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The Story of Dokdo Residents

The Story of Dokdo Residents

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Photographic Essay about Dokdo and People
Photographic Essay about Dokdo and People

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Published by: Republic of Korea (Korea.net) on Sep 27, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The story of Dokdo Residents
Dokdo Volunteer Guard
Boundary Stones of Dokdo
Jeju Female Divers and Dokdo
Choi Jong Deok 
Jo Jun Gi
Kim Seong Do
The story of
The story of Dokdo Residents
Syngman Rhee Line(Peace Line)Dokdo Volunteer GuardBoundary Stones of DokdoJeju Female Divers and DokdoChoi Jong DeokKim Seong Do
Dokdo Volunteer Guard
Boundary Stones of DokdoJeju Female Divers and Dokdo
Choi Jong Deok
Choi Jong Deok’s FamilyBirth of Dokdo’s BabyFisheries on DokdoLife on DokdoChoi Jong Deok’s ResidenceConstruction on Seodo998 Steps of SeodoConstruction on DongdoMulgol of Seodo
Jo Jun Gi
Construction on SeodoFishing Activities
Kim Seong Do
Kim Seong Do and his Wife Kim Sin YeolLife on DokdoTorch lighting Ceremony of the 87th National SportsFestival in Gimcheon Torch ignited on DokdoAppointment of village head of Dokdo-riVoting on Dokdo
First Pitch in the Opening Game of the Pro Baseball Season
Ulleungdo Residents’ Affection for Dokdo
The story of
September 15, 1954Stamps with Dokdo designs were released
Dokdo Volunteer GuardJeju Female DiversChoi Jong DeokKim Seong Do
August 10, 1954The first lighthouse began operating
1954. The Dokdo Volunteer Guard landed on Dokdo
January 18, 1952Korea announced the Presidential Declaration of Maritime Sovereignty
March 1965Choi obtained the right to fish on the DokdoCommon Fishing Ground
-March1965:ChoibegantostayonDokdoandharvestmarineproductsasanUlleungdoresidentontheType1 Common Fishing Ground of the Dodong FishingVillageCooperative-May 1968 : Choi began the construction of differentfacilities
October 14, 1981Choi registered Dokdo as his current residency
August 1954Female divers from Jejudo helped buildbarracks for the Dokdo Volunteer Guard
Jeju female divers were allowed to work onDokdo from the 1940s onwards. They began toharvest sea products in full scale after Korearegained independence and continued throughthe1980s
August 15, 1945Japan was defeated and accepted the Potsdam Declaration
September 8, 1951The Treaty of Peace with Japan (also called the Treaty of San Francisco orSan Francisco Peace Treaty) took effect
November 16, 1982 Dokdo was designated asNatural Monument No. 336 (Dokdo SeaweedHabitat)
November1997TheconstructionofdockingfacilitiesonDongdowascompletedMarch 24, 2005 Dokdo began to acceptciviliantravelwithoutgovernmentapproval
November 17, 1991Kim Seong Do and his wife registered Dokdoas their current residency
-April6,2007:KimwasappointedasvillageheadofDokdo-ri-December 13, 2007: The absentee ballot tookplaceonDokdo
August 16-25, 1947The 1st Ulleungdo Dokdo Scientific Investigationwas conducted
-October 15, 1953: The Corean Alpine Club erected aboundarystoneonDokdo
Corean Alpine Club
4   5  
Dokdo’s history as a part of Korea dates back to 512 when the kingdom of Sillaincorporated Usanguk (an ancient kingdom built by the original inhabitants of Ulleungdo). Dokdo,also known as Usando, Gajido, and Dokseom, has long been important to the livelihoods and day-to-day lives of all people of the Korean Peninsula, especially the residents of Ulleungdo, with its richrepository of marine products. Dokdo has traditionally been described as the child island of Ulleungdo by the locals, and local fishermen depended on the waters off Ulleungdo and Dokdo tomake a living. Japan is provoking controversy by trying to incorporate Dokdo, claiming that it isterra nullius by international law. However, for centuries, countless Korean fishermen have fishedand harvested sea products in the waters of Dokdo and sought shelter on the island whenshipwrecked or hit by a storm.Though Dokdo has remained closely associated with the lives of Ulleungdo residentsthroughout its history, a permanent settlement on the island began to take shape after the restorationof independence as Japan continued to challenge Korean sovereignty of Dokdo. Japan’s groundlessterritorial claim stems from the post-war arrangements made by the Allied Powers of WWII. WhenWWII came to an end, the Allies declared at the Cairo Conference (November 27, 1943) that “Japanwill be expelled from all the territories which she has taken by violence and greed” and, “mindful of the enslavement of the people of Korea, Korea shall become free and independent.” The PotsdamDeclaration (July 26, 1945) explicitly stated that “Japan’s sovereignty shall be limited to the islandsof Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku, and such minor islands as the Allies determine.” With thesurrender of Japan on August 15, 1945, the General Headquarters of the Supreme Commander of theAllied Powers excluded Dokdo from the administrative authority of Japan by issuing SCAPIN-677(January 29, 1946) of “Memorandum for Imperial Japanese Government: Governmental andAdministrative Separation of Certain Outlying Areas from Japan.” SCAPIN-1033 (June 22, 1946)was issued to designate the areas where Japanese people are permitted to engage in fishing andwhaling, and did not include Dokdo as part of Japan’s territory.Japan continued to stall for over four years by exercising political and diplomaticleverage to change the terms and conditions of the Treaty of Peace with Japan (San Francisco PeaceTreaty) and finally signed it in a more advantageous position. For this reason, the first draftcompleted on March 20, 1947 explicitly states that Dokdo is Korea’s territory but the final versionsigned and sealed on September 8, 1951 leaves out this detail. A total of eight drafts were exchangedbetween the US and Japan until the San Francisco Peace Treaty was concluded, two drafts betweenthe UK and Japan, and two drafts between the US and the UK. Dokdo was specified as Korea’sterritory from the first draft of March 1947 through the fifth draft of November 1949, but appearedas Japan’s territory on the sixth draft. The seventh draft of August 1950 does not have any mentionof Dokdo. The two drafts jointly crafted by the US and the UK also fail to mention Dokdo. The finalTreaty of Peace with Japan concluded in San Francisco on September 8 fully mirrors the US-UK joint draft, stating in Clause a of Article 2 that “Japan renounces all right, title and claim to Korea,including the islands of Quelpart (Jejudo), Port Hamilton (Geomundo), and Dagelet (Ulleungdo)”and making no mention of Dokdo as Korean territory.
The story of Dokdo Residents
Map attached to the draft of the Treaty ofPeace with Japan. 1951.Foreign and Commonwealth Office of theUnited KingdomGeneral Headquarters of Supreme Commander of the Allied PowersAdministrative Areas (Korea and Japan). 1946 / SCAPIN-677
1)Duetolimitationsasanillustratedbook,thisbookdealswiththeperiodstartingfromtherestorationofindependencetoconveyfactsabout the establishment of a permanent settlement on Dokdo. It must be noted that Dokdo has sustained livelihoods of UlleungdoresidentsandprovidedfoodforallKoreanpeopleforcenturies.
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