teeth into a food that the queen had banned from the royal court
 — 
pizza.
Base and baking methods
The bottom base of the pizza (called the "crust" in the United States and Canada) may varywidely according to style
 — 
thin as in hand-tossed pizza or Roman pizza, or thick as in pan pizzaor Chicago-style pizza.It is traditionally plain, but may also be seasoned with butter, garlic, or herbs, or stuffed with cheese.In restaurants, pizza can be baked in an oven with stone bricks above the heat source, an electricdeck oven, a conveyor belt oven or, in the case of more expensive restaurants, a wood- or coal- fired brick oven.On deck ovens, the pizza can be slid into the oven on a long paddle called a peel and baked directly on the hot bricks or baked on a screen (a round metal grate, typicallyaluminum). When making pizza at home, it can be baked on a pizza stone in a regular oven to imitate the effect of a brick oven. Another option is grilled pizza,in which the crust is baked directly on a barbecue grill. Greek pizza,like Chicago-style pizza, is baked in a pan rather than directly on the bricks of the pizza oven.
Pizza types
Authentic Neapolitan pizza margherita, the base for most kinds of pizza

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